Entrance to the Abbey of Saint Martin of Troarn
|Intercommunality||Entre bois et marais|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Ann Baugas|
|Area1||6.44 km2 (2.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14036 / 14940|
|Elevation||3–24 m (9.8–78.7 ft)
(avg. 10 m or 33 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bannevillais or Bannevillaises.
Banneville-la Campagne is located some 8 km east of the centre of Caen just south of Sannerville. Access to the commune is by the D675 from Caen which forms the northern border of the commune as it goes east to Troarn. The D227 comes from Sannerville in the north and goes south through the village then continues to join the D225 south of the commune. The D225 comes from Troarn in the east and passes south-west through the eastern part of the commune and continues south to Émiéville. The A13 autoroute (Autoroute de Normandie: Caen to Paris) passes through the heart of the commune and the village from west to east with the intersection with the A813 autoroute (Banneville-la-Campagne to Frénouville) on the south-western border of the commune. The nearest exit is Exit 30 to the D675 just east of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Manneville in the south-west and Le Havre in the south-east. The commune is almost entirely farmland.
The Ruisseau du Pont Bâle forms most of the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Fosse du Val on the northern border of the commune. The Ruisseau de Banneville rises in the commune and flows east to join the Ruisseau du Pont Bâle as does the Cours de Guillerville in the south-east where it forms part of the southern border of the commune.
The name Banneville was attested as Magnevilla in 1198.
The name is a homonym with all the Barnevilles in Normandy.
The complementary determinant -la-Campagne was attested from 1371 and refers to the campagne de Caen (the Caen Plain). This term belongs to the Northern Norman dialect and equivalent to the central French champagne. The Norman-Picard word campagne (Rural area) has been incorporated in standard French.
The name allows it to be distinguished from Banneville-sur-Ajon, another town in Calvados. It is uncertain that it shares the same etymology. The form Barneville sur Ajon was already mentioned in 1371.
In 1828 Banneville-la-Campagne (30 inhabitants in 1821) absorbed Guillerville (100 inhabitants in the southeast of the territory) and Manneville (47 inhabitants in the south-west).
During the Invasion of Normandy Guillerville was attacked on 19 July 1944 by the British 3rd Infantry Division as part of Operation Goodwood as part of the taking of the town of Troarn to the east. British tanks of the 27th Armoured Brigade faced the tanks of the Wehrmacht 21st Panzer Division and Tiger I tanks of the 503rd battalion of heavy tanks. Guillerville was finally liberated in the operation but not Troarn.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 142 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and monuments
- A Chateau Gateway (14th century) is registered as an historical monument. It is the old gateway of the Abbey of Saint-Martin of Troarn which was removed in 1843 for the construction of the road from Troarn to Saint-Samson. It was re-erected, at the request of Gaston-Robert, Marquis de Banneville, in the commune of Banneville where it now serves as the entrance to the chateau.
- Banneville-la-Campagne on Lion1906
- Banneville-la-Campagne on Google Maps
- Banneville-la-Campagne on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Banneville-la-Campagne on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Banneville-la-Campagne on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Google Maps
- Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
- Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, 708 pages, p. 374, ISBN 2-60002-883-8 (French).
- Origin and Etymology of the anthroponym Barni
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (French)
- Communal Notice - Banneville-la-Campagne, LDH/Ehess/Casssini database (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111030 Chateau (French)
- The Heritage of the Communes of Calvados, Vol. 2, Flohic Éditions, 2001, Paris, ISBN 2-84234-111-2, p. 1563 (French)
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