Banneville-la-Campagne

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Banneville-la-Campagne
Entrance to the Abbey of Saint Martin of Troarn
Entrance to the Abbey of Saint Martin of Troarn
Banneville-la-Campagne is located in France
Banneville-la-Campagne
Banneville-la-Campagne
Coordinates: 49°10′09″N 0°13′07″W / 49.1692°N 0.2186°W / 49.1692; -0.2186Coordinates: 49°10′09″N 0°13′07″W / 49.1692°N 0.2186°W / 49.1692; -0.2186
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Troarn
Intercommunality Entre bois et marais
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Ann Baugas
Area1 6.44 km2 (2.49 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 142
 • Density 22/km2 (57/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14036 / 14940
Elevation 3–24 m (9.8–78.7 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Banneville-la-Campagne is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bannevillais or Bannevillaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Banneville-la Campagne is located some 8 km east of the centre of Caen just south of Sannerville. Access to the commune is by the D675 from Caen which forms the northern border of the commune as it goes east to Troarn. The D227 comes from Sannerville in the north and goes south through the village then continues to join the D225 south of the commune. The D225 comes from Troarn in the east and passes south-west through the eastern part of the commune and continues south to Émiéville. The A13 autoroute (Autoroute de Normandie: Caen to Paris) passes through the heart of the commune and the village from west to east with the intersection with the A813 autoroute (Banneville-la-Campagne to Frénouville) on the south-western border of the commune. The nearest exit is Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 30  to the D675 just east of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Manneville in the south-west and Le Havre in the south-east. The commune is almost entirely farmland.[2]

The Ruisseau du Pont Bâle forms most of the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Fosse du Val on the northern border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Banneville rises in the commune and flows east to join the Ruisseau du Pont Bâle as does the Cours de Guillerville in the south-east where it forms part of the southern border of the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Banneville was attested as Magnevilla in 1198.[3]

The suffix -ville means in the old sense "rural domain" (cf. vilain), preceded by the Norse personal surname Norse Barn meaning "child".[4].

The name is a homonym with all the Barnevilles in Normandy.

The complementary determinant -la-Campagne was attested from 1371[5] and refers to the campagne de Caen (the Caen Plain). This term belongs to the Northern Norman dialect and equivalent to the central French champagne. The Norman-Picard word campagne (Rural area) has been incorporated in standard French.

The name allows it to be distinguished from Banneville-sur-Ajon, another town in Calvados. It is uncertain that it shares the same etymology. The form Barneville sur Ajon was already mentioned in 1371.[5]

History[edit]

In 1828 Banneville-la-Campagne (30 inhabitants in 1821) absorbed Guillerville (100 inhabitants in the southeast of the territory) and Manneville (47 inhabitants in the south-west).[6].

During the Invasion of Normandy Guillerville was attacked on 19 July 1944 by the British 3rd Infantry Division as part of Operation Goodwood as part of the taking of the town of Troarn to the east. British tanks of the 27th Armoured Brigade faced the tanks of the Wehrmacht 21st Panzer Division and Tiger I tanks of the 503rd battalion of heavy tanks. Guillerville was finally liberated in the operation but not Troarn.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[7]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Robert Barron
2008 2014 Ann Drevon
2014 2020 Ann Baugas

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 142 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
53 33 40 30 167 - 176 149 141
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
142 140 130 133 115 141 111 113 113
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
123 117 118 104 119 123 115 70 92
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
117 118 89 84 76 88 96 142 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Banneville-la-Campagne

Sites and monuments[edit]

  • A Chateau Gateway (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[8] It is the old gateway of the Abbey of Saint-Martin of Troarn which was removed in 1843 for the construction of the road from Troarn to Saint-Samson. It was re-erected, at the request of Gaston-Robert, Marquis de Banneville, in the commune of Banneville where it now serves as the entrance to the chateau.[9].

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, 708 pages, p. 374, ISBN 2-60002-883-8 (French).
  4. ^ Origin and Etymology of the anthroponym Barni
  5. ^ a b Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (French)
  6. ^ Communal Notice - Banneville-la-Campagne, LDH/Ehess/Casssini database (French)
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111030 Chateau (French)
  9. ^ The Heritage of the Communes of Calvados, Vol. 2, Flohic Éditions, 2001, Paris, ISBN 2-84234-111-2, p. 1563 (French)