Bani Walid

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Bani Walid
بني وليد
city
Bani Walid during the Libyan Civil War
Bani Walid during the Libyan Civil War
Bani Walid is located in Libya
Bani Walid
Bani Walid
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 31°46′N 13°59′E / 31.767°N 13.983°E / 31.767; 13.983
Country  Libya
Region Tripolitania
District Werfalla
Elevation[1] 837 ft (255 m)
Population (2013)[2]
 • Total 200,000
Time zone UTC +2

Bani Walid (Anglicized: /ˈbæn wɑːˈld/; Arabic: بني وليدBanī Walīd, Libyan pronunciation: [ˈbæni wæˈliːd]) is a town in Libya.

Prior to 2007, it was the capital of Bani Walid District. Bani Walid has an airport.

Under the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, it was divided into two Basic People's Congresses: Dahra - Bani Walid (الظهرة – بني وليد), and Zaytouna - Bani Walid (الزيتونة – بني وليد).

It is the home to the Warfalla tribe, the only city in which only one tribe resides. A campus of Misrata University is located in Bani Walid.[3][4]

Libyan civil war[edit]

Main article: Battle of Bani Walid

In the Libyan civil war, after the anti-Gaddafi forces captured Tripoli in August and Sabha in September, Bani Walid, along with Sirte, was one of two final strongholds held by forces loyal to the ousted Gaddafi regime. There were clashes between anti-Gaddafi forces surrounding the city and Gaddafi loyalists defending it throughout September and early October; the city was finally taken on 17 October.[5][6][7]

Finnish company Perusyhtymä (today YIT) constructed in the 1980s a factory in the city used for the assembly of rifles and possibly other weapons. NATO reported that it had hit two “command hubs” in the city and one ammunition dump. It is possible that the latter had originally been built by Finns. 200 Finnish engineers and other experts worked in Bani Walid. Some had their families in the area. The "dirty jobs" were done by ca 2,000 cheap labourers from the Philippines.[8]

In Finland the media found out the construction of the weapon factory in 1994 and 2011. In the 1980s Libya was the second-largest country of export for the Finnish construction industry right after the Soviet Union. In the early 1980s Finns had about 20 major construction projects in Libya. In addition to weapon factory other Finnish constructions include streets in Tripoli and the entire oil city of Ras Lanuf. A large number of Libyan architects have been trained with Finnish help. Construction export became more difficult after the UN set up a trade embargo in 1992. As late as 2008 a shopping complex designed by Finns was being built [9]

Post-civil war violence[edit]

On 23 January 2012, around 100-150 local fighters attacked the main NTC army base in Bani Walid, killing eight NTC fighters and wounding at least 20 others.[10][11] On 25 January 2012, Libya's defense Minister recognized the newly formed local tribal council, which overthrew the local NTC council, as the new authority of Bani Walid.[12]

In October 2012, a successful and controversial armed campaign to recapture the city was launched.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfram Alpha
  2. ^ World Gazetteer. "Libya: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  3. ^ University Profile, Misrata University website, accessed 13 February 2011
  4. ^ RMJM Chosen to Work on Two University Campuses in Libya, The Tripoli Post, 7 September 2008
  5. ^ Stephen, Chris; Raufund, Abdul; Smith, David (10 September 2011). "Gaddafi's diehard secret police dig in as Nato jets blast desert stronghold". The Guardian (Tripoli). Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Stephen, Christopher; Derhally, Massoud A. (10 September 2011). "Libyan Fighters Suspend Qaddafi Attacks". Bloomberg. 
  7. ^ Malone, Barry (17 October 2011). "WRAPUP 4-NTC forces celebrate capture of Gaddafi bastion Bani Walid". Reuters Africa (Bani Walid). Reuters. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Libyan rebels search for Gaddafi in desert city partly built by FinnsWeapons factory camouflaged as a school Helsingin Sanomat 31.8.2011
  9. ^ Built by Finns - in Libya Helsingin Sanomat 7.11.2013
  10. ^ "'Pro-Kadhafi' attack kills four in Libya". Google News (Tripoli). Agence France-Presse. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Holmes, Oliver (24 January 2012). "UPDATE 1-Anger, chaos but no revolt after Libya violence". Reuters Africa (Bani Walid). Reuters. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "UPDATE 2-Libyan government concedes to restive town's demands". Reuters Africa (Tripoli). Reuters. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′N 13°59′E / 31.767°N 13.983°E / 31.767; 13.983