Bangladesh Navy

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Bangladesh Navy
বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী
Bangladesh Navy Logo.jpg
Bangladesh Navy Crest
Active 1971 - present
Country  Bangladesh
Branch Navy
Type Naval Warfare
Size 15,000 personnel[1]
85 ships[1]
4 aircraft
Part of Bangladesh Armed Forces
Ministry of Defence
Naval Headquarters Banani, Dhaka
Nickname BN
Patron The President of Bangladesh
Motto শান্তিতে সংগ্রামে সমুদ্রে দূর্জয়
Transliteration: Shantite Shongrame Shamudre Durjoy
(In War and Peace Invincible at Sea)
Anniversaries 26 March, 7 November.
Engagements Bangladesh Liberation War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Website www.navy.mil.bd
Commanders
Ministry of Defence Sheikh Hasina
Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral M Farid Habib (ND), ndc, psc, BN
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Aircraft flown
Helicopter AW-109 Power
Patrol Dornier 228 NG

The Bangladesh Navy (BN, Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী, Bānglādēśh Naubāhinī) is the naval warfare branch of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The navy is implementing an ambitious modernization and expansion program to ensure the security of Bangladesh's maritime boundary which includes the country's vast exclusive economic zone, deep sea oil, gas and mineral reserves, and vital shipping lanes in the Bay of Bengal.[2] In July 2011, Bangladesh Navy inaugurated it's naval aviation branch with the induction of two helicopters.[3] The navy will induct two submarines by 2015 as a plan to be a "three dimensional" force.[4]

History[edit]

The Bangladesh Navy was created as part of Bangladesh Forces during Bangladesh's 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. It's official creation date is July 1971 during the historic Bangladesh Sector Commanders Conference 1971. In 1971, with West Pakistan imposing a brutal military crack-down in East Pakistan, the Bangladesh Liberation War was already underway. Many Bengali sailors and officers in the Pakistan Navy defected to form the nascent Bangladesh Navy. Initially, there were two ships and 45 navy personnel. On 9 November 1971, the first naval fleet consisting of six small patrol vessels were inaugurated.[5] These ships tried to carry out raids on the Pakistani fleet, but were mistakenly hit and sunk by Indian Air Force on 10 December 1971. The next major attack was launched on Mongla seaport. According to official figures from Bangladesh Navy, a total of 334 sailors were involved with the newly created navy with 22 being killed in action.[6]

Organization and formation[edit]

Bangladesh Navy (BN) has its headquarters at Banani, Dhaka. The headquarters has 4 branches, Operations (O), Personnel (P), Material (M) and Logistics (Log). Each branch is headed by officers who are titled as Principal Staff Officer (PSO) and known as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (ACNS), e.g., ACNS (O). Under each PSO there are various Directorates headed by Directors with the rank of Captain. Under each Director there are Deputy Directors (DD) and Staff Officers (SO).

Flag officers holding command or important positions in the Bangladesh Navy are as follows.

Headquarters[edit]

Naval Headquarters Command Structure[edit]

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O10.svg Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral M Farid Habib, ndc, psc
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Operations) Rear Admiral A M M M Aurangzeb Chowdhury, (G), ndc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel) Rear Admiral K S Hossain, (TAS), (CD), ncc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Material) Rear Admiral Riaz Uddin Ahmed, (E), ndu, afwc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Logistics) Rear Admiral Mohammed Saiful Kabir, (L), ndu, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Drafting Authority Commodore S M Arshadul Abedin, (E), ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Naval Secretary Commodore Shamsul Alam, (G), ndu, psc, BN

Area/Operational Commands[edit]

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Commander Chittagong Naval Area Rear Admiral Akhtar Habib (ND), ndc, ncc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Commanding Khulna (COMKHUL) Commodore Md Shaheen Iqbal, (TAS), afwc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Naval Administrative Authority Dhaka (Admin Dhaka) Commodore S A Parvez (TAS), nswc, afwc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Commanding BN Flotilla (COMBAN) Commodore M Khaled Iqbal,(ND), ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Superintendent Dockyard (CSD) Commodore Kazi Kamrul Hassan,(L), ndc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Special Warfare and Diving and Salvage Command (COMSWADS) Commodore M Rajib,(G), afwc, ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Naval Aviation(COMNAV) Commodore S Imran,(ND), ndc, psc, BN

List of Chiefs of Naval Staff[edit]

Ranks[edit]

Branches[edit]

Bangladesh Navy has 6 administrative branches:

  1. Executive (X)
  2. Mechanical Engineering (E)
  3. Electrical Engineering (L)
  4. Supply & Secretariat (S&S)
  5. Education
  6. Medical

D&R[edit]

Serial & Branch Seaman Mechanical Secretariat Supply Electrical Radio Electrical Regulating Medical
01 OD (Ordinary Seaman) ME II WTR II SA II EN II REN II PM II MA II
02 AB (Able Seaman) ME I WTR I SA I EN I REN I PM I MA I
03 LS (Leading Seaman) LME LWTR LSA LEN LREN LPM LMA
04 PO (Petty Officer) ERA-IV PO(W) PO(S) EA-IV REA-IV PO(R) PO(Med)
05 CPO (Chief Petty Officer) ERA-I/II/III CPO(W) CPO(S) EA-I/II/III REA-I/II/III CPO(REG) CPO(Med)
06 SCPO (Senior Chief Petty Officer) SCPO(E),CERA SCPO(W) SCPO(S) SCPO(L),CEA SCPO(R),CREA SCPO(Reg) SCPO(Med)
07 MCPO (Master Chief Petty Officer) MCPO(E) MCPO(S) MCPO(S) MCPO(L) MCPO(R) MCPO(Reg) MCPO(Med)
08 Honorary Sub Lieutenant(X) Hon S Lt(E) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(L) Hon S Lt(R) Hon S Lt(Reg) Hon S Lt(W/M)
09 Honorary Lieutenant(X) Hon Lt(E) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(L) Hon Lt(R) Hon Lt(Reg) Hon Lt(W/M)

Equipment[edit]

BNS Osman (F-18) in UN Mission.
BNS Bangabandhu (F-25) at sea.
A Bangladesh Navy sailor fires a Type-56 assault rifle aboard the Bangladesh navy frigate BNS Bangabandhu.
Bangladesh Navy Special Warfare Diving and Salvage (SWADS) personnel amid a joint military exercise with the US Navy in 2011.

Surface Combatants[edit]

Type Number of Ships Notes
Frigate 6 Six frigates including the Hamilton class frigate[9] delivered in 2013 and the two refurbished Chinese Type-053H2 frigates[10] delivered on 9 January 2014 in Qingdao China. The ships were commissioned as BN Ships ABU BAKR and ALI HAIDER on 1 March 14. Another Hamilton class frigate is expected to be delivered in 2014.
Corvette 4+2 AMI International and BTV suggests the procurement of two brand new corvettes from China possibly Type-056, scheduled to join navy by 2015.[10]
Offshore Patrol Vessel 11 Khulna Shipyard has delivered five indigenous Padma Class OPV in 2013
Fast Attack Craft-Missile 9 A mid-life upgrade is in discussion.
Fast Attack Craft-ASW 8
Fast Attack Craft-Patrol 14
Rapid Response Boat 16
Training Ship 2
Mine Warfare 5
Amphibious Warfare 11
Survey Ship 3
Auxiliaries 24

Bangladesh Naval Aviation[edit]

Bangladesh Naval Aviation started its journey on 14 July 2011 with the induction of two AgustaWestland AW109 helicopters. On 27 December 2011, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina formally inaugurated Naval Aviation in Chittagong. Bangladesh Naval Aviation operates from Chittagong Air Station. Forward Operation bases are in Patuakhali, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka and Khulna.

In July 2013, the Bangladesh Navy acquired two Dornier 228 New Generation aircraft for maritime patrol.[11]

Aircraft Picture Origin Type Version Quantity Note
Helicopters 2 (3 On Order)
AgustaWestland AW109 RNZAF A109 helicopter at the 2012 Wanaka Airshow.jpg  UK
 Italy
ASW
SAR
KN 2 Delivered on 14 July 2011.
Harbin Z-9 Chinese Helicopter Lands on HMS Cornwall MOD 45150752.jpg  China ASW
SAR
C 3 On order.
Fixed Wing Aircraft (2)
Dornier 228 NG RUAG Aviation Do 228 NG D-CNEU 1.jpg  Germany MPA NG 2 Delivered on 3 June 2013.

Guided Weapons[edit]

Name Type Version Origin Notes
C-802 Anti Ship Missile C-802A  China BNS Osman
C-704 Anti Ship Missile A  China Castle Class and Durjoy Class
Otomat Anti Ship Missile Mk.2 Block IV  Italy BNS Bangabandhu, received in 2000-01
Silkworm Anti Ship Missile SY-1 & HY-2  China FAC(M)s
FM-90 Point Defence SAM System N  China BNS Bangabandhu
A244-S Torpedo  Italy  France

Small Arms[edit]

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Type 92 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm China Standard issue sidearm.
Type 54 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62x25 China In special Forces and reserve use.
SIG Sauer P226/228/229 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Germany Switzerland
Type 56 Assault rifle 7.62mm Bangladesh Upgraded version of Ak-47. Produced under license by BOF.
BD-08 Assault rifle 7.62mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
M4A1 Assault rifle 5.45mm USA SWADS.
Daewoo K2 Assault rifle 5.45mm S.Korea SWADS.
M24 sniper rifle sniper rifle 7.62mm USA SWADS.
Heckler and Koch MP5 sub-machine gun 9mm Germany
Daewoo K7 sub-machine gun 9mm S.Korea
BD-08 Light machine gun 7.62mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
DShK Heavy machine gun 12.7mm Russia

Marines and Special Forces[edit]

The Bangladesh Navy maintains a Special Operations unit known as the SWADS. On 27 dec 11, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina commissioned SWADS base as BNS Nirvik at Danger Char opposite to BNS Isa Khan. The current strength of the unit is classified.

Future Expansion Plan[edit]

Bangladesh has made a long term modernization plan for its Armed Forces named “Forces Goal 2030”.[12] Under this goal, navy will be a three-dimensional deterrent force with operations in air, surface and under-water.[12] At the same time it has a plan to increase its surface combat capability by adding more ships as well as upgrading the current fleet.[12]

In recent years the navy has acquired three missile frigates [13][14](two 053H2 (Jianghu-III) Class and one Hamilton-Class[15][16]), 4 missile Corvettes (two Castle Class[17] and two Durjoy Class[18]), 5 Indegenous built Padma Class patrol vessel[19] and many auxiliary ships. Besides BNS Osman has been equipped with C-802A AShM and FM-90 SAM[20] and BNS Bangabandhu, the most modern ship of Bangladesh Navy, equipped with maritime helicopter.

Recently Bangladesh ordered two Type 056 corvettes from China and two Incheon Class corvettes from South Korea. The navy has a plan for replacing its age old Fast Attack Craft (Missile) fleet by 2021. Another US Coastguard Cutter is going to join Bangladesh Navy service by next year.

In 2013, Bangladesh Navy has commissioned five indegenous patrol vessel built by Khulna Shipyard. There are plans to build bigger ships in the future.

Bangladesh Naval Academy[edit]

Bangladesh Naval Academy is the commissioned officer training academy of Bangladesh Navy located at the port city Chittagong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]