Banqiao District

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Banqiao District
板橋區
District
New Taipei City Hall
New Taipei City Hall
Location of Banqiao in western New Taipei
Location of Banqiao in western New Taipei
Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583
Country  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipality New Taipei City
Established 1846
Government
 • District Chief Lin Chun-hsiou (林純秀)
Area
 • Total 23.1368 km2 (8.9332 sq mi)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 556,933
 • Density 24,000/km2 (62,000/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 220
Area code(s) 02
Website www.banqiao.ntpc.gov.tw
Banqiao District
Traditional Chinese

Banqiao District (Chinese: 板橋區; pinyin: Bǎnqiáo Qū) is a district and the seat of New Taipei in northern Taiwan (Republic of China). It has the third highest population density in Taiwan. It was formerly the 22nd densest city in the world,[1] with over 24,000 people per square km. Until the December 25, 2010 creation of New Taipei, Banqiao was itself a city (then known as Panchiao) and the former seat of Taipei County.

History[edit]

Banqiao District was originated from the county-controlled city Banqiao City which was established on 1 July 1972. The city was upgraded to a district on 25 December 2010.

Geography[edit]

Banqiao is located in western part of the Taipei Basin of northern Taiwan, in the subtropical climate zone.

Banqiao is surrounded by Taipei to the east, Sanchong to the north, Xinzhuang to the northwest, Shulin to the southwest, Tucheng to the south, and Zhonghe to the southeast. Banqiao is also bordered by two rivers, Xindian River (新店溪) to the northeast and Dahan River (大漢溪) to the northwest.

Name origin[edit]

The city's old name was "Pang-kio" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Fāng-qiáo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pang-kiô; literally: "timbered bridge"), which dates back to the Qing Dynasty during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (1735 - 1796 AD). A wooden bridge was built for pedestrians to cross a brook located in the west of today's Banqiao. In 1920, the Japanese government modified the name (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bǎnqiáo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pán-kiô; literally: "planked bridge"),[2] which is read "Itabashi" in Japanese. The same name is still used today, but is called "Banqiao" in Mandarin Chinese. However, in Taiwanese Hokkien, the old name "Pang-kiô" is still the norm.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture sector thrived in Banqiao in the 1950s. In the 1960s, manufacturing sector started to appear in the region and in the 1970s industries and commerce have developed. In the 1980-1990s, finance and commercial grew in the area.[3]

Education[edit]

Banqiao is home to several universities, including the National Taiwan University of Arts. The National Banqiao High School is considered one of the top high schools in New Taipei City.[citation needed]

Colleges[edit]

High schools[edit]

  • New Taipei Municipal Banciao High School (新北市立板橋高級中學)
  • New Taipei Municipal Haishan High School (新北市立海山高級中學)
  • National Overseas Chinese High School(國立華僑高級中學)
  • Kuang Jen Catholic High School (天主教光仁高級中學)

Tourist attractions[edit]

The Lin Family Mansion and Garden is a famous residence in the district.

Sports facilities[edit]

Due to its position as the government seat of New Taipei, Banqiao has several sports facilities (including Banqiao Stadium), and the annual New Taipei City sports game is hosted in the city. However, Banqiao lacks major baseball facilities, forcing its baseball fans to go to Taipei City or Xinzhuang District to watch baseball games.

Transportation[edit]

Banqiao Station serves high-speed rail, conventional rail, metro, and bus lines.

Banqiao is well served by multiple public transportation services. Bus lines connect Banqiao with downtown Taipei and nearby cities. Five metro stations are located in Banqiao: four along the Banqiao Line and one on the Tucheng Line. High-speed rail bullet trains and conventional rail TRA trains are served by Banqiao Station. All rails through Banqiao have been located underground since 1997. The future Metro Circular Line will also run through the district.

By road, the district is served by Provincial Highway No. 3 and Provincial Highway No. 64.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Karl Smith - Chess grandmaster and noted philanthropist
  • Scott Chang - CEO of Lastertech
  • Hsiao Chung-cheng, M.D. - Superintendent of Hsiao Chung-cheng Hospital 蕭中正醫院
  • The members of Lin family from Banqiao (板橋林家).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°00′40″N 121°26′45″E / 25.01111°N 121.44583°E / 25.01111; 121.44583