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The term Bangsamoro refers to a people who are natives of the Sulu archipelago, parts of Mindanao, and parts of Palawan in the Philippines, and parts of Sabah in neighboring Malaysia at the time of conquest or colonization. It comes from the Malay word bangsa, meaning nation or people, and the Spanish word moro, from the Spanish word for Moor, the Reconquista-period term used for Muslims.
Bangsamoro covers the provinces of Basilan, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, and Zamboanga Sibugay; and the cities of Cotabato, Dapitan, Dipolog, General Santos, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, Puerto Princesa, and Zamboanga.
Bangsamoro has originally evolved from the Spanish colonialist as early as 1570 when they saw the Muslims in the Philippines practiced Islam much in the same way their arch enemies- Moors of Spain and called the local Muslims as Moro. Around 1970, Sultan Rashid Lucman and the Blackshirts belonging to the Top 90 adopted to name their organizations respectively as Bangsa Moro Liberation Organization (BMLO) and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), later MILF adopted it too in 1978. Moro student activists in 1984, despite opposition of Islamists because of its origin from Spanish colonists bravely employed its use in their organizations and writings.
The use of Bangsamoro was a combination of Moro and Nation (Bangsa). It connoted the solidarity of the people as a nation. It rekindled the spirit to seek nationhood and statehood and struggle to establish an independent Islamic state in this area in which Sharia is enacted. According to Hashim Salamat the Moro people comprise by the Maguindanaoan, the Maranao and Tausug.
In January 1987, the MNLF accepted the Philippine government's offer of semi-autonomy of the regions in dispute, subsequently leading to the establishment of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. The MILF, however, refused to accept this offer and continued their insurgency operations. A general cessation of hostilities between the government in Manila and the MILF was signed in July 1997 but this agreement was abolished in 2000 by the Philippine Army under the administration of Philippine President Joseph Estrada. In response, the MILF declared a jihad (strived and struggled) against the government, its citizens and supporters. Under President Gloria Arroyo, the government entered into a cease-fire agreement with the MILF and resumed peace talks.
In 2010, President Aquino of the Republic of the Philippines resumed the 6th Peace talks between the MILF and the Philippine government.
On October 15, 2012, the historic GPH-MILF framework agreement was signed by chief negotiator for the GPH Marvic Leonen, MILF peace panel chair Mohagher Iqbal, and Malaysian facilitator Tengku Dato’ Ab Ghafar Tengku Mohamed with President Benigno Aquino III, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia, Chairman Al Haj Murad Ebrahim of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and Secretary-General Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation in attendance at the Malacañan Palace in Manila, Philippines. This document outlines general agreements on major issues, including the extent of power, revenues and territory granted for a new Muslim autonomous region to be called Bangsamoro.
See also 
- Bangsamoro (political entity)
- Sabah dispute
- Muslim Filipino
- Peace process with the Bangsamoro in the Philippines
- "GRP-MILF draft pact on Bangsamoro homeland". Philippine Daily Inquirer. April 8, 2008.
Further reading 
- Abhoud Syed M. Lingga. "The Philippine-Bangsamoro Conflict". [http://www.islamicfinder.org/getitWorld.php?id=52853 Institute of Bangsamoro Studies in Cotabatao City, Philippines. Scribd.