List of books banned by governments
Banned books are books to which free access is not permitted. The practice of banning books is a form of book censorship, and often has political, religious or moral motivations. This page intends to list alphabetically all banned books through human history in several countries of the world, within specific contexts.
|Title||Author||Type||Description of the case(s)|
|About a Silence in Literature||Živorad Stojković||Essay||Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1951.|
|Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865)||Lewis Carroll||Children's novel/adventure||Used to be banned in the province of Hunan, China, beginning in 1931 for its portrayal of anthropomorphized animals acting on the same level of complexity as human beings. The censor General Ho Chien believed that attributing human language to animals was an insult to humans. He feared that the book would teach children to regard humans and animals on the same level, which would be "disastrous".|
|All Quiet on the Western Front (1929)||Erich Maria Remarque||Anti-war novel||Banned in Nazi Germany for being demoralizing and insulting to the Wehrmacht.|
|American Psycho (1991)||Bret Easton Ellis||Fiction novel||Sale and purchase was banned in the Australian State of Queensland. Now available in public libraries and for sale to people 18 years and older. Sale restricted to persons at least 18 years old in the other Australian states.|
|An Area of Darkness (1964)||V. S. Naipaul||Travelogue||Banned in India for its negative portrayal of India and its people.|
|Angaray (1932)||Sajjad Zaheer||Progressive short stories||Banned in India in 1936 by the British government.|
|The Anarchist Cookbook (1971)||William Powell||Instructional||Banned in Australia.|
|Animal Farm (1945)||George Orwell||Political novella||During 1943 – 45, Allied forces found this entire book to be critical of the U.S.S.R., and therefore the text was considered to be too controversial to print during wartime. Publishers were reluctant to print the novel then. A play of Animal Farm was banned in Kenya in 1991, because it criticizes corrupt leaders. In 2002, the novel was banned in the schools of the United Arab Emirates, because it contained text or images that goes against Islamic values, most notably the occurrence of an anthropomorphic, talking pig. The Book is banned in Cuba and North Korea.|
|Areopagitica (1644)||John Milton||Essay||Banned in the Kingdom of England for political reasons.|
|Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism (2008)||Ha-Joon Chang||Non-fiction||One of 23 books from Aug 1st 2008 Banned for distribution in South Korean military.|
|The Bible||Jewish and Christian||Religious text||Censored in dozens of countries, both historically and in the current era. In recent history, the Bible has been banned or greatly restricted in a number of countries including North Korea. Sometimes, the ban is on distributing the Bible in certain languages or versions. In 1234, King James I of Aragon ordered the burning of Bibles in the vernacular.|
|Big River, Big Sea — Untold Stories of 1949 (2009)||Lung Ying-tai||Non-fiction||It sold over 100,000 copies in Taiwan and 10,000 in Hong Kong in its first month of release, but discussion of her work was banned in mainland China following the book launch.|
|Borstal Boy (1958)||Brendan Behan||Autobiographical novel||Banned in Ireland in 1958. The Irish Censorship of Publications Board was not obliged to reveal its reason but it is believed that it was rejected for its critique of Irish republicanism and the Catholic Church, and its depiction of adolescent sexuality. It was banned in Australia and New Zealand shortly after. It was allowed to be published in New Zealand in 1963.|
|Brave New World (1932)||Aldous Huxley||Novel||Banned in Ireland in 1932, allegedly because of references of sexual promiscuity. Banned in Australia from 1932 to 1937.|
|Burger's Daughter (1979)||Nadine Gordimer||Novel||Banned in South Africa in July, 1979 for going against the government's racial policies; the ban was reversed in October of the same year.|
|Candide (1759)||Voltaire||Novel||Seized by US Customs in 1930 for obscenity.|
|The Canterbury Tales (late 14th century)||Geoffrey Chaucer||Story collection||Banned from the U.S. mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material.|
|Catch-22 (1961)||Joseph Heller||Novel||Banned in several states: in 1972, it was banned in Strongsville, Ohio (overturned in 1976); in 1974, it was banned in Dallas, Texas, and in 1979 it was banned in Snoqualmie, Washington.[why?]|
|The Country Girls (1960)||Edna O'Brien||Novel||Banned by Ireland's censorship board in 1960 for its explicit sexual content.|
|Curved River (1963)||Živojin Pavlović||story collection||In 1963 in Yugoslavia withdrawn by the publisher (Nolit) at request of SDB officials.|
|The Da Vinci Code (2003)||Dan Brown||Novel||Banned in September 2004 in Lebanon after Catholic leaders deemed it offensive to Christianity. (See Inaccuracies in The Da Vinci Code.)|
|The Dark (1965)||John McGahern||Novel||Banned in Ireland for obscenity.|
|The Death of Lorca (1971)||Ian Gibson||Biography, True crime||Banned briefly in Spain.|
|The Decameron (1350–1353)||Giovanni Boccaccio||Story collection||Banned from the U.S. mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material.|
|The Diary of Anne Frank (1947)||Anne Frank||Biography||Banned in Lebanon for "portray[ing] Jews, Israel or Zionism favorably".|
|Dictionary of Modern Serbo-Croatian Language||Miloš Moskovljević||Dictionary||Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1966, at request of Mirko Tepavac, because "some definitions can cause disturbance among citizens".|
|Droll Stories (1832–37)||Honoré de Balzac||Banned for obscene material of a sexual nature in Canada in 1914 and Ireland in 1953, the ban was lifted in Ireland in 1967.|
|The Devil's Discus (1964)||Rayne Kruger||Non-fiction||Banned in Thailand in 2006.|
|El Señor Presidente (1946)||Miguel Ángel Asturias||Novel||Banned in Guatemala because it went against the ruling political leaders.|
|Ecstasy and Me (1966)||Hedy Lamarr||Autobiography||Banned in Australia from 1967 until 1973.|
|Fanny Hill or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (1748)||John Cleland||Novel||Banned in the U.S.A. in 1821 for obscenity, then again in 1963. This was the last book ever banned in the U.S.A. See also Memoirs v. Massachusetts.|
|Feast for the Seaweeds (1983)||Haidar Haidar||Novel||Banned in Egypt and several other Arab states, and even resulted in a belated angry reaction from the clerics of Al-Azhar University upon reprinting in Egypt in the year 2000. The clerics issued a Fatwa banning the novel, and accused Haidar of heresy and offending Islam. Al-Azhar University students staged huge protests against the novel, that eventually led to its confiscation.|
|The Federal Mafia (1992)||Irwin Schiff||Non-fiction||An injunction was issued by a U.S. District Court in Nevada under 26 U.S.C. § 7408 against Irwin Schiff and associates Cynthia Neun and Lawrence Cohen, against the sale of this book by those persons as the court found that the information it contains is fraudulent|
|Frankenstein (1818)||Mary Shelley||Novel||Banned in apartheid South Africa in 1955 for containing "obscene" or "indecent" material.|
|The Fugitive (Perburuan) (1950)||Pramoedya Ananta Toer||Novel||Banned in Indonesia in 1950, for containing "subversive" material, including an attempt to promote Marxist-Leninist thought and other Communist theories. As of 2006, the ban is still in effect.|
|The First Circle (1968)||Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn||Novel||After Nikita Khrushchev was removed from power in 1964, all current and future works by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn were banned in the Soviet Union. This work details the lives of scientists forced to work in a Stalinist research center.|
|The Grapes of Wrath (1939)||John Steinbeck||Novel||Was temporarily banned in many places in the US. In the region of California in which it was partially set, it was banned for its alleged unflattering portrayal of area residents.|
|Green Eggs and Ham (1960)||Dr. Seuss||Novel||In 1965, the children's novel was temporarily banned in the People's Republic of China for its portrayal of early Marxism. The ban was lifted in 1991, following Seuss' death.|
|Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India (2011)||Joseph Lelyveld||Biography||Is currently banned in Gujarat, a state in western India, for suggesting that Mahatma Gandhi had a homosexual relationship. Gujarat's state assembly voted unanimously in favour of the ban in April, 2011.|
|The Gulag Archipelago (1973)||Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn||Non-fiction||Banned in the Soviet Union because it went against the image the Soviet Government tried to project of itself and its policies. However available to public in the Soviet Union since at least the 1980s. In 2009, the Education Ministry of Russia added The Gulag Archipelago to the curriculum for high-school students.|
|The Heart of India (1958)||Alexander Campbell||Fiction||Banned by the Indian government in 1959 on grounds of being “repulsive”.|
|How to make disposable silencers (1984)||Desert and Eliezer Flores||Instructional||An example of a class of books banned in Australia that "promote, incite or instruct in matters of crime or violence".|
|Howl (1955)||Allen Ginsberg||Poem||Copies of the first edition seized by San Francisco Customs for obscenity in March 1957; after trial, obscenity charges were dismissed.|
|The Hoax of the Twentieth Century||Arthur Butz||Non-fiction||Classified as "hate literature" in Canada with Royal Canadian Mounted Police destroying copies as recently as 1995.|
|Islam – A Concept of Political World Invasion (2003)||R. V. Bhasin||Political ideology||Banned in Maharashtra, India in 2007, after its publishing on grounds that it promotes communal disharmony between Hindus and Muslims.|
|July's People (1981)||Nadine Gordimer||Novel||Banned during the Apartheid-era in South Africa. July's People is now included in the South African school curriculum.|
|Jinnah: India-Partition-Independence (2009)||Jaswant Singh||Biography||Temporarily banned in Gujarat, India in August 2009. The ban was overturned by the Gujarat High Court in December 2009.|
|Jinnah of Pakistan (1982)||Stanley Wolpert||Biography||Banned in Pakistan for recounting Jinnah’s taste for wine and pork.|
|Jæger – i krig med eliten (2009)||Thomas Rathsack||Autobiography||The Danish military tried to ban the book September 2009 for national security reasons; a court rejected the ban as the book was already leaked in the press and on the Internet.|
|The Jungle (1906)||Upton Sinclair||Novel||In 1956, it was banned in East Germany for its incompatibility with Communism.|
|The King Never Smiles (2006)||Paul M. Handley||Biography||Banned in Thailand for its criticism of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.|
|Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928)||D. H. Lawrence||Novel||Temporarily banned in the United States and the United Kingdom for violation of obscenity laws; both bans were lifted in 1959 and 1960, respectively.|
|Lajja (1993)||Taslima Nasrin||Novel||Banned in Bangladesh, and a few states of India.|
|Lethal Marriage||Nick Pron||True crime||Written by a newspaper reporter this book allegedly contains inaccuracies, additionally, complaints were received by the St. Catharines library board from the mother of a victim that led to the book being removed from all public library branches in the city. As recently as 1999 this book was still unavailable to public library patrons in St. Catherines.|
|Little Black Sambo (1899)||Helen Bannerman||Children's story||Banned in Japan (1988–2005) to quell "political threats to boycott Japanese cultural exports", although the pictures were not those of the original version.|
|Lolita (1955)||Vladimir Nabokov||Novel||French officials banned it for being "obscene," as did the United Kingdom, Argentina, New Zealand (uncensored 1964) and South Africa.
Banned in Canada in 1958, though the ban was later lifted.
|The Lonely Girl (1962)||Edna O'Brien||Novel||Banned in Ireland in 1962 after Archbishop John Charles McQuaid complained personally to Justice Minister Charles Haughey that it "was particularly bad".|
|The Lottery (1948)||Shirley Jackson||Short story||Banned in South Africa during Apartheid.|
|Lysistrata (411 BC)||Aristophanes||Script||Banned in 1967 in Greece because of its anti-war message.|
|Madame Bovary (1856)||Gustave Flaubert||Novel||Flaubert's novel was banned and he was prosecuted for "offenses against public morals".|
|Mein Kampf (1925)||Adolf Hitler||Political ideology||Banned in some European nations and the Russian Federation as extremist.
In Germany, the copyright of the book is claimed by the Free State of Bavaria and Bavarian authorities try to prevent any re-printing. It is legal to own or distribute existing copies.
In Austria, the Verbotsgesetz 1947 prohibits the printing of the book. It is illegal to own or distribute existing copies. The law (§ 3 d.) states that, "Whoever publicly or before several people, through the printing of disseminated writings or illustrations to one of under § 1 or § 3 prohibited acts requests, strives or seeks to induce others, especially for the purpose of glorifying or advertising the aims of the Nazi Party, its institutions or measures, provided that it does not constitute a serious criminal offense, will be punished with imprisonment from five to ten years, or up to twenty years for offenders who themselves or their actions are deemed especially dangerous."
|The Meritorious Price of Our Redemption (1650)||William Pynchon||Religious ideology||The first book banned in the New World (1650.) Pynchon, a prominent leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony who, in 1636, founded the City of Springfield, Massachusetts beside the Connecticut River, wrote this explicit criticism of Puritanism, published in London in 1650. That year, several copies made their way back to the New World. Pynchon, who resided in Springfield, was unaware that his book suffered the New World's first book burning on the Boston Common. Accused of heresy by the Massachusetts General Court, Pynchon quietly transferred ownership of the Connecticut River Valley's largest land-holdings to his son, and then suffered indignities as he left the New World for England. Trivia: firsts work banned in Boston.|
|A Message to Man and Humanity||Aleksandar Cvetković||Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1967 for "false and wicked claims, and enemy propaganda that supports pro-Chinese politics".|
|Mirror of the Polish Crown (1618)||Sebastian Miczyński||Anti-Semitic pamphlet||Because this pamphlet published in 1618 was one of the causes of the anti-Jewish riots in Cracow, it was banned by Sigismund III Vasa.|
|Moll Flanders or The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders (1722)||Daniel Defoe||Novel||Banned from the U.S. mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material|
|The Mountain Wreath (1847)||Petar II Petrović-Njegoš||Drama in verse||Banned in Bosnian schools by Carlos Westendorp.|
|Naked Lunch (1959)||William S. Burroughs||Novel||Banned by Boston courts in 1962 for obscenity, but that decision was reversed in 1966 by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.|
|New Class (1957)||Milovan Đilas||Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1957; author sentenced for enemy propaganda to seven years in prison, prolonged to 13 years in 1962.|
|The Nickel-Plated-Feet Gang During the Occupation||Successors of Louis Forton (1879–1934)||Comic book||Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1945.|
|Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)||George Orwell||Novel||Banned by the Soviet Union in 1950, as Stalin understood that it was a satire based on his leadership. It was nearly banned by U.S.A. and UK in the early 1960s during the Cuban Missile Crisis. It was not until 1990 that the U.S.S.R. legalised the book and it was re-released after editing.|
|Notre ami le roi (1993)||Gilles Perrault||Biography of Hassan II of Morocco||Banned in Morocco. This book is a biography of King Hassan and examines cases of torture, killing and political imprisonment said to have been carried out by the Moroccan Government.|
|Nine Hours To Rama (1962)||Stanley Wolpert||Novel||Banned in India. It exposes persons responsible for security lapses that led to Mahatma Gandhi's assassination.|
|The Naked and the Dead (1948)||Norman Mailer||Novel||Banned in Canada in 1949 for "obscenity."|
|On Fierce Wound – Fierce Herb||Ratko Zakić||Withdrawn from sales and destroyed after the decision of the Municipal Committee of the League of Communists of Kraljevo in Kraljevo, Yugoslavia in 1967.|
|On the Origins and Perpetual Use of the Legislative Powers of the Apostolic Kings of Hungary in Matters Ecclesiastical (1764)||Adam F. Kollár||Political||Banned in the Papal States for arguments against the political role of the Roman Catholic Church. Original title: De Originibus et Usu perpetuo.|
|One Day of Life (1980)||Manlio Argueta||Novel||Banned by El Salvador for its portrayal of human rights violations.|
|One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962)||Alexander Solzhenitsyn||Novel||Banned from publication in the Soviet Union in 1964.|
|Operation Dark Heart (2010)||Army Reserve Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer||Memoir||In September 2010 the U.S. Department of Defense overrode the Army's January approval for publication. The DoD then purchased and destroyed all 9,500 first edition copies citing concerns that it contained classified information which could damage the integrity of U.S. National Security. The publisher, St. Martin's Press, in conjunction with the DoD created a censored second edition; which contains blackened out words, lines, paragraphs, and even portions of the index.|
|The Peaceful Pill Handbook (2007)||Philip Nitschke and Fiona Stewart||Instructional manual on euthanasia||Initially banned in New Zealand by Office of Film & Literature Classification since it was deemed to be objectionable. In May 2008 an edited version of the book was allowed for sale if sealed and an indication of the censorship classification was displayed. The book was initially restricted in Australia: after review the 2007 edition was banned outright.|
|Peyton Place (1956)||Grace Metalious||Novel||Banned in Canada from 1956–1958.|
|Polsko-angielsko-niemiecki Glosariusz regionalny Województwa Opolskiego (The Polish-English-German Glossary of the Regional Terminology of the Province of Opole) (2004)||Tomasz Kamusella||Reference work||Its run of 2000 copies was destroyed on the order of the Self-Governmental Regional Authority (Urząd Marszałkowski) of the Province of Opole, Poland, because in the overview of the history of the region the reference, apart from giving the Polish and Soviet view according to which the new Polish-German border was recognized in 1945 at the Potsdam Conference, also included the view propounded by the Western Allies and West Germany, namely, that the border was finally and fully recognized in light of international law only when the German-Polish Border Treaty (1990) was ratified in 1992. Deputy President Ryszard Galla publically appealed for burning all the copies of the glossary. The regional authority also ordered the National Library of Poland not to lend its two copies of the reference. The library made them accessible to readers only in 2012, after the regional authority, shamed by the press, withdrew this extrajudicial ban.|
|The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1903)||Unknown||Conspiracy||Banned in various libraries and many attempts to ban in various nations, as in Russia.|
|Rangila Rasul (1927)||Pt. Chamupati||Religious||Currently banned in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.|
|Rights of Man (1791)||Thomas Paine||Political||Banned in the UK and author charged with treason for supporting the French Revolution. Banned in Tsarist Russia after the Decembrist revolt.|
|Rowena Goes Too Far (1931)||H. C. Asterley||Fiction||Banned in Australia because of customs belief that it “lacked sufficient claim to the literary to excuse the obscenity”|
|The Satanic Verses (1988)||Salman Rushdie||Novel||Banned in the following countries for alleged blasphemy against Islam: Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Senegal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Thailand.|
|The Satanic Bible (1969)||Anton LaVey||Religious text||Banned during apartheid in South Africa from 1973 to 1993 for moral reasons.|
|Shivaji - Hindu King in Islamic India (2003)||James Laine||History||Banned in Indian state of Maharashtra in 2004 for "promoting social enmity"; ban overturned by state High Court in 2007.|
|Snorri the Seal (1941)||Frithjof Sælen||Fable||Satirical book banned during the German occupation of Norway.|
|Soft Target: How the Indian Intelligence Service Penetrated Canada (1989)||Zuhair Kashmeri & Brian McAndrew||Investigative journalism||Banned in India.|
|Smash and Grab: Annexation of Sikkim (1984)||Sunanda Datta-Ray||Non-fiction||Banned in India. Describes the process of the annexation of the Buddhist kingdom of Sikkim by the Indian government of Indira Gandhi in 1975.|
|A Spoon on Earth||Hyeon Gi-yeong||Novel||Banned for distribution within the South Korean military as one of 23 books banned there beginning on August 2008.|
|Spycatcher (1985)||Peter Wright||Autobiography||Banned in the UK 1985–1988 for revealing secrets. Wright was a former MI5 intelligence officer and his book was banned before it was even published in 1987.|
|Storytellers II||Boško Novaković||Story collection||Withdrawn from print in Yugoslavia in 1964 because it contained stories by Dragiša Vasić.|
|The Stud (1969)||Jackie Collins||Novel||Banned in Australia in 1969.|
|Suicide mode d'emploi (1982)||Claude Guillon||Essay||This book, reviewing recipes for committing suicide, was the cause of a scandal in France in the 1980s, resulting in the enactment of a law prohibiting provocation to commit suicide and propaganda or advertisement of products, objects or methods for committing suicide. Subsequent reprints were thus illegal. The book was cited by name in the debates of the French National Assembly when examining the bill.|
|Thalia||Arius (AD 250 or 256 – 336)||Songbook||Banned in the Roman Empire in the 330s+ for contradicting Trinitarianism. All of Arius writings were ordered burned and Arius exiled, and presumably assassinated for his writings. Banned by the Catholic Church for the next thousand plus years.|
|The True Furqan (1999)||"Al Saffee" and "Al Mahdee"||Religious text||Import into India prohibited on the grounds of threatening national security.|
|Tropic of Cancer (1934)||Henry Miller||Novel (fictionalized memoir)||Banned in the U.S.A in the 1930s until the early 1960s, seized by US Customs for sexually explicit content and vulgarity. The rest of Miller's work was also banned by the United States. Also banned in South Africa until the late 1980s.|
|The Turner Diaries (1978)||William Luther Pierce||Novel||Sale restricted in Germany for its Nazi ideology theme and Pierce leadership in the National Alliance. Blamed for a number of crimes allegedly inspired by the novel. Also effectively banned in Canada as recently as 1996 with Canada Customs turning back shipments at the border. Presumably this is because Canada bans the importation of material meeting their definition of "hate propaganda."|
|Ulysses (1922)||James Joyce||Novel||Banned in UK until the 1930s. Challenged and temporarily banned in the U.S.A for its sexual content. In 1933 the ban was overturned in United States v. One Book Called Ulysses. Banned in Australia from 1929 to 1937, then restricted to people over the age of 18 from 1941 to 1953.|
|Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)||Harriet Beecher Stowe||Novel||Banned in the Southern United States during the Civil War because of its anti-slavery content. In 1852, Uncle Tom's Cabin was banned in Russia under the reign of Nicholas I because of the idea of equality it presented, and for its "undermining religious ideals."|
|Understanding Islam through Hadis (1982)||Ram Swarup||Critique of political Islam||Banned in India.|
|United States – Vietnam Relations: 1945–1967 (1971)||Robert McNamara and the United States Department of Defense||Government study||Also known as the Pentagon Papers. US President Nixon attempted to suspend publication of classified information. The restraint was lifted by the US Supreme Court in a 6–3 decision. See also New York Times Co. v. United States.|
|Unarmed Victory (1963)||Bertrand Russell||Banned in India. Contains unflattering details of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.|
|Various works||Shen Congwen (1902–1988)||Novels||"Denounced by the Communists and Nationalists alike, Mr. Shen saw his writings banned in Taiwan, while mainland [China] publishing houses burned his books and destroyed printing plates for his novels. .... So successful was the effort to erase Mr. Shen's name from the modern literary record that few younger Chinese today recognize his name, much less the breadth of his work. Only since 1978 has the Chinese Government reissued selections of his writings, although in editions of only a few thousand copies. .... In China, his passing was unreported."|
|Watershed||Čeda Vuković||Self-banned by the publisher Nolit in Yugoslavia in 1968.|
|The Well of Loneliness (1928)||Radclyffe Hall||Novel||Banned in the UK in 1928 for its lesbian theme, republished in 1949.|
|White Niggers of America (1970)||Pierre Vallières||Political work||Written about Quebec politics and society, was written while the author was in jail. An edition published in France was not allowed into Canada; an edition was published in the U.S. in 1971|
|The World Is Full of Married Men (1968)||Jackie Collins||Novel||Banned in Australia in 1968.|
|Year 501: The Conquest Continues (1993)||Noam Chomsky||Politics||Banned for distribution in South Korean military as one of 23 books banned on August 1, 2008.|
|Zhuan Falun (1993)||Li Hongzhi||Spiritual||Banned in Mainland China.|
- Areopagitica: A speech of Mr John Milton for the liberty of unlicensed printing to the Parliament of England
- Book burning
- Burning of books and burying of scholars
- List of book burning incidents
- International Freedom of Expression Exchange
- List of authors and works on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum
- List of banned films
- Challenge (literature)
- Marinko Arsić Ivkov (2002-06-23). "Krivična estetika (32)". Dnevnik (in Serbian) (Novi Sad). Retrieved April 25, 2009.
- "Topics of the Times". The New York Times. 5 May 1931. p. 26. ISSN 0362-4331.
- Grannis, Chandler B.; Haight, Anne (Lyon) (1978). Banned books, 387 B. C. to 1978 A. D. New York: R. R. Bowker. p. 80. ISBN 0-8352-1078-2.
- [dead link]
- Sajjad Zahir: The Voice of the Common Man. Chowk (2005-12-27). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- "Banned Books in Australia: A Selection". University of Melbourne.
- Karolides et al., pp. 16–20
- (Korean) Military expands book blacklist. English.hani.co.kr. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
- Brother Andrew: God's Smuggler.
- Woman executed for distributing Bibles
- Bosmajian, Haig A. 2006. Burning Books, p. 52. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.
- China Free Press Lung Ying-tai becomes an internet pariah in China. Chinafreepress.org (2009-09-18). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- Brendan Behan, Irish writer and playwright, Borstal Boy. FileRoom.org. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- "Banned Books Online". Penn University.
- "Books: A- I That Have Been Censored, Banned or Challenged".
- Deegan, Gordon (August 2, 2010). "Warm welcome home for O'Brien". The Irish Times (Dublin). Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- Dwyer, Ryle (August 14, 2010). "There was some truth in Paisley’s tirades against our priestly republic". Irish Examiner (Cork). Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- Marinko Arsić Ivkov (2002-06-24). "Krivična estetika (33)". Dnevnik (in Serbian) (Novi Sad). Retrieved April 25, 2009.[dead link]
- "Da Vinci Code banned in Lebanon". BBC News. 16 September 2004. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- Wroe, Nicholas (2002-01-05). "Ireland's rural elegist". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2012-07-01.
- Assassination of Federico Garcia Lorca: Gibson, Ian – AbeBooks – 9780140064735: Courtyard Books BA. AbeBooks. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- Marling, William. (2009-05-01) Why Jane Fonda Is Banned in Beirut – WSJ.com. Online.wsj.com. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- CBC's The Current the whole show blow by blow.
- Sova, Dawn B. (c2006). Banned Books : Literature Suppressed on Sexual Grounds. New York, NY: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-6272-2.
- "คำสั่งเจ้าพนักงานการพิมพ์ ที่ ๓/๒๕๔๙ เรื่อง ห้ามการขาย หรือจ่ายแจกและให้ยึดสิ่งพิมพ์". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 123 (Special 23 ง): 31. June 27, 2006.
- Karolides et al., pp. 45–50
- Al-Ahram Weekly | Culture|Off the shelf – and then where?. Weekly.ahram.org.eg (2001-02-07). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
- "Book fair opens amid controversy". BBC News. 25 January 2001. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "Cairo book protesters released". BBC News. 12 May 2000. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- See also footnote 1, United States v. Schiff, 2008-1 U.S. Tax Cas. (CCH) paragr. 50,111 (9th Cir. 2007), citing United States v. Schiff, 379 F.3d 621, 630 (9th Cir. 2004), regarding the Court's finding that the book The Federal Mafia: How the Government Illegally Imposes and Unlawfully Collects Income Taxes constituted "fraudulent commercial speech."
- "Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2011.
- Karolides et al., pp. 57–71
- Karolides et al., pp. 72–76
- "Indian state bans Gandhi book after reviews hint at gay relationship". The Guardian (London). 2011-03-30.
- Karolides et al., pp. 71–78
- Associated Press (10 September 2009). "Russia makes Gulag history". The Boston Globe (Massachusetts). Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- [dead link]
- Classification Review Board. Review meeting: 7 February 2007; Decision meeting: 24 February 2007. Australian Government
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