Banoštor

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Banoštor
Баноштор
Village
Serbian Orthodox church
Serbian Orthodox church
Banoštor is located in Serbia
Banoštor
Banoštor
Coordinates: 45°13′N 19°37′E / 45.217°N 19.617°E / 45.217; 19.617
Country  Serbia
Province  Vojvodina
Population (2002)
 • Total 780
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
A river ferry on the Danube river in Banoštor.

Banoštor (Serbian Cyrillic: Баноштор) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Beočin municipality, in the Vojvodina province. Although the village is geographically located in Syrmia, it is part of the South Bačka District. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 780 people (2002 census).

Name[edit]

The name Banoštor means "the monastery of the ban". It was named after a monastery that was founded at this location in the 12th century. The founder of a monastery was the son of the Serbian župan Uroš I, ban Beloš, who was a palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary, and who ruled over Srem from 1142 to 1163.

In Serbian, the village is known as Banoštor (Баноштор) and in Hungarian as Bánmonostor.

History[edit]

Following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC, Celtic tribes settled throughout Serbia, their settlement at Banoštor was called Malata. It was later conquered by the Romans in 1st century BC and was renamed to Bononia. Romans transformed the settlement into a military stronghold with a Roman military unit based here known as Cohors alpinorum. The Roman emperors visited Bononia to conduct a muster of the legionnaries.

The Roman legion named Herkulia VI was also stationed in the town. Two religious altars were also situated near Bononia, one of them was dedicated to Jupiter and another one to Neptune.

Many Serbs from this area were executed as a result of in the Jasenovac Concentration Camp (1941–1945) by the Fascist Croatian regime of Ustashe who sided with Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

Historical population[edit]

  • 1921: 1,095
  • 1931: 1,784
  • 1948: 705
  • 1953: 677
  • 1961: 678
  • 1971: 733
  • 1981: 650
  • 1991: 618
  • 2002: 780
  • 2011: 737

Features[edit]

Banoštor is located on the edge of the Fruška Gora Mountain Range and on the Danube River. Every year around September, the village celebrates the beginning of the wine season with a grape festival called the "Dan Grožđa" or Grape Day and it is dedicated to Sveti Trifun (Saint Trifun), God's overseer of wine growers. The village's Serbian Orthodox Church was rebuilt in the early 19th century and is dedicated to Saint George.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Miloš Lukić, Putevima slobode - naselja opštine Beočin u ratu i revoluciji, Novi Sad, 1987.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°13′N 19°37′E / 45.217°N 19.617°E / 45.217; 19.617