Banja Luka Stock Exchange

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Banja Luka Stock Exchange
Бањалучка берза
Banjalučka berza
Type Stock Exchange
Location Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates 44°46′N 17°11′E / 44.767°N 17.183°E / 44.767; 17.183
Founded May 9, 2001
Key people Milan Božić (CEO)
Currency BAM
Indexes BIRS
FIRS
ERS10
Website blberza.com

The Banja Luka Stock Exchange or BLSE (Serbian Cyrillic: Бањалучка берза, Serbian Latin: Banjalučka berza) is a stock exchange which operates in the city of Banja Luka in the Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[edit]

15 July 1998 - The adoption of The Law on Securities provided the necessary legal framework to establish the capital market of the Republika Srpska.

4 May 2000 - The National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska appointed the first members of Republika Srpska Securities Commission.

26 February 2001 - Established Central Registry of Securities (CRHoV).

9 May 2001 - Eight banks and one company trading in securities signed the Contract that established the Banja Luka Stock Exchange.

9 August 2001 - Republika Srpska Securities Commission issued working permit to Banja Luka Stock Exchange.

29 November 2001 - The first equity from the privatisation programme was registered in the Central Registry of Securities.

5 March 2002 - Signed contract on transfer of license between the Directorate for Privatisation and the BLSE that provided BLSE with electronic trading system (BTS) developed by the Ljubljana Stock Exchange (LJSE).

14 March 2002 - The first BLSE trading session took place, involving six Members that traded 20 listed securities.

12 September 2002 - The Law on Takeover came into force.

30 September 2002 - The BLSE and the LJSE signed Memorandum on cooperation and exchange of information.

10 December 2002 - A contract on regional co-operation in field of education and financial markets was signed with the Belgrade Stock Exchange.

24 January 2003 - The first session of The Listing Commission took place and stocks of 13 Privatisation Investment Funds admitted to the official market of the BLSE.

11 February 2003 - The first transactions concluded with shares of PIFs.

20 August 2003 - The first auction for state owned capital took a place on the BLSE

23 September 2003 - Shares of Rafinerija ulja a.d. Modriča were listed on the official market of the BLSE as the first company listed on official market in Bosnia.

27 April 2004 - The Stock Exchange Index of Republic of Srpska (BIRS) established.

29 July 2004 - Investment Funds Index of Republic of Srpska (FIRS) established.

29 December 2005 - The Index of the Power Utility Companies of Republic of Srpska (ERS10) established.

Strategy[edit]

The strategy of the Banja Luka Stock Exchange is to further improve quality and create cheaper services for its Members and to provide a transparent and fair trading environment for domestic and foreign issuers and investors. The BLSE will continue working at achieving the standard of services comparable with those prevailing on developed capital markets.

Objectives:

  • to protect the interest of investors;
  • to promote investment in securities;
  • to provide liquidity and "depth" in the capital market of the Republika Srpska
  • to introduce new financial instruments in the capital market of the Republika Srpska
  • to provide conditions for public companies to raise the capital required to finance their development plans
  • to promote the listing of securities issued by local companies
  • to attract foreign investors through use of promotional campaign to connect with regional capital market
  • to connect with regional capital market.

Official market[edit]

The official market is a prestigious part of the stock exchange market, where, apart from the general conditions, there are also requirements of specific conditions regarding the amount of equity, class diversification in public, business performance and objectivity of financial statements. With consideration of the level of development of the capital market of the Republika Srpska, the biggest number of securities from privatisation process is listed on the free market of the BLSE.

General conditions for listing securities on organised market are:

  • possibility to trade in an organised way with those securities
  • securities have been paid in full
  • freely transferable
  • issued in non material form.

On the official market those securities may be listed which apart from the general conditions meet the following criteria:

  • Years of existence: 3
  • Reality and objectivity of financial statements: Audited financial statements
  • Equity size: BAM 5,000,000 (BAM 1 = EUR 0.5113)
  • Min. size of class of shares: BAM 1,000,000
  • Class diversification in public: at least 15%
  • Number of shareholders: at least 50

Listing criteria for bonds:

  • Years of existence: 3
  • Reality and objectivity of financial statements: Audited financial statements
  • Issue nominal value: BAM 1,000,000

The bonds of the Republika Srpska can be admitted to the official market of the Stock Exchange with no specific conditions or restrictions.

Currently on the official market, PIFs segment, shares of 13 Privatisation Investment Funds are listed. In the next period it is expected that the best companies apply for admission to the official market of the BLSE.

Free market[edit]

The free market lists securities that meet all general conditions for listing. Securities are listed on the free market segment if required by the issuer or by the law. Shares from privatization process and publicly offered shares are listed on the free market after registration with the Central Registry of Securities. The number of shares listed on this market segment was 630 on June 31, 2003 according to the Stock Exchange Monitor (see links below), and it is expected to reach 830 after the registration of shares from privatization in the Central Registry of Securities has been completed.

Market capitalisation[edit]

BLSE market capitlaisation

Indexes[edit]

BIRS, an index of 12 leading shares on the stock exchange, including Telekom Srpske and Rafinerija ulja Modriča.

FIRS, an index of 13 privatisation-investment funds in Republika Srpska.

Clearing and settlement[edit]

The Central Registry of Securities for all members of the Central Registry takes on fulfillment of monetary liabilities and fulfillment of obligation to transfer securities arising from transactions concluded on the Stock Exchange or other regulated public market.

The Registry performs the following activities:

  • registration and maintenance of securities, i.e. information on securities, security ownership and all transactions transferring the ownership or other changes in the status of securities, both material and non material form
  • registration and maintenance of information defining the ownership or other rights incorporated, both in material and non material securities
  • record-keeping of the issuer accounts, i.e. accounts of security owners, and issuing of certificates on status and changes in those accounts
  • transfers, depositing, settlement and clearing activities arising from transactions with securities!

The Central Registry is a unique database on all securities that are traded on the securities market, and especially the database of those data pertaining to the registration of ownership and changes of ownership of the securities. This database has to include all securities. Transactions concluded on the BLSE are settled on T+3.

Foreign Investment Regulation and Taxation[edit]

A foreign investor has equal rights as a native investor concerning rights and liabilities and legal status in an enterprise. A foreign investor acquires the right on additional guaranties that are not granted to local persons since the Constitutions of the Republika Srpska prescribes that the right acquired by investment of capital shall not be reduced by the law or any other regulation and guarantees free expatriation of profit and of capital after the end of investment.

Forms of foreign investments in accordance with the Law as follows:

  • establishment of legal body fully owned by the foreign investor
  • establishment of legal body jointly owned by national and foreign investors
  • investments in existing legal bodies
  • special forms of investments.

According to the Law on Enterprises in the Republic of Srpska it is possible to establish:

Foreign persons may acquire shares and stocks. Stock company and limited liability company may be established with equity in form of money, goods or rights.

Members of the BLSE[edit]

  • Akcija broker a.d. Banja Luka
  • Balkan Investment Bank a.d. Banja Luka
  • Bobar banka a.d. Bijeljina
  • Eurobroker a.d. Banja Luka
  • Grand Broker a.d. Zvornik
  • Hypo-Alpe-Adria Bank a.d. Banja Luka
  • Nova Banjalučka banka a.d. Banja Luka
  • Nova banka a.d. Banja Luka
  • NLB Razvojna banka a.d. Banja Luka
  • Zepter komerc banka a.d. Banja Luka
  • Raiffeisen capital a.d. Banja Luka
  • Monet broker a.d. Banja Luka
  • InterFinance a.d. Banja Luka
  • Senzal a.d. Banja Luka
  • Jahorina osiguranje a.d. Pale

See also[edit]

External links[edit]