Banning, California

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City of Banning
City
Motto: "Proud History, Prosperous Tomorrow"
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°55′54″N 116°53′51″W / 33.93167°N 116.89750°W / 33.93167; -116.89750Coordinates: 33°55′54″N 116°53′51″W / 33.93167°N 116.89750°W / 33.93167; -116.89750
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Incorporated (city) February 6, 1913 [1]
Area[2]
 • Total 23.099 sq mi (59.826 km2)
 • Land 23.099 sq mi (59.826 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[3] 2,349 ft (716 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,603
 • Density 1,300/sq mi (490/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92220
Area code(s) 951
FIPS code 06-03820
GNIS feature ID 1660306
Website www.ci.banning.ca.us

Banning is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. The population was 29,603 at the 2010 census. It is situated in the San Gorgonio Pass, also known as Banning Pass. It is named for Phineas Banning, stagecoach line owner and the "Father of the Port of Los Angeles."

Banning has a western neighbor, the city of Beaumont, which shares geographic and regional features. Banning and Beaumont have been rapidly growing in size and population since the 1990s. Both cities are about 80 miles east of downtown Los Angeles and 30 miles west of Palm Springs, each connected by freeway and railroad.

History[edit]

The area, up to the mid-19th century, was inhabited by the Cahuilla people, though the region around Banning was originally Maringayam (Serrano), and the Cahuilla expanded into the pass only in historic times. In 1824 it became part of the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, and then the Rancho San Gorgonio. The first Anglo to settle in the area was Dr. Isaac Smith in 1853. In 1863 a smallpox epidemic further diminished the Cahuilla. The government created Indian reservations for the Cahuilla in 1877.

The first stagecoach line came through in 1862, and the railroad followed in 1876. U.S. Route 99 was built in 1923, followed by U.S. Route 60/70 in 1936, and subsequently Interstate 10. The Southern Pacific (later purchased by Union Pacific) railroad, laid down in 1881, was a major contributor to the area's growth.

Banning borders the Morongo Indian Reservation, home to the Morongo Band of Cahuilla (Mission) Indians. Relations with reservation residents have been stressed by such actions as disputes over water rights. See Dorothy Ramon's book (published 2000) "Always Believe" for a Maringayam's views on Banning and reservation life.

Prior to the name Banning, the settlement was called "Moore City". Ransom B. Moore operated a large cattle ranch and was a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, settling in the area and nearby San Gorgonio mountains in the early 1860s. Moore sold his holdings and relocated to central Arizona in 1883, establishing a large cattle ranch on the site of the former Camp Reno army outpost and later served in the Arizona Territorial Legislature. The town was incorporated on February 6, 1913. Between the years 1880 and 1980, it was the largest city in year-round population between Redlands and the Colorado River.[citation needed]

Indian School and cemetery[edit]

The St. Boniface Indian Industrial School was opened in 1890, providing vocational education to Cahuilla, Serrano, Luiseño, Kumeyaay, and other American Indians.[4][5] Bishop Francisco Mora y Borrell authorized the school and Mother Katharine Drexel provided funding to the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions for purchase of the land, construction, and operations.[6][7] Over its history, about 8,000 students attended the school which was demolished in 1974.[6] A small abandoned cemetery remains.[8][9]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, Banning was the site of the 1,000 bed Banning General Hospital. It supported training at the Desert Training Center and was later used as a Naval Convalescent Hospital. The facilities were dismantled in 1948.

City of Banning, public art
City of Banning Ring of Honor

Geography[edit]

Banning is located at 33°55′54″N 116°53′51″W / 33.93167°N 116.89750°W / 33.93167; -116.89750 (33.931729, -116.897557).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.1 square miles (60 km2), all of it land.

Including Beaumont, Banning's elevation is approximately 2,300 feet (700 m) above sea level, which gives it a cooler climate in contrast to the county seat Riverside at 800 feet (240 m) above sea level and the Coachella Valley of the Colorado Desert to the east.

Banning is traversed by the San Andreas Fault which is responsible for the creation of the pass in which the city is situated.

Banning is 25 miles (40 km) west of Palm Springs and 100 miles (160 km) east of Los Angeles.[11]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Banning has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 520
1920 1,810
1930 2,752 52.0%
1940 3,874 40.8%
1950 7,034 81.6%
1960 10,250 45.7%
1970 12,034 17.4%
1980 14,020 16.5%
1990 20,570 46.7%
2000 23,562 14.5%
2010 29,603 25.6%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[13] reported that Banning had a population of 29,603. The population density was 1,281.6 people per square mile (494.8/km²). The racial makeup of Banning was 19,164 (64.7%) White (43.4% Non-Hispanic White),[14] 2,165 (7.3%) African American, 641 (2.2%) Native American, 1,549 (5.2%) Asian, 39 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,604 (15.6%) from other races, and 1,441 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12,181 persons (41.1%).

The Census reported that 28,238 people (95.4% of the population) lived in households, 254 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,111 (3.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 10,838 households, out of which 3,083 (28.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,106 (47.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,488 (13.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 592 (5.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 700 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 75 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,092 households (28.5%) were made up of individuals and 2,085 (19.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61. There were 7,186 families (66.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.

The population was spread out with 6,777 people (22.9%) under the age of 18, 2,730 people (9.2%) aged 18 to 24, 6,048 people (20.4%) aged 25 to 44, 6,387 people (21.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,661 people (25.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

There were 12,144 housing units at an average density of 525.7 per square mile (203.0/km²), of which 7,412 (68.4%) were owner-occupied, and 3,426 (31.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.9%. 17,552 people (59.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,686 people (36.1%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Banning had a median household income of $38,919, with 19.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [14]

2000[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 23,562 people, 8,923 households, and 6,237 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,022 people per square mile (395/km²). There were 9,761 housing units at an average density of 423/sq mi (164/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.2% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 2.5% Native American, 5.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.9% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 30.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,923 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 26.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,076, and the median income for a family was $38,995. Males had a median income of $31,300 versus $20,794 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,231. About 14.8% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Banning is located in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook.

In the United States House of Representatives, Banning is in California's 36th congressional district, represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.[16]

The City of Banning is proposing[17] to raise funds to offset the deficit. Measure L would double the Transient Occupancy Tax from 6% to 12%.

Public services[edit]

Safety[edit]

Banning has had its own police force since shortly after its 1913 incorporation, and for many years also had a regional station of the Riverside County Sheriff's Department (which has moved eastward to neighboring Cabazon). The Beaumont, Palm Springs, Cathedral City, and Desert Hot Springs Police Departments also provide assistance in a major emergency, as well as the California Highway Patrol out of the Beaumont regional station.

The city of Banning contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE.[18]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Banning Unified School District and nearby Beaumont has the Beaumont Unified School District, both districts serve the area. Schools in the Banning USD:

Transportation[edit]

City-owned Banning Municipal Airport, FAA designator: BNG, has a 5,200-foot (1,600 m) runway.

Health care[edit]

San Gorgonio Memorial Hospital is a General Acute Care Hospital in Banning with Basic Emergency Services as of 2005.[19]

Cemetery[edit]

The Summit Cemetery District operates the San Gorgonio Memorial Park, which was established in 1931 as the Banning-Cabazon Cemetery District.[20][21][22] Notable burials include Medal of Honor recipient William Powers Morris.[23][24]

Library[edit]

The Banning Library District operates the Banning Public Library, which was established in 1916 as the Banning Unified School District Library District and became an independent special district in 2005.[25]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.aaroads.com/california/i-010ee_ca.html
  2. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Banning". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ Murkland, Pat (May 10, 2009). "Inside St. Boniface". Ahunika'. Dorothy Ramon Learning Center. 
  5. ^ Harley, Bruce (1994). Readings in Diocesan Heritage. 8, Seek and ye shall find: St. Boniface Indian Industrial School, 1888–1978. San Bernardino, CA: Diocese of San Bernardino. pp. i–137. OCLC 29934736. 
  6. ^ a b "The St. Boniface Indian/Industrial School". Banning Record Gazette. Banning Public Library. September 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ Rathbun, Tanya L. (2006). "6. Hail Mary: The Catholic Experience at St. Boniface Indian School". In Clifford E. Trafzer, Jean A. Keller, Lorene Sisquoc. Boarding House Blues: Revisiting American Indian Educational Experiences. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803244467. OCLC 63703921. 
  8. ^ Holtzclaw, Kenneth M. (2006). Banning. Arcadia Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0738529929. 
  9. ^ Map: Saint Boniface Indian School Cemetery at Find a Grave
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Kline, Andrew (Demand Media). "Airports Near Banning, California." USA Today. Retrieved on August 9, 2013.
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Banning, California
  13. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Banning city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0603820.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ "California's 36th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  17. ^ http://www.ci.banning.ca.us/index.aspx?nid=369 ci.banning.ca.us
  18. ^ http://rvcfire.org/ourDepartment/ServiceArea/Pages/default.aspx
  19. ^ California Department of Health Services
  20. ^ Summit Cemetery District: San Gorgonio Memorial Park; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sunnyslope Cemetery
  21. ^ Find A Grave, photos
  22. ^ 33°56′46″N 116°52′43″W / 33.9461°N 116.8786°W / 33.9461; -116.8786
  23. ^ "William Powers Morris". MilitaryTimes Hall of Valor. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  24. ^ William Powers Morris at Find a Grave
  25. ^ ftp://leginfo.ca.gov/pub/05-06/bill/sen/sb_0401-0450/sb_405_bill_20050628_chaptered.pdf
  26. ^ D.O.A. plot summary on AllMovieGuide
  27. ^ "Most Popular Titles With Location Matching 'Banning, California, USA'" on the Internet Movie Database

Further reading[edit]

  • Lech, Steve (2004). Along the Old Roads: A History of the Portion of Southern California that became Riverside County: 1772–1893. Riverside, CA: Steve Lech. OCLC 56035822. 

External links[edit]