Bani Suheila

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Bani Suheila
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بني سهيلا
Official logo of Bani Suheila
Municipal Logo of Bani Suheila
Bani Suheila is located in the Palestinian territories
Bani Suheila
Bani Suheila
Location of Bani Suheila within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°20′34.00″N 34°19′31.24″E / 31.3427778°N 34.3253444°E / 31.3427778; 34.3253444Coordinates: 31°20′34.00″N 34°19′31.24″E / 31.3427778°N 34.3253444°E / 31.3427778; 34.3253444
Governorate Khan Yunis
Government
 • Type City
 • Head of Municipality 5.1
Area
 • Jurisdiction 5,170 dunams (5.17 km2 or 2.00 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 33,767
Website www.banisuhaila.org

Bani Suheila (Arabic: بني سهيلا‎) is a Palestinian town in the Southern Gaza Strip part of the Khan Yunis Governorate.

History[edit]

The history of these towns goes back to Canaanite, Philistine, and Roman times. Before 1948, these towns boasted numerous khans (inns) for travelers. Khan Yunis owes its name to a Mamluk official who built its large khan in the 14th century.[citation needed]

For centuries, the coastal area was a main thoroughfare between Egypt and the Mediterranean coast, used by traders and conquering armies alike. The trade route through Gaza to Egypt brought great economic advantage to the area. In previous centuries, the lack of restricting borders enabled unobstructed communication and travel and the intermixing of influences and styles, especially among the Bedouin tribes. This rich agricultural area prospered by settled Bedouin tribes that became active in regional trade on routes connecting Egypt, the Levant, and Arabia. Many families benefited from the increase in regional trade and became large land owners during this time. During Ottoman rule the Al Qarra clan became the largest land owning family in Southern Gaza due to their vast trade networks.[citation needed]

Bani Suheila was marked Maatadieh Village on Jacotin’s map surveyed during Napoleon's 1799 invasion.[1]

In 1863, the French explorer Victor Guérin found Bani Suheila to have about 1300 inhabitants.[2]

As recorded in 1886, Bani Suheila was a large village counting one hundred and twenty huts, partly built of stone, partly of adobe, and surrounded by gardens of water-melons, figs, palms, jummez, apricots and legumes. In the north a good but deep well, worked by a camel, supplied the town with drinking water. Near the town, in Sheikh Yusuf several ancient remains, including small twisted marble columns and building stones were found.[3]

British era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bani Suheila had a population of 1,043, all Muslim,[4] increasing in the 1931 census to 2,063, still all Muslims, in 406 houses.[5]

At the end of the Mandate period, in 1945, Bani Suheila had a population of 3,220, all Arabs, with 11,128 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[6] Of this, 54 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 10,639 used for cereals,[7] while 97 dunams were built-up land.[8]

post 1948[edit]

During the night of August 31, 1955, Israeli armed forces attacked Bani Suheila.[9] On April 5, 1956 Israeli artillery shelled the town.[10]

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics the population of Bani Suheila had grown to 32,800 people in mid-year 2006.[11][12] The city is currently under Hamas administration.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 173
  2. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 251
  3. ^ Schumacher, 1886, p. 192
  4. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 8
  5. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 2
  6. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 45
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 86
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 136
  9. ^ al-Sayyid Muḥammad ʻAlī Nawfal (1965) Israel's crime record Information Dept. p. 28
  10. ^ Morris, 1993, p. 388
  11. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics Projected Mid -Year Population for Khan Yunis Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006
  12. ^ A Survey of Palestine: Prepared in December 1945 and January 1946 for the Information of the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry By Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Jewish Problems in Palestine and Europe, United Nations General Assembly. Special Committee on Palestine Published by Institute for Palestine Studies, 1991 ISBN 0-88728-211-3 p 132

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]