- This article is about people from Bangladesh as an ethnic identity and nation. For information on the population of Bangladesh, see Demographics of Bangladesh.
|166 million approx.
2.28% of the world's population
|Regions with significant populations|
|Bangladesh:163,654,860 (July 2013 est.)|
|Saudi Arabia||~ 1,000,000|
|United Arab Emirates||~ 1,090,000|
|United Kingdom||~ 500,000|
|United States||~ 143,619|
|South Korea||~ 130,000|
|Bengali, Bengali dialects, English and Indigenous minority languages|
| Islam 89%
Buddhism and Christianity – 1% and others (such as Animists and non-religious) 0.1%.
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Bangladeshi people or Bangladeshis (Bengali: বাংলাদেশী জাতি Bangadeshi jati or Bengali: বাংলাদেশী ) are people who are citizens of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous. Indeed, its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the population. They possess a rich culture and a language of their own called Bengali (বাংলা Bangla). The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh and North Bengal divisions are home to diverse indigenous peoples. Today Substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry, as a result of emigration, exist in many different parts of the world, most notably in United Kingdom, Middle East, Southeast Asia and North America. Population estimates vary from a conservative 7 million to 10 million diaspora.
The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Garo (tribe), Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.
Bangladesh's tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census. These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu. The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.
Although Bangladesh is home to 38 different languages, Bengali serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, though not having official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the de-facto co-official language of Bangladesh.
The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages, notably Chakma and Shantali. The languages of those region are members of the Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, and Dravidian families.
The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims constitute 90.4% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 8.2%, and Buddhists, Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not are the remainders. Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. According to a government-published article, atheism is extremely rare.
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