Bangor Theological Seminary
Bangor Theological Seminary Historic District
Bangor Theological Seminary, early 1900s
|Location||Union St., Bangor, Maine|
|Area||7.5 acres (3 ha)|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian, Federal, Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||77000080|
|Added to NRHP||August 2, 1977|
Located in Bangor, Maine, and Portland, Maine, Bangor Theological Seminary is an ecumenical seminary, founded in 1814, in the Congregational tradition of the United Church of Christ. It is the only accredited graduate school of religion in Northern New England 
The seminary has campuses in Bangor and Portland, Maine. Its primary mission is preparation for Christian ministry (now general theological education). Graduate programs have included the Master of Divinity, Master of Arts and Doctor of Ministry degrees. The school is accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, New England Association of Schools and Colleges, and Maine Board of Education. Bangor Theological Seminary is an official Open and affirming seminary.
The school closed in May 2013.
Bangor Theological Seminary was originally of a much more conservative tradition/philosophy than it is today. Led by a group of Congregational ministers and lay leaders who wanted to create a center of theological study in northern New England, the Society for Theological Education met on July 27, 1811, in Portland to establish a school. Jonathan Fisher, a founding trustee, described the urgency and importance of the school's mission:
- "I am strongly adverse to an unlearned ministry, but if in this district we wait to be supplied from other institutions, I am fully persuaded that the ground would be preoccupied by Sectarians, many of whom will not only be unlearned, but very unlearned."
Granted a charter on February 25, 1814, by the Great and General Court of Massachusetts, the seminary briefly found a home in Hampden, before moving to its Bangor location in 1819. It sold its historic campus several years ago.
The seminary began to assume its present shape under the leadership of the Reverend Enoch Pond. A noted scholar and writer, Pond joined the faculty in 1833, became president in 1856, and remained in that capacity until his death in 1882.
Today, Bangor Theological Seminary has academic programs leading to the Master of Divinity degree, the Master of Arts degree (no longer offered), and the Doctor of Ministry degree. The seminary is ecumenical in nature, with over a dozen religious traditions represented among students and faculty. One of seven United Church of Christ seminaries in the United States, it is the only accredited theological institution in northern New England.
- Elias Bond (1813–1896), Missionary to Hawaii
- Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Governor, Civil War general
- David H. Cyr, Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the U.S. Air Force
- Daniel Dole (1808–1878), Missionary to Hawaii, and founder of Punahou School
- Edward Eaton, President of Beloit College
- Samuel C. Fessenden, U.S. Congressman
- Cyrus Hamlin, Founder of Robert College (Istanbul)
- Daniel Collamore Heath, Publisher
- Charles Henry Howard, Civil War general and editor
- John Davis Paris (1809–1892), Missionary to Hawaii
- Arthur B. Patten, Minister and hymn-writer
- Edward Pond Parker, Minister, and confidante of Mark Twain
- Minot Judson Savage, Minister, author, and spiritualist
- Elkanah Walker, Missionary and early settler in Oregon
- David Atwood Wasson, Minister and transcendentalist
- Jehudi Ashmun, later a founder of Liberia
- William H. Barbour, later Pastor of Yale College, 1877–87
- Frank W. Clelland, later President of Gammon Theological Seminary
- Samuel Harris, later President of Bowdoin College, 1867-7
- John Russell Herrick, later President of Pacific University and the University of South Dakota
- Burton H. Throckmorton Jr., Pastor and Professor
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- MacDonald, G. Jeffrey (23 December 2012). "Who's filling America's church pews". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "ONA Churches and Settings," The United Church of Christ (UCC) Coalition for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Concerns website. "http://www.ucccoalition.org/programs/ona/who/list/." Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- From the 2007-2008 Catalog http://catalog.bts.edu
- Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette co. pp. 72–74.