Banknotes of Denmark, 1997 series

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Danmarks Nationalbank issues banknotes of the Danish Krone (kr) and has replaced the 1997 banknote series as of 24 May 2011.

The issue of the 1997 series commenced on 10 March 1997 with the debut of the 200kr denomination, issued to bridge the gap between the 100kr and 500kr denominations.

Commencing on 27 November 2002 the Nationalbank improved the security features for future banknotes of the 1997 series, starting with the 100kr denomination.

A new series of notes is currently being issued: Banknotes of Denmark, 2009 series. The first was the 50kr banknote on 11 August 2009.[1]

The 50 kroner note[edit]

50 kroner note

Issued on May 7, 1999 – updated on August 25, 2005 – out of print as of August 11, 2009.

The Danish 50 kroner bill (DKK50) is a denomination of Danish currency. Danish writer Karen Blixen is featured on the front side of the bill, while the design on the reverse is inspired by a centaur from Landet Church on the island of Tåsinge. The current version for this bill came into circulation on 25 August 2005.

The face of the banknote has a portrait of writer Karen Blixen (17 April 1885 to 7 September 1962). She is acclaimed for writing Seven Gothic Tales (1935) and her memoirs Out of Africa (1937). The face of the banknote is also decorated with flowers, of which Karen Blixen was very fond.

The image on the reverse of the 50 krone banknote is inspired by a stone relief from Landet Church on the island of Tåsinge

The 50 krone banknote has the word "femti", not "halvtreds" which is the usual Danish word for fifty. Femti is a word used for cheques. The Danish National bank first used it on the 50 krone banknote issued in 1957, and the 1997 banknote is thus the third to use this word. However, on the new banknote issued on 11 August 2009 the word "halvtreds" is used instead of "femti".[2]

The 100 kroner note[edit]

100 kroner note

Issued on November 22, 1999 – updated on November 27, 2002 – out of print as of May 4, 2010.

The Danish 100 kroner bill (DKK100) is a denomination of Danish currency. Danish composer Carl Nielsen is featured on the front side of the bill and a basilisk from Tømmerby Church is featured on the reverse. This version began circulation on 27 November 2002.

The face of the banknote has a portrait of the composer Carl Nielsen (9 June 1865 to 3 October 1931). Carl Nielsen was an orchestra leader, conductor, and music teacher, but above all a very versatile composer. He is known for writing operas such as Maskerade (1905–1906), and many symphonic works.

A basilisk from Tømmerby Kirke in Vester Hanherred in northern Denmark is the inspiration for the motif on reverse of the 100 kroner banknote. A basilisk is part snake, dragon, and rooster. Basilisk means "little king" and the figure is recognisable by its crown. Around half of all Danish banknotes in circulation are 100 kroner banknotes, making it the principal banknote in the series.

The 100 kroner bill is sometimes referred to as a hund ((Danish): 'dog') taken from a shortening of the word hundrede (a hundred).

The 200 kroner note[edit]

200 kroner note

Issued on March 10, 1997 – updated on April 9, 2003 – out of print as of October 19, 2010.

The Danish 200 kroner bill (DKK200) is a denomination of Danish currency. Danish actress Johanne Luise Heiberg is featured on the front side of the bill, while a lion from the apse of Viborg Cathedral is featured on the reverse side. The current version of this bill came into circulation on 9 April 2003.

The face of the banknote has a portrait of Johanne Luise Heiberg (22 November 1812 to 21 December 1890). She was one of the greatest Danish actresses of the 19th century and took the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen by storm on countless occasions. Her autobiography Et liv genoplevet i erindringen (English: A Life Relived in Memory) is a major literary work from the Danish golden age.

The motif on the reverse of the 200 kroner banknote is a lion from the apse of Viborg Cathedral.

The 500 kroner note[edit]

500 kroner note

Issued on September 12, 1997 – updated on September 24, 2003 – out of print as of February 15, 2011.

The Danish 500 kroner bill (DKK500) is a denomination of Danish currency. Danish nuclear physicist Niels Bohr (7 October 1885 to 18 November 1962) is featured on the front side of the bill. Niels Bohr was a major contributor to modern science and was very influential on the development of modern nuclear physics. Niels Bohr won many awards including the Nobel Prize for physics in 1922.

The Danish Central Bank was heavily criticized by the Danish Cancer Society due to their choice of a pipe smoking Dr. Bohr in a smoking ban time.

A knight in armour fighting a dragon is featured on the reverse side. The design comes from a stone relief from Lihme Church in northern Jutland.

The current version of this bill came into circulation on 24 September 2003.

The 500 kroner bill is sometimes referred to as a plovmand ((Danish): ploughman) because previous issues of the bill featured a picture of a man with a plough.

The 1000 kroner note[edit]

1000 kroner note

Issued on September 18, 1998 – updated on November 25, 2004.

The Danish thousand-kroner bill (DKK1000) is a denomination of Danish currency. Danish artists Anna and Michael Ancher are featured on the front side of the bill, while a tournament scene inspired by Bislev Church is featured on the reverse side. It is at present the largest denomination in circulation, and the current version of this bill came into circulation on 25 November 2004. The banknote is 165 mm x 72 mm.

The front of the banknote has a double portrait of artists Anna and Michael Ancher (18 August 1859 to 15 April 1935, and 9 June 1849 to 19 September 1927). The couple are known for their paintings depicting everyday life in the fishing town of Skagen. The portraits featured on the banknote were inspired by two paintings Danish artist Peder Severin Krøyer made in 1884. The paintings were originally hung on the walls in the dining room at Brøndums Hotel in Skagen. The anchor background pattern on the banknote does not directly refer to the artists' surname (anker means anchor in Danish), but to a necklace worn by Anna.

A tournament scene from a sepulchral monument located in Bislev Church in northern Jutland is the inspiration for the motif on the back of the banknote.

The 1000 kroner bill is sometimes referred to as a tudse ((Danish): toad) taken from a word play on the word tusinde (a thousand).

Security features[edit]

The design of each banknote in the series incorporates various security devices. When the banknotes are tilted, various motifs appear in the hologram. Also, fluorescent colours, which are visible under ultraviolet light, are used on both sides of the banknotes.

50 kroner: The hologram alternately shows the figure 50, the Roman numeral L and a flower. Fluorescent effects: Centaur on obverse and green print on the reverse.

100 kroner: Hologram: Two musical notes, the Roman numeral "C." and the number "100." When the note is tilted the "C" grows larger and a rainbow appears. Using a magnifying glass, it is possible to see a microprinted "100" in the outer line around the letter "C." Fluorescent effects: Basilisk on obverse and orange print on the reverse.

200 kroner: Hologram: A lion, the Roman numeral "CC," and the number "200." When the note is tilted the "CC" grows larger. Fluorescent effects: Lion on obverse and green print on the reverse.

500 kroner: Hologram: An atom, the number 500, and the Roman numeral "D". The current version of the 500 kroner banknote was designed to be very hard to counterfeit. The hologram cannot be colour copied. Fluorescent effects: Knight on obverse and orange print on the reverse.

1000 kroner: Hologram: A palette, the number 1000 and the Roman numeral "M". Fluorescent effects: Horseman on obverse and orange print on the reverse.

During 2002–2005, additional security features were added.

1997 Series[3]
Value Dimensions Main colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Watermark first printing issue
50 kroner 125 × 72 mm Purple Karen Blixen Centaur from Landet Church As portrait 1999
2005
7 May 1999
25 August 2005
100 kroner 135 × 72 mm Orange Carl Nielsen Basilisk from Tømmerby Church 1999
2002
22 November 1999
27 November 2002
200 kroner 145 × 72 mm Green Johanne Luise Heiberg Lion from Viborg Cathedral 1997
2003
10 March 1997
9 April 2003
500 kroner 155 × 72 mm Blue Niels Bohr Knight fighting a dragon from Lihme Church 1997
2003
12 September 1997
24 September 2003
1000 kroner 165 × 72 mm Red Anna, Michael Ancher Tournament from Bislev Church Anna Ancher 1998
2004
18 September 1998
25 November 2004

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Danish banknotes 2009–2011". Danmarks Nationalbank. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Facts about the new banknotes". Danmarks Nationalbank. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Nationalbanken // Notes and Coins // Web document // Denmark's banknote series". Nationalbanken.dk. 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2009-02-06.