Bangladeshis

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Bangladeshis
বাংলাদেশী
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Total population
166 million approx.
2.28% of the world's population
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan 2,000,000 (2012)[1][2][3][4]
 Saudi Arabia 1,200,000 (2010)[5][6]
 UAE 700,000 (2013)[7]
 Malaysia 500,000 (2009)[8]
 UK 500,000 (2009)[9]
 Kuwait 230,000 (2008)[10]
 Oman 200,000 (2010)[11]
 Qatar 150,000 (2014)[12]
 USA 143,619 (2007)[13]
 Italy 113,811 (2013)[14]
 Bahrain 90,000 (2007)[15]
 Singapore 80,000 (2006)[16]
 Australia 52,920 (2011)[17]
 Maldives 40,000 (2008)[18]
 Canada 24,600 (2006)[19]
 Japan 15,000 (2008)[20]
 South Korea 13,600 (2013)[21]
 Greece 11,000[22]
 Spain 7,000[22]
 Germany 5,000[22]
 Brazil 1,000[22]
Languages
Bengali and Indigenous minority languages[23]
Religion
Islam 86% (incl. Cultural Muslims)[24]
Om.svg Hinduism 12%
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism 1%
Christianity[25] and others (such as Animists and non-religious) 0.4%.[26]

Bangladeshis (also spelled Bangladeshies[a] Bengali: বাংলাদেশী[27] [baŋlad̪eʃi]), or Bangladeshi people, are citizens of Bangladesh, regardless of origin or country of residence.[28] Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous with about 98% of the country's population being Bengali. The Chittagong Hill Tracts are home to most diverse indigenous peoples while few ethnic groups inhabiting in other regions. Today substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry exist in many different parts of the world as a result of emigration, notably in the Middle East, Pakistan, Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom and United States.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighbouring Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Garo (tribe), Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.

Bangladesh's tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census.[29] These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu.[29] The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.

There are small communities of Meitei people in the Sylhet district, which is close to the Meitei homeland across the border in Manipur, India.

Languages[edit]

Although Bangladesh is home to 38 different languages, Bengali (Bangla) serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, though not having official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Bangladesh.[30][31]

The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages, notably Chakma and Shantali. The languages of those region are members of the Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, and Dravidian families.

Religion[edit]

The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims and constitute 86% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 12%; Buddhists, Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not constitute only 1% of the total population.[32] Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. According to a government-published article, atheism is extremely rare.[33]

Culture[edit]

Main article: Culture of Bangladesh

Diaspora[edit]

Main article: Bangladeshi diaspora

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Constitution of Bangladesh use the spelling Bangladeshies,[28] while Bangladeshi is the more popularly used spelling.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Five million illegal immigrants residing in Pakistan". Express Tribune. 
  2. ^ "Homeless In Karachi". Outlook. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  3. ^ "Falling back". Daily Times. 17 December 2006. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  4. ^ van Schendel, Willem (2005). The Bengal Borderland: Beyond State and Nation in South Asia. Anthem Press. p. 250. ISBN 9781843311454. 
  5. ^ Asians in the Middle East
  6. ^ http://newsnextbd.com/bangladesh-to-send-2-million-workers-to-saudi-arabia/
  7. ^ "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses". Migration Information Source. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Malaysia cuts Bangladeshi visas BBC News (BBC) (11 March 2009). Retrieved on 12 March 2009.
  9. ^ Resident Population Estimates by Ethnic Group. statistics.gov.uk
  10. ^ Bangladeshis storm Kuwait embassy BBC News (24 April 2005).
  11. ^ Oman lifts bar on recruitment of Bangladeshi workers Dhaka, Monday, Dec 10 2007 IST.
  12. ^ Qatar´s population by nationality bq magazine (7 December 2014).
  13. ^ http://www.nrbvoice.org/bangladesh-2/population
  14. ^ In pursuit of happiness. Korea Herald (8 October 2012). Retrieved on 2015-04-27.
  15. ^ Bangladesh–Bahrain Bilateral Relations. banglaembassy.com.bh
  16. ^ Bangladeshis in Singapore. High Commission of Bangladesh in Singapore
  17. ^ Australian Government – Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Bangladeshi Australians". Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  18. ^ Maldives to recruit Bangladeshi worker, SATURDAY, 02 AUGUST 2008.
  19. ^ 2006 Census Topic-based tabulations Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data – Statistics Canada.
  20. ^ 国籍別外国人登録者数の推移 (Change in number of registered foreigners by nationality), Japan: National Women's Education Centre, 2005, retrieved 8 April 2008 
  21. ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《2013년도 출입국통계연보》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2013, p. 290, retrieved 5 June 2014 
  22. ^ a b c d IRIN Asia | BANGLADESH: Migrants fare badly in Italy | Bangladesh | Economy | Migration. Irinnews.org (29 October 2010). Retrieved on 2015-04-27.
  23. ^ Ethnologue. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 9 August 2012.
  25. ^ Bangladesh. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 27 April 2015.
  26. ^ Bangladesh: Country Profile. Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS)
  27. ^ "৬। নাগরিকত্ব -- গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশের সংবিধান". Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  28. ^ a b "The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh: 6. Citizenship". Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  29. ^ a b Ethnic and Linguistic Diversity, Bangladesh: A Country Study, Edited by James Heitzman and Robert Worden, Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989.
  30. ^ Ethnologue.
  31. ^ Sucess of English language in Bangladesh rec. Scribd.com. Retrieved on 27 April 2015.
  32. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  33. ^ "Bangladesh". State.gov. Retrieved 16 August 2013.