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Bangladesh Navy Crest
|Active||1971 - present|
|Part of||Bangladesh Armed Forces
Ministry of Defence
|Naval Headquarters||Banani, Dhaka|
|Patron||The President of Bangladesh|
|Motto||শান্তিতে সংগ্রামে সমুদ্রে দূর্জয়
Transliteration: Shantite Shongrame Shamudre Durjoy
(In War and Peace Invincible at Sea)
|Anniversaries||26 March, 7 November.|
|Engagements||Bangladesh Liberation War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
|Ministry of Defence||Sheikh Hasina|
|Chief of Naval Staff||Vice Admiral M Farid Habib (ND), ndc, psc, BN|
|Patrol||Dornier 228 NG|
The Bangladesh Navy (BN, Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী, Bānglādēśh Naubāhinī) is the naval warfare branch of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The navy is implementing an ambitious modernization and expansion program to ensure the security of Bangladesh's maritime boundary which includes the country's vast exclusive economic zone, deep sea oil, gas and mineral reserves, and vital shipping lanes in the Bay of Bengal. In July 2011, Bangladesh Navy inaugurated it's naval aviation branch with the induction of two helicopters. The navy will induct two submarines by 2015 as a plan to be a "three dimensional" force.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization and formation
- 3 List of Chiefs of Naval Staff
- 4 Ranks
- 5 Equipment
- 6 Marines and Special Forces
- 7 Future Expansion Plan
- 8 Bangladesh Naval Academy
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Bangladesh Navy was created as part of Bangladesh Forces during Bangladesh's 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. It's official creation date is July 1971 during the historic Bangladesh Sector Commanders Conference 1971. In 1971, with West Pakistan imposing a brutal military crack-down in East Pakistan, the Bangladesh Liberation War was already underway. Many Bengali sailors and officers in the Pakistan Navy defected to form the nascent Bangladesh Navy. Initially, there were two ships and 45 navy personnel. On 9 November 1971, the first naval fleet consisting of six small patrol vessels were inaugurated. These ships tried to carry out raids on the Pakistani fleet, but were mistakenly hit and sunk by Indian Air Force on 10 December 1971. The next major attack was launched on Mongla seaport. According to official figures from Bangladesh Navy, a total of 334 sailors were involved with the newly created navy with 22 being killed in action.
Organization and formation
Bangladesh Navy (BN) has its headquarters at Banani, Dhaka. The headquarters has 4 branches, Operations (O), Personnel (P), Material (M) and Logistics (Log). Each branch is headed by officers who are titled as Principal Staff Officer (PSO) and known as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (ACNS), e.g., ACNS (O). Under each PSO there are various Directorates headed by Directors with the rank of Captain. Under each Director there are Deputy Directors (DD) and Staff Officers (SO).
Flag officers holding command or important positions in the Bangladesh Navy are as follows.
|Sleeve insignia||Appointment||Rank and Name|
|Chief of Naval Staff||Vice Admiral M Farid Habib, ndc, psc|
|Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Operations)||Rear Admiral A M M M Aurangzeb Chowdhury, (G), ndc, psc, BN|
|Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel)||Rear Admiral K S Hossain, (TAS), (CD), ncc, psc, BN|
|Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Material)||Rear Admiral Riaz Uddin Ahmed, (E), ndu, afwc, psc, BN|
|Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Logistics)||Rear Admiral Mohammed Saiful Kabir, (L), ndu, psc, BN|
|Drafting Authority||Commodore S M Arshadul Abedin, (E), ndc, psc, BN|
|Naval Secretary||Commodore Shamsul Alam, (G), ndu, psc, BN|
|Sleeve insignia||Appointment||Rank and Name|
|Commander Chittagong Naval Area||Rear Admiral Akhtar Habib (ND), ndc, ncc, psc, BN|
|Commodore Commanding Khulna (COMKHUL)||Commodore Md Shaheen Iqbal, (TAS), afwc, psc, BN|
|Naval Administrative Authority Dhaka (Admin Dhaka)||Commodore S A Parvez (TAS), nswc, afwc, psc, BN|
|Commodore Commanding BN Flotilla (COMBAN)||Commodore M Khaled Iqbal,(ND), ndc, psc, BN|
|Commodore Superintendent Dockyard (CSD)||Commodore Kazi Kamrul Hassan,(L), ndc, psc, BN|
|Special Warfare and Diving and Salvage Command (COMSWADS)||Commodore M Rajib,(G), afwc, ndc, psc, BN|
|Commodore Naval Aviation(COMNAV)||Commodore S Imran,(ND), ndc, psc, BN|
- Captain Nurul Haq (up until 6 November 1973)
- Commodore Musharraf Hussain Khan (7 November 1973 - 22 February 1976)
- Rear Admiral Musharraf Hussain Khan (23 February 1976 - 3 November 1979) - served as Deputy Chief Martial Law Administrator of Bangladesh from 1975 to 1977 with Ziaur Rahman and M. G. Tawab.
- Rear Admiral Mahbub Ali Khan (4 November 1979 - 6 August 1984)
- Rear Admiral Sultan Ahmed (6 August 1984 - 14 August 1990)
- Rear Admiral Amir Ahmed Mustafa (15 August 1990- 2 May 1991)
- Commodore Muhammad Mohaiminul Islam (4 June 1991 - 17 June 1991)
- Rear Admiral Muhammad Mohaiminul Islam (17 June 1991 - 3 June 1995)
- Rear Admiral Mohammad Nurul Islam (4 June 1995 - 3 June 1999)
- Rear Admiral Abu Taher (4 June 1999 - 3 June 2002)
- Rear Admiral Shah Iqbal Mujtaba (4 June 2002 - 9 January 2005)
- Rear Admiral M Hasan Ali Khan (10 January 2005 - 9 February 2007)
- Vice Admiral Sarwar Jahan Nizam (10 February 2007 - 28 January 2009)
- Vice Admiral Zahir Uddin Ahmed (29 January 2009 – 28 January 2013)
- Vice Admiral M Farid Habib (28 January 2013 – Present)
Bangladesh Navy has 6 administrative branches:
- Executive (X)
- Mechanical Engineering (E)
- Electrical Engineering (L)
- Supply & Secretariat (S&S)
|Serial & Branch||Seaman||Mechanical||Secretariat||Supply||Electrical||Radio Electrical||Regulating||Medical|
|01||OD (Ordinary Seaman)||ME II||WTR II||SA II||EN II||REN II||PM II||MA II|
|02||AB (Able Seaman)||ME I||WTR I||SA I||EN I||REN I||PM I||MA I|
|03||LS (Leading Seaman)||LME||LWTR||LSA||LEN||LREN||LPM||LMA|
|04||PO (Petty Officer)||ERA-IV||PO(W)||PO(S)||EA-IV||REA-IV||PO(R)||PO(Med)|
|05||CPO (Chief Petty Officer)||ERA-I/II/III||CPO(W)||CPO(S)||EA-I/II/III||REA-I/II/III||CPO(REG)||CPO(Med)|
|06||SCPO (Senior Chief Petty Officer)||SCPO(E),CERA||SCPO(W)||SCPO(S)||SCPO(L),CEA||SCPO(R),CREA||SCPO(Reg)||SCPO(Med)|
|07||MCPO (Master Chief Petty Officer)||MCPO(E)||MCPO(S)||MCPO(S)||MCPO(L)||MCPO(R)||MCPO(Reg)||MCPO(Med)|
|08||Honorary Sub Lieutenant(X)||Hon S Lt(E)||Hon S Lt(S)||Hon S Lt(S)||Hon S Lt(L)||Hon S Lt(R)||Hon S Lt(Reg)||Hon S Lt(W/M)|
|09||Honorary Lieutenant(X)||Hon Lt(E)||Hon Lt(S)||Hon Lt(S)||Hon Lt(L)||Hon Lt(R)||Hon Lt(Reg)||Hon Lt(W/M)|
|Type||Number of Ships||Notes|
|Frigate||6||Six frigates including the Hamilton class frigate delivered in 2013 and the two refurbished Chinese Type-053H2 frigates delivered on 9 January 2014 in Qingdao China. The ships were commissioned as BN Ships ABU BAKR and ALI HAIDER on 1 March 14. Another Hamilton class frigate is expected to be delivered in 2014.|
|Corvette||4+2||AMI International and BTV suggests the procurement of two brand new corvettes from China possibly Type-056, scheduled to join navy by 2015.|
|Offshore Patrol Vessel||11||Khulna Shipyard has delivered five indigenous Padma Class OPV in 2013|
|Fast Attack Craft-Missile||9||A mid-life upgrade is in discussion.|
|Fast Attack Craft-ASW||8|
|Fast Attack Craft-Patrol||14|
|Rapid Response Boat||16|
Bangladesh Naval Aviation started its journey on 14 July 2011 with the induction of two AgustaWestland AW109 helicopters. On 27 December 2011, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina formally inaugurated Naval Aviation in Chittagong. Bangladesh Naval Aviation operates from Chittagong Air Station. Forward Operation bases are in Patuakhali, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka and Khulna.
|Helicopters 2 (3 On Order)|
|AgustaWestland AW109|| UK
|KN||2||Delivered on 14 July 2011.|
|Fixed Wing Aircraft (2)|
|Dornier 228 NG||Germany||MPA||NG||2||Delivered on 3 June 2013.|
|C-802||Anti Ship Missile||C-802A||China||BNS Osman|
|C-704||Anti Ship Missile||A||China||Castle Class and Durjoy Class|
|Otomat||Anti Ship Missile||Mk.2 Block IV||Italy||BNS Bangabandhu, received in 2000-01|
|Silkworm||Anti Ship Missile||SY-1 & HY-2||China||FAC(M)s|
|FM-90||Point Defence SAM System||N||China||BNS Bangabandhu|
|Type 92||Semi-automatic pistol||9mm||China||Standard issue sidearm.|
|Type 54||Semi-automatic pistol||7.62x25||China||In special Forces and reserve use.|
|SIG Sauer P226/228/229||Semi-automatic pistol||9mm||Germany||Switzerland|
|Type 56||Assault rifle||7.62mm||Bangladesh||Upgraded version of Ak-47. Produced under license by BOF.|
|BD-08||Assault rifle||7.62mm||Bangladesh||Produced under license by BOF.|
|Daewoo K2||Assault rifle||5.45mm||S.Korea||SWADS.|
|M24 sniper rifle||sniper rifle||7.62mm||USA||SWADS.|
|Heckler and Koch MP5||sub-machine gun||9mm||Germany|
|Daewoo K7||sub-machine gun||9mm||S.Korea|
|BD-08||Light machine gun||7.62mm||Bangladesh||Produced under license by BOF.|
|DShK||Heavy machine gun||12.7mm||Russia|
Marines and Special Forces
The Bangladesh Navy maintains a Special Operations unit known as the SWADS. On 27 dec 11, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina commissioned SWADS base as BNS Nirvik at Danger Char opposite to BNS Isa Khan. The current strength of the unit is classified.
Future Expansion Plan
Bangladesh has made a long term modernization plan for its Armed Forces named “Forces Goal 2030”. Under this goal, navy will be a three-dimensional deterrent force with operations in air, surface and under-water. At the same time it has a plan to increase its surface combat capability by adding more ships as well as upgrading the current fleet.
In recent years the navy has acquired three missile frigates (two 053H2 (Jianghu-III) Class and one Hamilton-Class), 4 missile Corvettes (two Castle Class and two Durjoy Class), 5 Indegenous built Padma Class patrol vessel and many auxiliary ships. Besides BNS Osman has been equipped with C-802A AShM and FM-90 SAM and BNS Bangabandhu, the most modern ship of Bangladesh Navy, equipped with maritime helicopter.
Recently Bangladesh ordered two Type 056 corvettes from China and two Incheon Class corvettes from South Korea. The navy has a plan for replacing its age old Fast Attack Craft (Missile) fleet by 2021. Another US Coastguard Cutter is going to join Bangladesh Navy service by next year.
In 2013, Bangladesh Navy has commissioned five indegenous patrol vessel built by Khulna Shipyard. There are plans to build bigger ships in the future.
- "About Bangladesh Navy". Bangladesh Navy. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Bangladesh Navy - Modernization". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Navy being upgraded as a global standard force: PM". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. 27 December 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "PM: Navy to get two submarines by 2015". Dhaka Tribune. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Bangladesh Navy Official website
- "Farid Habib new Navy chief". bdnews24.com. 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "PM hopes to buy submarine". The Daily Star. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Forces Goal 2030 to be implemented in four phases: PM". New Age. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- [: http://www.uscgnews.com/go/doc/4007/1783027/]
- [: http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/reply/17019]
- [: http://newagebd.com/detail.php?date=2013-02-05&nid=39135]
- Official site of Bangladesh navy
- Official site of Bangladesh Coast Guard
- Bangladesh Military Forces Website
- Bangladesh Navy Photo Gallery
- Bangladesh Navy on Virtual Bangladesh