Bangladeshi American

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Bangladeshi American
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Total population
147,300
0.048% of U.S. Population (2010)
(includes Multiracial Bangladeshis)
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion

Bangladeshi Americans are Americans of Bangladeshi descent. The majority of Bangladeshi Americans are Bengalis, and a minority are from indigenous Jumma people or Pahari people. Many immigrated from Chittagong, and Sylhet, regions with a long trading and seafaring history. Bangladeshi immigrants arrived in the United States especially since the early 1970s to become among the fastest growing ethnic communities that decade. New York City, Paterson in New Jersey, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., Boston, Atlanta, Detroit, Chicago, Miami, Dallas, Houston, North Carolina, Seattle, and Hamtramck, Michigan are home to notable Bangladeshi communities.

History[edit]

Immigration to the United States from Bangladesh grew slowly from the 1970s-80s. However during the early 1970s, the number of Bangladeshi immgrants increased during the peak of 1991, with more than a thousand annually. Many of the migrants settled in urban areas such as New York City and Paterson, New Jersey; as well as Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago, and Detroit. Some authorities claimed that a number of these people were illegal immigrants, around 100 were deported under the 1996 immigration act, by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). In New York, it was estimated that 10,000 Bangladeshis resided in the city. During the late 1970s, some Bangladeshis moved from New York City to Detroit, home to prominent communities of other Muslim Americans, in search of better work opportunities and an affordable cost of living,[4] but most have since returned from Detroit to New York and to Paterson, New Jersey. The community formed newspaper organizations. The Los Angeles Bangladesh Association was created in 1971, and there were 500 members of the Texas Bangladesh Association in 1997. The Bangladeshi population in Dallas was 5,000 people in 1997, which was large enough to hold the Baishakhi Mela event.[5] Many of these Bangladeshis were taxicab drivers, while others had white-collar occupations.[6]

Sears Tower (now Willis Tower), was designed by Fazlur Rahman Khan. It was the tallest building in the world for over two decades.

Demographics[edit]

The New York City Metropolitan Area is home to by far the largest Bangladeshi population in the United States.[7][8][9]
Paterson, New Jersey is home to the second largest Bangladeshi American population, after New York City.[8]

The 2000 census undertaken by the Census Bureau listed 57,412 people identifying themselves as having Bangladeshi origin.[10] Almost 50% of Bangladeshis over the age of 25 had at least a Bachelor's degree as compared to less than 25% of the United States population.

The New York City Metropolitan Area, including New York City and Paterson, New Jersey, is home to the largest Bangladeshi community in the United States, receiving by far the highest legal permanent resident Bangladeshi immigrant population.[1] The Bangladeshi community in New York City was spread out in the Jackson Heights neighborhood within the New York City borough of Queens. 74th Street has most of the Bangladeshi grocery stores and clothing stores in Jackson Heights. The Bangladesh Plaza hosts numerous Bangladeshi businesses and cultural events. Recently, one part of Jackson Heights has become the open platform of all sorts of protests and activism. Interestingly most of the cab drivers belong to Bangladesh National Party (BNP) and Awami League branch of New York City. The neighboring communities of Jackson Heights, Woodside, and Elmhurst in Queens also similarly became attractive areas to live for Bangladeshi Americans.

Since the 1970s, thousands of Bangladeshis were able to legally migrate to the USA through the Diversity Visa Program/ lottery. Many initiated a migration to Jamaica, Queens. Continuous movement of Bangladeshis to Jamaica has made some parts extensively Bangladeshi majority zone. Centering around 169 street and Hillside Avenue, the neighborhood has become a popular zone due to the large number of restaurants and groceries. Sagar Restaurant, Gharoa, Deshi Shaad, Kabir's Bakery are attractions for the Bangladeshi communities all over the city. The largest numbers of Bangladeshi Americans now live in Jamaica, Hollis, and Briarwood in Queens. Another reason for popular settlement is the pharmaceutical companies existing on Long Island, New York; there are quite a large number of Bangladeshi-owned pharmaceutical companies in Nassau County and Suffolk County on Long Island employing many people of Bangladeshi origin.

Paterson, New Jersey is home a significant Bangladeshi American population,[11][12] the second largest after New York City. Many Bangladeshi grocery stores and clothing stores are locating in the emerging Little Bangladesh on Union Avenue and the surrounding streets in Paterson, as well as a branch of the Sonali Exchange Company Inc., a subsidiary of Sonali Bank, the largest state-owned financial institution in Bangladesh. Masjid Al-Ferdous is also located on Union Avenue, which accommodates Paterson's rapidly growing Bangladeshi pedestrian population.

New York statistics:

  • 1970 census:
  • 2000 census:
    • Total population: 28,269
    • High concentration: Queens—18,310 people (65%), Brooklyn—6,243 (22%), Bronx—2,442 (9%), Manhattan—1,204 (4%), Staten Island—70 (0.2%)
    • Population growth rate from 1970-2000: 471%
    • Foreign-born population: 23,157 (85%)
    • Limited English Proficiency: 14,840 (60%)
    • Median Household Income: $31,537
    • People Living in Poverty: 8,312
    • Percentage of people in poverty: 31%

The majority of Bangladeshi immigrants are between 10–39 years of age; 62% are men. Mainly men immigrated due to employment opportunity differences. Approximately 50% of men and 60% of women are married upon arrival to the United States. Statistics show that Bangladeshis tend to vote for the Democratic Party.[14][verification needed]

Notable Bangladeshi Americans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  2. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  3. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  4. ^ Kershaw, Sarah (8 March 2001). "Queens to Detroit: A Bangladeshi Passage". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People. By David M. Reimers. page 198-200.
  6. ^ The North American Muslim Resource Guide : Muslim Community Life in the United States and Canada. By Mohamed Nimer. page 33.
  7. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  8. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  9. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  10. ^ Jessica S. Barnes; Claudette E. Bennett (February 2002). "The Asian Population: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Archived from the original on 23 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  11. ^ Joe Malinconico and Charlie Kratovil (2012-05-09). "Paterson's Bengali Community Takes Pride in Akhtaruzzaman's Upset Victory". The Alternative Press. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  12. ^ Nick Clunn (2012-05-09). "Update: Bangladeshi-Americans score a first with Paterson Council election". North Jersey Media Group. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  13. ^ Salaam America: South Asian Muslims in New York. By Aminah Mohammad-Arif. page 33-35.
  14. ^ Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups. By Stephan Thernstrom, Ann Orlov, Oscar Handlin. page 173-174.
  15. ^ http://www.udel.edu/PR/UDaily/01-02/banerjee.html
  16. ^ http://www.odu.edu/ao/news/index.php?todo=details&id=32201
  17. ^ http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=ntt_athr_dp_sr_1?_encoding=UTF8&sort=relevancerank&search-alias=books&ie=UTF8&field-author=Badrul%20Huda%20Khan
  18. ^ http://www.aacr.org/home/scientists/travel-grants/minority-serving-institution-faculty-scholar-awards/past-msi-faculty-scholars/2010-minority-serving-institution-faculty-scholar-in-cancer-research.aspx

External links[edit]