Bangladesh Public Service Commission
|Formation||December 22, 1977|
|Type||Quasi Judicial Body, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh|
|Legal status||Constitutional Organization|
|A.T. Ahmedul Huq Choudhury, ppm|
|306 Million Taka|
Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ পাবলিক সার্ভিস কমিশন a.k.a বাংলাদেশ সরকারি কর্ম কমিশন) is a quasi judicial body established in 1972 under the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. It works under the provisions of the Article 137 - 141 of the Constitution of Bangladesh and certain other rules and regulations made by the government from time to time. It works to help Govt. to establish an appropriate civil service for the 21st century through selection of capable & efficient officials for the Republic who would be endowed with high level of integrity and dynamism. It would generate its resources and energy for selecting suitable candidates for the services of the Republic, to help the govt. in formulating a welfare oriented service condition for its employees, and to help the govt. in maintaining discipline in the service.
Bangladesh Public Service Commission a constitutional body established primarily to recruit persons for various services and posts in the government. It is also involved in decision processes relating to other service matters such as promotion, posting, transfer, discipline, and appeal of the government servants. The main purpose of constituting such a body, designated in most countries of British heritage as 'civil' or 'public' service commission, is to ensure that all decisions relating to recruitment and other service matters are made consistent with the principles of merit and equity. In Bangladesh, this body is presently designated as the Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC). A commission called Public Service Commission was first established in India in 1926, when it was entrusted with functions almost similar to those of its British counterpart in London, particularly in matters of recruitment of public servants of the central government of British India. Similar provincial level commissions were subsequently established, including the Bengal Public Service Commission in 1937, following the formation of responsible governments in the provinces in pursuance of provisions made in the Government of India Act, 1919, and thereafter in the Government of India Act, 1935. After the partition of India in 1947, replicas of the Public Service Commission in British India were created in Pakistan, both at central and provincial levels. Hence a body designated as Public Service Commission, Eastern Pakistan (renamed later East Pakistan Public Service Commission) came into being in East Bengal (later named East Pakistan) in August 1947. After the emergence of Bangladesh two separate commissions, namely the Public Service Commission (First), and the Public Service Commission (Second), were initially established in May 1972 under provisions made in President's Order No. 34 of 1972. But to give effect to the provisions on public service commissions in the constitution adopted in November 1972, a fresh Presidential Order (President's Order No. 25 of 1973) was promulgated in March 1973 which in effect formally regularized the establishment of the two commissions in existence since May 1972. However, in November 1977 the government promulgated another ordinance to establish a single commission in place of the existing two commissions, which, in effect, came into being on 22 December 1977 and was designated as Bangladesh Public Service Commission.
The Constitution of Bangladesh provides the fundamental law to construct The Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC), a quasi judicial body that works under the provisions of the Article 137 - 141 of the Constitution of Bangladesh and certain other rules and regulations made by the government from time to time. Bangladeshi Nationals are recruited through the provisions of the constitution from article 133 to 136  and article 29.
Administration & Organizational Structure
The Commission currently consists of a Chairman and 14 Members. The Chairman and such other members as shall be prescribed constitute the commission. There is also a full fledged Secretariat to assist the Commission. The Chief Justice of the country administers the oath for Chairman and the members of the commission. The tenure of the Chairman and members of the commission is 5 (five) years or 65 years of age whichever comes earlier. If the age permits the tenure can be renewed for one more term. The chairman and the members are appointed by the Hon'ble President of the Republic. BPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom along with the country’s higher judiciary and the Election Commission. The BPSC consists of the Commission and a Secretariat headed by the Chairman. While the Commission consists of the Chairman & Members, the Secretariat consists of a Secretary assisted by a Joint Secretary, Deputy secretaries, Assistant Secretaries and other related supporting staff. This is the main administrative setup of the commission.
There are other organs under the secretariat consisting of the Controllers of Examination, Chief Psychologist, Directors, Deputy Directors, Assistant Directors, Administrative Officers, Personal Officers and related other supporting staff who are engaged in assisting the commission in discharging their constitutional obligation.
There are 12 functional units under the Secretariat to assist the Commission in discharging their constitutional responsibilities. There is also a library and a research section. The research section prepares the Annual Report of the commission for submitting before the Hon'ble President. There is a computer section headed by a Senior System Analyst along with System Analyst, Programmer, Assistant Programmers and other related staff. The computer section performs a major role in processing the results of different examinations maintaining high standard of security and accuracy.
As of September, 2013, the Commission consists of a Chairman and 14 members and a secretary.
Mr. A.T. Ahmedul Huq Choudhury, ppm, an ex Inspector General of Police (IGP) joined Bangladesh Public Service Commission as Chairman on 27 November 2011. Prior to this He served as a member of BPSC from 23 June 2009.
The names of the members in order of appointment to the post are :
- Professor Rashida Begum
- Professor Emran Kabir Chowdhury
- Syed Hasinur Rahman
- Ekram Ahmed
- Professor Dr. Farida Adib Khanum, MBBS, M.Phil, WHO Fellow.
- Muhammad Liaquat Ali Khan, NDC
- Md. Wazed Ali Khan
- Md. Monirul Islam Talukdar
- Md. Zahurul Alam, NDC
- Professor Dr. Shariff Enamul Kabir
- Dr. Md. Tofazzal Hossain Tarafder
- Samar Chandra Paul
- Kamrunnesa Khanom
- Professor Dr. S. M. Anwara Begom
AKM Amir Hossain is serving as the secretary of BPSC Secretariat.
The BPSC annually submits a report of its work to the President of Bangladesh. Further it is sent to Parliament of Bangladesh for discussion.The commission submits an annual report on the work done by it to the president.The president places the report of the commission before the parliament along with a memorandum with regard to the cases where the advice of the commission was not accepted and the reasons for such non-acceptance.
- Bangladesh Public Service Commission Official website
- Banglapedia – Bangladesh Public Service Commission
- Public Service Commission. "Civil Service of Bangladesh". Bangladesh Public Service Commission. Banglapedia. Retrieved 5 September 2006.