Ban of Slavonia

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Ban of Slavonia or the Ban of the Whole of Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonski ban, Ban cijele Slavonije, Hungarian: szlavón bán, Latin: regni Sclavoniæ banus) was the title of the governor - ban - of a territory part of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary and Kingdom of Croatia.

In the Kingdom of Croatia, Demetrius Zvonimir was the only notable ban, under king Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia. In the Kingdom of Hungary, the ban of Croatia was appointed by the kings of Hungary, and there was at first a single ban for all of the Kingdom of Croatia, but later the Slavonian domain got a separate ban. It included parts of present-day Central Croatia, western Slavonia and parts of northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. The title started being held by a separate dignitary from the title of the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia in 1225, and existed until 1476, when it was joined with the latter title.

According to the public law of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Bans were counted among the "barons of the realm" and thus they enjoyed several privileges connected to their office.

List of Bans of Slavonia[edit]

Under the King of Croatia[edit]

Under the King of Hungary[edit]

Bans of Dalmatia, Croatia and Slavonia[edit]

Bans of Slavonia[edit]

  • Aladar 1225
  • Šalamon 1226
  • Ðula Šikloški (Gyula of Siklós), 1229–1234, third term
  • Opoj 1235–1238
  • Nikola 1240
  • Denis of Türje 1241–1245
  • Ladislav of Kán 1245
  • Rastislav Mstislavić 1247–1248
  • Stjepan of Gutkeled 1248–1260
  • Roland of Ratold 1260/61–1267
  • Henrik of Gising 1267–1270
  • Joachim Pektar 1270–1272
  • Mojs 1272
  • Matija Čak 1272–1273
  • Dioniz of Pécz 1274–1275
  • Ivan of Gising 1275
  • Toma Hontpázmán 1275–1276
  • Ivan of Gising 1276–1277
  • Nikola of Gutkeled 1278–1279
  • Nikola of Gising 1279–1281
  • Petar of Pakrac 1281–1283
  • Radoslav Babonić 1290–1293
  • Henrik of Gising 1291
  • Jakov Kopas 1298–1299
  • Ladislav Ratold 1300
  • Henrik of Gising 1301–1309
  • Stjepan Babonić 1310–1316
  • Ivan Babonić 1316–1322
  • Nikola Omodejev 1322–1324
  • Mikac Mihaljević 1325–1343
  • Nikola Lacković 1342–1343
  • Nikola Bánffy 1343–1345
  • Nikola Bánffy 1345–1346, also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Pavao Ugal 1350, also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Stjepan I Lacković 1350–1352, also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Nikola Bánffy of Lendava 1353–1356, second term, also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Leustahije Ratold 1356–1361
  • Stjepan Kaniški 1362–1366
  • Nikola Széchy 1366–1368
  • Petar Cudar 1368–1380
  • Stjepan and Ivan Bánffy 1381–1385
  • John of Palisna 1385-1386, Co-ruled with relative Ivan (John) Anjou Horvat de Radics (1385,1386,1387), also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Ladislav of Lučenc 1387–1389
  • John of Palisna 1389, also at the time the Ban of Dalmatia and Croatia
  • Detrik Bubek 1389–1392
  • Ladislav Petrov 1392
  • Ivan Horvat 1392–1394
  • Detrik Bubek 1394–1397
  • Nikola II Gorjanski 1397–1401, also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Ladislav Grdevacki (1402–1404), also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Pavao Besenyő (1404), also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Pavao Pecz (1404–1406), also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Hermann II of Celje 1406–1407, also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Pavao Čupor 1412–1415
  • David I / Dionizije IV Lacković 1416–1418, also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Dionizije Marcali 1419–1421
  • Nikola Frankopan 1456–1458, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Ivan Marcali 1457
  • Ivan Vitovec and Nikola Iločki 1457–1463
  • Mirko (Emeric) Zapoljski 1464–1465, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Ivan Thuz from Lak 1466–1467, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Ivan Thuz from Lak 1467–1469
  • Ivan Česmički 1469–1470
  • Blaž Madar Podmanicki 1470–1472, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Nikola Iločki 1472, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Damjan Horvat 1472–1473, also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia
  • Ivan Ernušt 1473–1476

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He was styled "prince and ban of Slavonia" (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries, p. 649).
  2. ^ From the 1220s, several individuals commenced to refer to their clan in the official documents by using the expression de genere ("from the kindred of") following their name which suggests that the relevance even of distant kinship started to increase. See Fügedi, Erik (1986). Ispánok, bárók, kiskirályok ('Counts, Barons and Petty Kings'). Budapest: Magvető Könyvkiadó, p. 79. ISBN 963-14-0582-6

Sources[edit]

  • Bán, Péter (editor): Magyar Történelmi Fogalomtár; Gondolat, Budapest, 1989;
    ISBN 963-282-202-1.
  • Engel, Pál: Magyarország világi archontológiája (1301–1457) (The Temporal Archontology of Hungary (1301-1457)); História - MTA Történettudományi Intézete, 1996, Budapest; ISBN 963-8312-43-2.
  • Kristó, Gyula (editor): Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon - 9-14. század (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries); Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963-05-6722-9.
  • Markó, László: A magyar állam főméltóságai Szent Istvántól napjainkig - Életrajzi Lexikon (The High Officers of the Hungarian State from Saint Stephen to the Present Days - A Biographical Encyclopedia); Magyar Könyvklub, 2000, Budapest; ISBN 963-547-085-1.
  • Stipta, István: A magyar bírósági rendszer története (A History of the Judicial System in Hungary); Multiplex Media - Debrecen University Press, 1997, Debrecen; ISBN 963-04-9197-4

See also[edit]

External links[edit]