Banknotes of the Venezuelan venezolano

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Banknotes of the Venezuelan venezolano circulated between 1872 and 1879.

Compañia de Crédito[edit]

Compañia de Crédito, which had been established on 9 December 1870 by Gen. Antonio Guzmán Blanco, was privately owned with minority government participation, and was created primarily in order to pay off outstanding government debts. Guzmán increased central government power by virtually privatizing customs collection (the chief source of national and regional government income) through this institution. It issued notes to bearer for 5, 10, 50, and 100 venezolanos until it was liquidated effective 1 July 1876.

It issued only one series of notes, printed by American Bank Note Company. The notes were uniface and of uniform size, 195 × 102 mm. The payment clause reads "Vale por [numeric counter] que se pagarán al portador en Carácas á la presentacíon."

  • 5 venezolanos (P-S326)
  • 10 venezolanos (P-S327)
  • 50 venezolanos (P-S328)
  • 100 venezolanos (P-S329)

Banco de Caracas[edit]

Banco de Caracas was founded in July 1876, reorganized on 11 August 1877, and dissolved on 27 March 1881. It made two issues of notes for 5, 20, and 100 venezolanos.

The bank's first series (circa 1876) was printed by American Bank Note Company. The notes were uniface black on white with a tan underprint reading "CAPITAL 160,000 VENEZOLANOS". All three denominations have a payment clause reading "Vale por [numeric counter] que se pagarán al portador en Carácas á la presentacion" and bear two signatures: Por la Direccíon + El Administrador. The notes are of uniform size: 207 × 104 mm.

  • 5 venezolanos (P-S111) seated woman with boxes (centre)
  • 20 venezolanos (P-S112) Colombus sighting land (centre)
  • 100 venezolanos (P-S113) explorers landing (centre)

The bank's second series resulted from its 1877 reorganization and increase in capital. These are also uniface notes printed by American Bank Note Company. The notes are of a new design. The same payment clause is retained, but the underprint has been altered to "CAPITAL 200,000 VENEZOLANOS".

  • 5 venezolanos, (P-S116)
  • 20 venezolanos, blue underprint, (P-S117)
  • 100 venezolanos (P-S118)

State of Guayana[edit]

The province of Guayana (Estado de Guayana) issued state notes of limited local significance in 1878-1880 for 50 centésimos and 1, 2, 4, and 8 venezolanos.

References[edit]

Shafer, Neil; Cuhaj, George S., eds. (2002), Standard catalog of world paper money: specialized issues 1 (9th ed.), Iola, WI: Krause, pp. 1185–1196, ISBN 0-87349-466-0 .

Numismatic Catalog of Venezuela, retrieved 27 May 2008  Detailed information, with images, of all Venezuelan coins and paper money, regularly updated.