Banqiao District

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Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583

Banqiao
板橋區
District
Banqiao District
萬坪都會公園-3.jpg
Banqiao District in New Taipei City
Banqiao District in New Taipei City
Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583
Country  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipality New Taipei City
Established 1846
Area
 • Total 23.1368 km2 (8.9332 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 555,914
 • Density 24,000/km2 (62,000/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 220
Area code(s) 02
Website www.banqiao.ntpc.gov.tw (Chinese)
Banqiao District
Traditional Chinese

Banqiao District (Chinese: 板橋區; pinyin: Bǎnqiáo Qū) is a district and the seat of New Taipei in northern Taiwan (Republic of China). It has the third highest population density in Taiwan. It was formerly the 22nd densest city in the world,[1] with over 24,000 people per square km. Until the December 25, 2010 creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao was an incorporated city (then transliterated as Panchiao) and the former seat of Taipei County.

History[edit]

In the early 20th century, Pankyo (Pankyu) was a walled city and said to be owned by a "very wealthy Chinaman" who had lived there "in feudal style", surrounded by armed retainers.[2] Banqiao District was originated from the county-controlled city Panchiao City of Taipei County which was established on 1 July 1972. The city was upgraded to a district as Banqiao District on 25 December 2010.

Geography[edit]

Banqiao is located in western part of the Taipei Basin of northern Taiwan, in the subtropical climate zone.

Banqiao is surrounded by Taipei to the east, Sanchong to the north, Xinzhuang to the northwest, Shulin to the southwest, Tucheng to the south, and Zhonghe to the southeast. Banqiao is also bordered by two rivers, Xindian River to the northeast and Dahan River to the northwest.

Name origin[edit]

The city's old name was Pang-kio (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fāng-qiáo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pang-kiô; literally: "timbered bridge"), which dates back to the Qing Dynasty during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (1735 - 1796 AD). A wooden bridge was built for pedestrians to cross a brook located in the west of today's Banqiao. The spellings Pankyu, Pankio, and Pankyo can be found in English-language works of the early 20th century.[3][2] In 1920, the Japanese government modified the name to Itabashi (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bǎnqiáo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pán-kiô; literally: "planked bridge").[4] The same characters are still used today, but are read "Banqiao" in Mandarin. However, in Taiwanese Hokkien, the old name "Pang-kiô" is still the norm.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture sector thrived in Banqiao in the 1950s. In the 1960s, manufacturing sector started to appear in the region and in the 1970s industries and commerce have developed. In the 1980-1990s, finance and commercial grew in the area.[5]

Education[edit]

Banqiao is home to several universities, including the National Taiwan University of Arts. The National Banqiao High School is considered one of the top high schools in New Taipei City.[citation needed]

Colleges[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • New Taipei Municipal Banciao High School (新北市立板橋高級中學)
  • New Taipei Municipal Haishan High School (新北市立海山高級中學)
  • National Overseas Chinese High School(國立華僑高級中學)
  • Kuang Jen Catholic High School (天主教光仁高級中學)

Tourist attractions[edit]

The Lin Family Mansion and Garden is a famous residence in the district.

Sports facilities[edit]

Due to its position as the government seat of New Taipei, Banqiao has several sports facilities (including Banqiao Stadium), and the annual New Taipei City sports game is hosted in the city. However, Banqiao lacks major baseball facilities, forcing its baseball fans to go to Taipei City or Xinzhuang District to watch baseball games.

Transportation[edit]

Banqiao Station serves high-speed rail, conventional rail, metro, and bus lines.

Banqiao is well served by multiple public transportation services. Bus lines connect Banqiao with downtown Taipei and nearby cities. Five metro stations are located in Banqiao: four along the Banqiao Line and one on the Tucheng Line. High-speed rail bullet trains and conventional rail TRA trains are served by Banqiao Station. All rails through Banqiao have been located underground since 1997. The future Metro Circular Line will also run through the district.

By road, the district is served by Provincial Highway No. 3 and Provincial Highway No. 64.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of cities proper by population density
  2. ^ a b Chamberlain, B.; Mason, W.B. (1903). A Handbook for Travellers in Japan (7th ed.). London: J. Murray. p. 551. OL 25302448M. Pankyo (Pankyu) 
  3. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. Index p.28. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M. Pankyu. See Pankio 
  4. ^ 細說板橋. Banqiao District Office. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  5. ^ http://foreigner.ntpc.gov.tw/_file/2968/SG/45992/D.html