Bangsamoro (political entity)

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This article is about the proposed autonomous political entity within the Philippines. For the unrecognized breakaway state, see Bangsamoro Republik.
Bangsamoro
بانجسامورو
Proposed Political entity
Political map of Bangsamoro
Political map of Bangsamoro
Country  Philippines
Projected establishment before 2016
Government
 • Type Parliamentary system
 • Wāli To be selected (2016)
 • Chief Minister To be selected (2016)
 • Deputy Chief Minister To be selected (2016)
 • Legislature Bangsamoro Assembly
Demonym Bangsamoro
Time zone PST (UTC+8)

Bangsamoro is a proposed autonomous political entity within the Philippines. The proposal is part of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro, a preliminary peace agreement signed between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the government.

History[edit]

The new entity is intended to supersede the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), which President Benigno Aquino III described as a "failed experiment". This new political entity seeks to bring closure to the 15-year peace process between the Philippine government and the Moro people in the Mindanao.[1]

On October 15, 2012, the historic preliminary agreement was signed by Government's chief negotiator Marvic Leonen, MILF Peace Panel Chair Mohagher Iqbal (nom de guerre[2]), and Malaysian facilitator Tengku Dato’ Ab Ghafar Tengku Mohamed along with President Aquino, Prime Minister Najib Razak of Malaysia, Chairman Al-Hajj Murad Ebrahim of the MILF, and Secretary-General Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation at the Malacañang Palace in Manila.[3] This document outlines general agreements on major issues, including the extent of power, revenues and territory granted for the new Muslim autonomous region.[4][5]

The Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro was signed at Malacañang in March 27, 2014 as witnessed by leaders and members of MILF and the Philippine government, as well as by Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, whose country served as the third-party negotiator in the peace talks.[6]

Possible delay on the BBL[edit]

Main article: Mamasapano clash

On January 25, 2015, 44 members of the Special Action Force were killed after the killing of Malaysian terrorist Zulkifli Abdhir aka Marwan, by allegedly the MILF and BIFF. Sen. Ferdinand Marcos, Jr., Chairman of the Committee on Local Government in the Senate suspend the hearings on the BBL due to the bloody encounter, while Sen. Alan Peter Cayetano and JV Ejercito withdrew as an author in the BBL bill.

Dozens have been killed in the fighting, including 44 police commandos, 17 MILF rebels and three civilians. [7]

Comparisons[edit]

Body Flag of the ARMM.png Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Bangsamoro  Philippines (Central Government only)
Constitutional Document Organic Act Bangsamoro Basic Law Constitution of the Philippines
Head of State / Territory Regional Governor of ARMM Wāli President of the Philippines
Head of Government Regional Governor Chief Minister
Executive ARMM Executive Department Bangsamoro Executive Department Executive Department
Legislative Regional Legislative Assembly Bangsamoro Assembly Bicameral: Senate and Congress
Judiciary None (under Philippine government) To be determined (Planned) Supreme Court
Legal Supervisory
or Prosecution
None (under Philippine government) Planned (before 2016) Department of Justice
Police Force(s) Philippine National Police;
under the Central Government
Philippine National Police
Military Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP);
under the Central Government
Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP)
Currency Philippine peso Philippine peso
Official Language(s) Filipino and English Filipino and English
Foreign relations None full rights
Shariah law Yes, for Muslims only None, secular law

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]