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President Ziaur Rahman Bangladesh.jpg
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Maulana Bhasani.jpg
Muhammad Yunus - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
Humyun ahmed signing a book.jpg
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Qudrat e Khuda.jpg
Shakib fielding, 23 January, 2009, Dhaka SBNS.jpg
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Dr. Kamal Hossain in front of Bangladesh Supreme Court.PNG
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Total population
166 million approx.
2.28% of the world's population
Regions with significant populations
 Bangladesh 15,000,000[1]
 Saudi Arabia ~ 1,000,000
 United Arab Emirates ~ 1,090,000[2]
 United Kingdom ~ 500,000[3]
 Malaysia ~ 500,000[4]
 Kuwait ~ 150,000[5]
 United States ~ 143,619[6]
 Bahrain ~ 120,000
 Oman ~ 115,000[7]
 Australia 52,920[8]
 Canada 34,205[9]
 Italy ~ 35,000[10]
   Nepal ~ 23,000[11]
 South Korea ~ 13,600[12]
 Japan ~ 11,000[13]
Bengali and Indigenous minority languages[14]
Allah-green.svg Islam 86% (incl. Cultural Muslims)[15]
Om.svg Hinduism 12%
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism 1%
Christianity[16] and others (such as Animists and non-religious) 0.4%.[17]

Bangladeshi people or Bangladeshis (বাংলাদেশী) are citizens of Bangladesh and their descendants. Bangladesh is ethnically homogeneous. Indeed, its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the country's population. They possess a rich culture and a language of their own called Bengali (বাংলা Bangla). The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh and North Bengal divisions are home to diverse indigenous peoples. Today substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry exist in many different parts of the world as a result of emigration, notably in the Middle East, Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom and United States. However, There is a difference between Bangladeshi and Indian Bengalis. Bangladeshi's ancestry can be rooted back to Persia and Indo-Aryans compared to most Indian Bengali's being Dravidian.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Garo (tribe), Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.

Bangladesh's tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census.[18] These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu.[18] The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.

There are small communities of Meitei people in the Sylhet district, which is close to the Meitei homeland across the border in Manipur, India.


Although Bangladesh is home to 38 different languages, Bengali (Bangla) serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, though not having official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Bangladesh.[19][20]

The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages, notably Chakma and Shantali. The languages of those region are members of the Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, and Dravidian families.


The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims and constitute 89.5% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 9.6%; Buddhists, Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not constitute only 0.9% of the total population.[21] Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. According to a government-published article, atheism is extremely rare.[22]


Main article: Culture of Bangladesh


Main article: Bangladeshi diaspora

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rudnick, Anja (2009). Working Gendered Boundaries: Temporary Migration Experiences of Bangladeshi Women in the Malaysian Export Industry from a Multi-Sited Perspective. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 49–51. ISBN 978-9056295608.
  2. ^ "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses". Migration Information Source. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Channel S, working for the community". Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "Bangladeshis storm Kuwait embassy". BBC News. 2005-04-24. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  6. ^ US Census 2000 foreign born population by country
  7. ^ Hasan, Rafiq (November 20, 2003). "4,000 Bangladeshis to return from Oman in December". The Daily Star 4 (176). Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  8. ^ Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Bangladeshi Australians". Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  10. ^ UNB, Dhaka (2004-05-19). "The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 4 Num 344". Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  11. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: ben". Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  12. ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《2013년도 출입국통계연보》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2013, p. 290, retrieved 2014-06-05 
  13. ^ [国籍別外国人登録者数の推移]
  14. ^ Ethnologue. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  15. ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012.
  16. ^ Bangladesh
  17. ^ [2] Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS)
  18. ^ a b Ethnic and Linguistic Diversity, Bangladesh: A Country Study, Edited by James Heitzman and Robert Worden, Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989.
  19. ^ Ethnologue.
  20. ^
  21. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 2014-12-22. 
  22. ^ "Bangladesh". Retrieved 2013-08-16.