Baniwa language

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Not to be confused with Baniwa of Guainia.
Baniwa
Karu
Tapuya
Native to Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil
Ethnicity Baniwa people
Native speakers
12,000  (2001–2007)[1]
Arawakan
Dialects
Carútana-Baniwa
Hohôdene (Katapolitana)
Siusy-Tapuya (Seuci)
Ipeka-Tapuia
Curripaco (Karupaka)
Unhun (Katapolitana, Enhen)
Waliperi
Mapanai
Moriwene
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
bwi – Baniwa
kpc – Curripako

Baniwa (Baniva), or Karu, or in older sources Itayaine (Iyaine), is an Arawakan language spoken in Colombia, Venezuela, and Amazonas, Brazil.

Aikhenvald (1999) considers the three main varieties to be dialects; Kaufman (1994) considers them to be distinct languages, in a group he calls "Karu". They are:

  • Baniwa of Içana (Baniua do Içana)
  • Curripaco (Kurripako, Ipeka-Tapuia-Curripako)
  • Katapolítani-Moriwene-Mapanai (Catapolitani, Kadaupuritana)

Various (sub)dialects of all three are called Tapuya. All are spoken by the Baniwa people. Ruhlen lists all as "Izaneni"; Greenberg's Adzánani (= Izaneni) presumably belongs here.

Baniwa has an active–stative syntax.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baniwa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Curripako at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.