The Banská Bystrica Region (Slovak: Banskobystrický kraj) is one of the Slovak regions in the country of Slovakia in Europe. It is the largest of all Slovak regions by area. It was established in 1923 and from 1996 exists in its present borders. Banská Bystrica region consists of 514 municipalities, from which 24 have a status of towns. Administrative center is its seat Banská Bystrica, the largest district town. Another important towns are Zvolen and Brezno.
It is located in the central part of Slovakia and has an area of 9,455 km². The region is prevailingly mountains, with several ranges within the area. The highest of them are the Low Tatras in the north, where the highest point, Ďumbier, is located. Some of the mountain ranges in the west include Kremnica Mountains, Vtáčnik and Štiavnica Mountains. The Javorie and Krupina Plain ranges are located in the centre. The Slovak Ore Mountains are running from the central areas to the east, along with its subdivisions (e.g. Poľana, Veporské vrchy, Muránska planina and Spiš-Gemer Karst). Lower lying areas are located in the south, represented by the Southern Slovak Basin, running along the borders with Hungary. Major rivers are the Hron in the northern half, Ipeľ in the south and centre, Rimava and for short length Slaná in the east. As for administrative division, the region borders Žilina Region in the north, Prešov Region in the north-east, Košice Region in the east, Hungarian Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county in the south-east, Nógrád county in the south and Pest county in the south-west, Nitra Region in the west and Trenčín Region in the north-west.
The population density in the region is 69.5 inhabitants per km², what is the least of all Slovak regions and much less than country's average (110 per km²). The largest towns are Banská Bystrica, Zvolen, Lučenec and Rimavská Sobota. According to the 2001 census, there were 662,121 inhabitants in the region, with a majority of Slovaks (83.7%), but there is a Hungarian minority (11.8%) along Hungarian border, and there are small minorities of Roma (2.3%) and Czechs(<1%).
Administrative division 
The Banská Bystrica Region consists of 13 districts (okresy).
There are 513 municipalities, of which 24 are towns (in bold), where the 56% of the region's population live.
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