Bank State Branch

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A Bank State Branch (often referred to as "BSB") is the name used in Australia for a bank code, which is a branch identifier. The BSB is normally used in association with the bank account number. The structure of the BSB + account number does not permit for account numbers to be transferable between banks. While similar in structure, the New Zealand and Australian systems are only used in domestic transactions and are incompatible with each other. For international transfers, a SWIFT identifier is used in addition to the BSB and bank account number.

The use of the BSB identifier was introduced in the early 1970s with the introduction of MICR on cheques to automate the process of data capture by the banks as well as for mechanical sorting and bundling of the physical cheques for forwarding to the payer bank branch for final cheque clearance. This followed the introduction in the United Kingdom in the 1960s of a comparable system (there called a sort code). Since then, the use of BSBs has been extended to electronic transactions, but not in payment card numbering.

In Australia, the Australian Payments Clearing Association (APCA) is the regulatory body of cheque clearances and of the BSB codes in Australia. The BSB code consists of six numerals, the first two or three of which is a bank identifier. APCA assigns the bank code to a financial institution and the financial institution allocates the other digits to its branches, in line with guidelines set by APCA. Some financial institutions have more than one bank identifier, arising from mergers or consolidating by banks of their trading and savings banks operations. As of March 2012, almost 14,300 unique BSB code values were in use.

Usage[edit]

In Australia, BSB codes are allocated by the Australian Payments Clearing Association (APCA). BSB codes are used in a number of payment systems in Australia:

Paper transactions[edit]

Cheques are the least used form of non-cash payment in Australia,[1] but the most by value. Financial institutions are required to include BSB and bank account numbers on cheques, at the bottom of the cheque in MICR form, which identify the specific bank account number to be debited. BSB codes are also used on deposit and other vouchers. Paper transactions are processed under the Australian Paper Clearing System (APCS) (also known as CS1) drawn up by APCA. Account instructions which do not have a BSB code must be processed manually.

Electronic transactions[edit]

Electronic fund transfers (EFT) are the most common method of non-cash payment in Australia. EFT transactions between bank accounts use the Direct Entry system. For transfers using the Direct Entry System, BSB and bank account numbers must be given for the accounts to be debited as well as for the account to which funds are to be transferred. Electronic transactions are processed under the Bulk Electronic Clearing System (BECS) (also known as CS2) drawn up by APCA. BSBs are not used in transactions involving payment cards, such as credit cards or debit cards, nor in BPAY transactions.

International transactions[edit]

For incoming international transfers, SWIFT codes are used in addition to the Basic Bank Account Number (BBAN), which comprises a BSB and bank account number. There is no public discussion of the adoption of IBAN identifiers for incoming international transactions. Any process towards IBAN would involve considerable changes to bank software and computer systems, and the requirement for financial institutions to adopt defined length account numbers. Outgoing international transfers must use either the SWIFT or IBAN system in use in the destination country, which would incorporate that country's format for BBAN.

Format[edit]

The format of the BSB code originally was for the first two digits to indicate the "bank" and the other four digits to specify the "branch" of that financial institution. In Australia, the major banks have at least historically structured their branch codes with the first of the four digit branch code indicating the state where the branch was located. Some of the larger banks have two bank codes. This is largely historic, a legacy from the time when banks maintained separate trading (cheque) and savings bank entities. The first digit of the bank code was either 0 (for trading bank accounts) or 1 (for savings bank accounts), with a common second digit. For example, 03 was for Westpac's trading accounts, while 73 was for Westpac's savings accounts. This distinction is now of only historic significance.

For example, the Australian BSB code "033088" breaks down to:

With the creation of many new financial institutions in Australia, the structure of the BSB has been modified. While banks generally still follow the traditional state branch structure, building societies and credit unions often do not; this is because many of these institutions use an intermediary; for example, BSBs such as 80xxxx are administered by Cuscal where as 704xxx is administered by Indue. In these situations, the building society or credit union is identified by the 'state' and 'branch' components of the BSB whereas the 'bank' refers to the intermediary. Depending on the intermediary used, building societies (both current and former) BSBs generally start with 63xxxx and most credit unions BSBs will use the either 704xxx or 80xxxx. The state code structure is not always used in these situations; for example, Bendigo Bank started as a building society in Victoria but now uses a single BSB nationally (633-000) while the Queensland-based Heritage Bank, also a former building society, uses 638xxx. Some institutions such as Suncorp uses 484-799 for all deposit accounts regardless of which branch or state the account was opened in.

Furthermore, recent changes within Australia's banking environment have allowed larger building societies and credit unions to establish and 'own' their own BSBs, even if they are using an intermediary. Owning a BSB allows a financial institution to create new products and offer additional services.

List of Australian Bank codes[edit]

Number Code Bank Name
01 ANZ Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited
03 or 73 WBC Westpac Banking Corporation
06 or 76 CBA Commonwealth Bank of Australia
08 or 78 NAB National Australia Bank
09 RBA Reserve Bank of Australia
10 BSA BankSA
11 or 33 STG or SGP St George Bank
12 or 639 BQL or HOM Bank of Queensland; 639 refers to Home Building Society which has since been acquired by Bank of Queensland
14 PIB Rabobank
15 T&C Town & Country Bank; acquired by ANZ
18 MBL Macquarie Bank
19 BOM Bank of Melbourne (2011), previously Advance Bank
21 CMB JPMorgan Chase Bank
23 BAL Bank of America
24 CTI Citibank
25 BPS BNP Paribas
26 BTA BT Financial Group
29 BOT Bank of Tokyo
30 BWA BankWest
31 MCU bankmecu
34 or 985 HBA or HSB HSBC Bank Australia
35 or 980 BOC or BCA Bank of China
40 CST Commonwealth Bank Group, formerly Colonial State Bank which was previously State Bank of New South Wales
41 DBA Deutsche Bank Australia
42 or 52 TBT Colonial Trust Bank, formerly Trust Bank Tasmania
45 OCB OCBC Bank
46 ADV Advance Bank
47 CBL Challenge Bank, which has since been acquired by Westpac Banking Corporation
48 or 664 MET or SUN Suncorp Bank; 48 was used by Metway Bank prior to its merger with Suncorp Building Society
55 BML Bank of Melbourne (1989), formerly RESI-Statewide Building Society
57 ASL Australian Settlements Limited, an intermediary used by many organisations
61 ADL Adelaide Bank
630 ABS ABS Building Society
632 BAE B&E
633 BBL Bendigo Bank
634 UFS Uniting Financial Services
637 GBS Greater Building Society
638 HBS Heritage Bank
640 HUM Hume Building Society
641 or 647 IMB or AUB IMB Ltd
642 ADC Australian Defence Credit Union
645 or 656 MPB or BAY Wide Bay Australia Ltd
646 MMB Maitland Mutual Building Soc Ltd
650 NEW Newcastle Permanent Building Society
653 PPB Pioneer Permanent Building Society; since acquired by Bank of Queensland
655 ROK The Rock Building Society Limited
657 GBS Greater Building Society
70 CUS Indue Limited, an intermediary used by many organisations (particularly Credit Unions)
704-191 CUS Victoria Teachers Mutual Bank
728 SCU Summerland Credit Union (1 July 2011 728-728)
80 CRU Cuscal Limited, an intermediary used by many organisations (particularly Credit Unions)
803-205 CRU Defence Bank
812 TMB Teachers Mutual Bank Limited
813 CAP Capricornian Ltd
814 CUA Credit Union Australia Ltd
815 PCU Police Dept Employees C/U Ltd
817 WCU Warwick Credit Union
819 or 931 IBK or ICB Industrial & Commercial Bank of Australia
902 APO Australia Post
913 SSB State Street Bank & Trust Company
915 FNC FNC Agency - Bank One, NA
917 ARA Arab Bank Australia
918 MCB Mizuho Corporate Bank
922 UOB United Overseas Bank
923 or 936 ING or GNI ING Bank
932 NEC New England Credit Union Ltd
939 AMP AMP Bank
941 BCY Delphi Bank; formerly Bank of Cyprus Australia, since acquired by Bendigo Bank
942 LBA Bank of Sydney [2]
943 TBB Taiwan Business Bank
944 MEB ME Bank
946 UBS UBS AG
951 INV Investec Bank (Australia) Limited
952 RBS Royal Bank of Scotland
969 MSL Tyro Payments
  1. ^ "Towards The Digital Economy - Milestones Report - April 2013". Retrieved 29 September 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. ^ http://www.banksyd.com.au/en-Our-Group

List of State codes[edit]

The major banks structure their BSB codes according to States. This is largely historic and have only limited significance in electronic banking. For those who maintain State codes, the State code is the first of the four digit branch field and are:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]