Banswara

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Banswara district.
Banswara
city
Banswara is located in Rajasthan
Banswara
Banswara
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45Coordinates: 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Banswara
Government
 • Body Congress
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 100,128
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 327001
Telephone code 02962
Vehicle registration RJ-03
Sex ratio 954 per 1000 males /
Website banswara.nic.in

Banswara is a city in Banswara District in south Rajasthan in India. The princely state of Banswara was founded by Maharawal Jagmal Singh. It is named for the "bans" or bamboo forests in the area. It is also known as 'City of Hundred Islands', due to presence of numerous islands in the Mahi River, which flows through Banswara. Banswara city is governed by City Council (Nagar Parishad) which comes under Banswara Urban Agglomeration. Although the city has population of 100,128, its urban / metropolitan population is 101,177 of which 51,941 are males and 49,236 are females.

Geography[edit]

Banswara is located at 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45.[1] It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 ft).

Banswara District is in southern Rajasthan with an area of 5,037 square kilometres (1,945 sq mi) located between 23.11° N to 23.56° N latitudes and 73.58° E to 74.49° E. longitudes. It is bounded on the north-east by Dhariawad, Pipalkoot & Arnod tehsils of Pratapgarh district of Rajasthan; on the east by Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh; on the west by Sagwara and on north-west by Aspur tehsils of Dungarpur district of Rajasthan; on the south-east by Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh and on south & south-west the Dohad district of Gujarat. The region represents a rugged terrain undulated by short ridges west of Banswara. The eastern part of it is occupied by flat-topped hills of the Deccan trap. It has the southern end of the Aravali mountains. The drainage system belongs to the Mahi river which originates from Amjera hills near Dhar in Madhya Preadesh. Its main tributaries are Anas, Chanp, Erav, Hiran and Kagdi. The Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam has been constructed on the Mahi, about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) away from Banswara town. The Right and Left Main Canals and their distributaries irrigate 60,149 hectares (601.49 km2) of land. Normal annual rainfall is about 82.59 centimetres (32.52 in).

Maize, wheat, rice, cotton soya bean and gram are the main crops. Graphite, soapstone, dolomite, rock phosphate, limestone and a variety of marbles are mined in the region, with some deposits of gold found around Jagpura. About 20% of the area is designated as forested land, but most of the forest land is devoid of trees in the non-monsoon months.[2]

History[edit]

Main article: Banswara State

Banswara (literally "the bamboo country"), was a Rajput feudatory state in Rajputana during British India. It borders Gujarat and is bounded on the north by the native states of Dungarpur and Udaipur or Mewar; on the northeast and east by Partabgarh; on the south by the dominions of Holkar and the state of Jabua; and on the west by the state of Rewa Kantha.

Banswara state was about 45 miles (72 km) in length from north to south and 33 miles (53 km) in breadth from east to west and had an area of 1,606 square miles (4,160 km2).[3] The population in 1941 was 258,760.[4]

Banswara district forms eastern part of the region known as Vagad or Vagwar. The district was formerly a princely state ruled by the Maharavals. It is said that a Bhil ruler Bansia or Wasna, ruled over it and Banswara was named after his name. Bansia was defeated and killed by Jagmal Singh who became the first Maharaval of the princely state. It is named so because of the bamboo (Hindi: बांस) which were found in abundance in the forests.

In 1913 some Bhils revolted under the headship of a social reformer Govindgiri and Punja which was suppressed in November 1913. Hundreds of Bhils were shot dead at the Mangarh hillock where they were holding a peaceful meeting by the Mewar and Sirohi forces. The place has become sacred and is better known as the Mangarh Dham. With the merger of the princely states in the Union of India, the Banswara State and Kushalgarh chiefship got merged in the Rajasthan in 1949 and Banswara was carved out as a separate district by merging these principalities.[5]

Location[edit]

The Banswara district lies in the southernmost part of Rajasthan. It is surrounded by Pratapgarh in the north, Dungarpur in the west, Ratlam and Jhabua districts of Madhya Pradesh in the east and south and Dahod district, Gujarat to the south.

Distance from major cities[edit]

The closest major city to Banswara is Udaipur which is 165 km away. Indore and Ahmedabad are also close, at 215 km and 285 km away respectively. The town is 827 km from New Delhi and 816 km from Mumbai.

Development and technical education[edit]

Since 2012 Government engineering College has been started and in State Budget of 2013-14 declared for Starting of one Medical college in Banswara .[when?]

For opening of one nuclear power plant, & Two Super critical thermal power plant & Railway line (Ratlam -Dungarpur via Banswra) various Proceeding of State Govt is going on.[when?]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[6] Banswara city had a population of 101,177. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Banswara city has an average literacy rate of 86.98%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 92.76% of the males and 81.01% of females literate.

The district is predominantly inhabited by tribals mainly Bhils, Bhil Meenas, Damor, Charpotas, Ninamas, etc. The district population is 17,98,194 (2011). The rural population is 16,70,368 (2011) and the urban population is 127,826(2011). The population density has raised from 298 per square/km (census 2001)to 399 per square/km (census 2011). Average literacy rate of whole district is 52.70% which is lower than the national average of 59.5%. The population under the age of 6(six years) is 12% .

The main occupation of the people, specially of tribals, is agriculture. The tribals live in a small one-room houses, known as "tapra", which lie scattered all over the area.

The other major castes are Patels, Rajputs, Brahmans, Mahajans, and Muslims. The dialect spoken in the district is Wagri, a mixture of Gujrati and Mewari. Literacy has increased to 57.20%(census 2011) from 44.63% (census 2001) but women literacy, is 43.47% (2011) in comparison to 28.43%. (census 2001). In Totality literacy percentage has increased by 12.57% .

Rajasthan is home to tribes that are distinct from the society around them. While a few tribes are medieval in their origin, mainly due to events in history, there are a few who date their origin back to one of the oldest prehistoric civilizations in world; the Indus valley civilization. The history of these tribes dates back to around 1400 BC. At that time the Bhil and Mina tribes ruled the land. The Aryan invasion, represented by horse-drawn chariots and superior bows and arrows, seems to have tyrannized tribal migration to the south and the east. Pushed into the natural hideout forests and the ancient and craggy Aravalli ranges, the Bhil and the Mina tribes survived more easily. The northern, nomadic ethnic intrusions continued into Rajasthan. They were respected by the Sakas, Kusanas, Abhiras, Hunas and others. Quite a large number of these invaders are now covered by the blanket term Rajput whose royal lineage stood upon the ruins of the Gurjara (Pratihara Empire). All too naturally, the warrior-invaders fitted the Aryan material caste of Kshatriyas which in time came to be divided into 36 Rajputs clans. The camouflaged existence of Rajasthan's original inhabitants certainly isolated them from the main stream, keeping them unaware of the changes. Today, they may be considered a backward people but that does not call for any pejorative interpretations of their primitivism.[7]

  • Population:17,98,194 (2011 census)
  • Density of population: 399/km²
  • Literacy: 57.20%
  • Total working population: 32.46%
  • Percentage distribution of work force
    • Cultivators: 75.58%
    • Agricultural labourers: 9.36%
    • Household industry, manufacturing
    • Processing servicing and repairs: 1.25%
    • Other workers: 13.80%

Culture[edit]

Situated amidst the Aravali valley, Banswara represents tribal culture in Rajasthan. With a landscape predominated by bamboo trees (Hindi: बाँस) the region came to be known as Banswara. Banswara town was founded by King Jagmal Singh.[8] The town has eleven and a half Swayambhoo Shivalingas; it was also called 'Lodhikashi' or little Kashi. Yet another name is 'An Area of Hundred Islands'. Situated in southern Rajasthan, the town borders Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Due to this inter-regional neighborhood, the Vagdi culture has emerged as a mixture of Gujarati, Malwi, Rajasthani and Mewari cultures. Banswara district is rich in forests, hills and wildlife. Tribals are the natives of this region. The place is known for its ancient temples and natural beauty.

Climate and rainfall[edit]

The district has a climate which is very much milder than that in the desert regions in further north and north-west.

  • Maximum temperature is 45 degrees Celsius to 46 degrees Celsius.
  • Minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius
  • Normal annual rainfall is 922.4 mm

Civic administration[edit]

Banswara Municipal Board (Nagar palika) has been upgraded to Municipal council (Nagar Parishad).

Government and politics[edit]

In 2014 the MLA of this region is Dhansingh Rawat.

Economy[edit]

Industrial scenario

  • Number of Large and Medium Scale Units: 8,
  • Number of Small Scale Units: 5312,

Main industries

  • Agro-based (oil mills),
  • Blended yarn,
  • Dress material,
  • Marble slabs and tiles,
  • Portland cement,
  • Shirting and suiting,
  • Synthetic yarn and texturised gray cloth yarn.

Utility services[edit]

The total transformer capacity in the district is 63.1 MV·A. Of the 1,431 villages 1,219 villages were electrified up to 31 March 2000.

The Mahi river flows on the borders of Peepalkhoot and Ghatol and Banswara Panchayat Samitis. The Mahi project has the capacity to irrigate an area of 800 square kilometres.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Road transport is the only mode of goods and passengers movement from and to the district. The district headquarters has direct road connection with Ratlam, Dungarpur, Dohad and Jaipur. Total road length in the district is 1,747 km, as of 31 March 2000.

Rail[edit]

The Railway Ministry has approved railway line to be established to connect the Dungarpur and Ratlam station. The total distance between Ratlam to Dungarpur is around 187.6 KM (116.56 mi), Banswara is situated in the centre of these two stations. Recently railway line work in progress and final location for rail track marked by agency.

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is at Udaipur 165 kilometres (103 mi), where there is a helipad and runways for charter planes to Talwada village airstrip around 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Banswara city. There is no airport at Banswara itself, but nearby at Udaipur 160 kilometres (99 mi), Indore (Madhya Pradesh) 212 kilometres (132 mi) & Ahmedabad (Guj) 285 kilometres (177 mi) are major airports close to Banswara.

Fairs and festivals[edit]

Bhill community managed to get the entertainment on particular festival occasions only. Bhills traditionally follow Kharo, Moto and Bhalo Dharms.

  • Holi is the main festival for the tribals. Tribes wear their traditional dresses carrying swords and sticks and performs the "Gair dance" which is a typical tribal dance of this region.
  • Divasa (Haryali Amavasya) is a festival and it is being celebrated on the last day of first fortnight of Shravanmas. On that day special bath is performed on bullocks and animals to praise them as they are God's different posture. Special food items will prepare on that day and enjoys with full of joy.
  • Aamligyaras is celebrated on the 11th day of the bright half of Phalgun and unmarried boys and girls observe fast on this day. They go to a pond in the afternoon, wash themselves and bring small branches of tamarind trees. The Bhils attend the fair armed with bows, arrows and swords. This festival is held at Ghodi Ranchod, Bhim Kund, Sangmeshwar, etc.
  • Baneshwar Fair: The biggest tribal fair is held at Baneshwar at the confluence of Mahi, Som and Jhakham, which are believed to be holy rivers of the region. A number of tribals from Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan gather to immerse the mortal remains of the dead. They worship, sing and dance on Magh Purnima falls sometime in the month of February, which is considered to be a holy period in this region. It starts in Magh Shukla Gyaras and Magh Krishna Panchami (peak period of this fair is Magh Purnima).
  • Ghotia Amba Fair: This is a colorful and traditional fair held every year from Chaitra Thrayodashi to Chaitra Shukla Duje. The Bhils gather to take a holy dip in the tank near the temple with idols of Pandavas. They demonstrate their faith in the holy mango trees and Kaila Pani.
  • Mangarh is an important fair of the tribals and is held on Margshirsha Purnima. At this fair the tribals of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat participate and they pay tribute to Guru Govindgiri, founder of the Samp sabha.
  • Paryushan: Due to dominance of Jain people, their Paryushan is an important festival in this city. This festival affects the business of the city as Jain people are busy for a period of ten days. At the end of this festival the organisation of garba and ras is of great attraction to everybody.Paryushan is the most famous festival among Jain people.

Communication facilities[edit]

  • Number of Post offices 276
  • Number of Telegraph offices 58
  • Number of Telephone exchanges 34
  • Number of Public call offices 815

Medical and Public Health Service[edit]

  • Number of Hospitals 5
  • Number of Dispensaries 3
  • Number of Primary Health Centers 34
  • Number of T.B. Hospitals 1
  • Number of Sub-health Centers 208

Religious places[edit]

shree bheravji dham paloda (Near mince area paloda)Vagvar Sammed Shikhar Teerth Nasiyaji (Nougama), Andeshwar Parshwanath Teerth, Nandni Mata Mandir Barodiyan Nandnimata, Shree Tripura Sundari Temple Umrai (Talwara), Shree Bhrahmaji's Temple, Shree Gatrod Dham (Choupasag, Partapur), Shree Kalyan Dham (Choupasag, Partapur). There are many Jain temples: Shreyansnath digambar Jain temple in Khandu colony, Shri Godi Parshwanath Temple in Oswalwara, Dadawadi Nai Abadi, Navgarh Adinath Jinalaya Temple in Suryanand Nagar, Sumtinath Digambar Jain Mandir in Bahubali Colony. Dawoodi Bohras have a dargah of Abdul Rasul Shaheed in Banswara. ganesh mandir(kodia ganpati), lohariya, jain mandir ,lohriya Khandesvar mahadev (MAL)thse is small town in (DUNGARPUR)

Medical and Public Health Service[edit]

Number of Hospitals 5, Number of Dispensaries 3, Number of Primary Health Centres 42, Number of Community Health Centre 13, Number of T.B. Hospitals 1, Number of Sub-health Centres 401.

Education[edit]

Schools and higher educational institutions in Banswara are administered either by the Directorate of Education, the government, or private organizations. In 2008–09, there were 1,995 primary and middle schools, 283 secondary and senior secondary schools in the city. The higher education institutions in the city included Two Govt P.G.Colleges and & Eight Private colleges .For Technical education one Govt. POLYTECHNIC & one Govt. ENGINEERING COLLEGE & Two ITIs.

Private schools in the city—which employ either English or Hindi as the language of instruction—are affiliated to one of two administering bodies: the Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education Rajasthan (RBSE) and the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE).

Media[edit]

The focus on political reportage, including regular television broadcasts of Indian parliament sessions. Many country-wide media agencies, among them the state-owned Press Trust of India and Doordarshan, are based in the city. Television programming in the city includes two free terrestrial television channels offered by Doordarshan, and several Hindi, English and regional-languages cable channels offered by multi-system operators. Satellite television, in contrast, is yet to gain large-scale subscribership in the city.

Print journalism remains a popular news medium. During the year 2005–06, newspapers—in Hindi languages—were published from the city. Of these, Hindi language newspapers, and included Dainik Bhaskar, Rajasthan Patrika. Other major English newspapers include Indian Express, Business Standard, Times of India, The Hindu.

Sports[edit]

As in the rest of India, cricket is the most popular sport in the city. There are several cricket grounds (or maidans) located across the city, including the Kushalbagh ground and college ground, one of the oldest cricket grounds also has the status as venue for cricket matches. Many archers of the city also made it to the top level. Other sports such as field hockey, football (soccer), basketball, tennis, badminton and table tennis are also popular in the city. Hanumant Singh, from the royal family of Banswara was a renowned cricketer of India.

Attractions[edit]

Religious Places[edit]

  • BHAGWAAN PARSHURAM TEMPLE, LIMTHAN BANSWARA
  • LAXMINARAYAN TEMPLE THIKARIYA, BANSWARA
  • BHIMESHVAR MAHADEV TEMPLE THIKARIYA, BANSWARA
  • HANUMAN TEMPLE BORVAT, BANSWARA
  • NANDANI MATA TEMPLE BARODIYA, BANSWARA
  • Shri Satya Kabir Temple
  • Brahma Temple
  • Madareshwar Temple
  • Paraheada
  • Raj Mandir
  • Ram Kund
  • Sai Baba Mandir
  • Tripura Sundari
  • Andeshwar Parshvnath Temple
  • 1008 Shree Shreyansnath Jain Temple, Khandu Colony, Banswara
  • goverdhan nath temple in nagarwara
  • hatkeswar temple in nagarwara
  • Amba mata temple
  • Talwara ganpati temple
  • Baneshwar Dham, (Triveni Sangam)
  • bherav temple near paloda mines
  • ganesh mandir lohariya
  • jain mandir lohariya

Water gateways[edit]

  • Anand Sagar Lake
  • Diablab Lake
  • Mahi Dam

Picnic[edit]

  • Bhim Kund
  • Kagdi Pick Up Wear
  • Chacha Kota (Prathvigarh)
  • Kadeliya Fall
  • Jua Fall
  • Ram Kund
  • Tripura Sundari
  • Baneshwar Dham (Triveni Sangam)
  • Shirdi Sai Baba Temple (Ratlam Road)
  • Survaniya Dam, Sagdod (Dahod Road)
  • Brahma mandir, Chich (Dahod Road)
  • Bade Hanuman ji, Shyampura forest area, Near Housing Board, Banswara
  • Dialab Hanuman ji, Jaipur Road
  • Abdullah Peer Dargah, Rajtalab-Indira Colony, (Banswara)
  • Andeshwar Parshwanath Jain Temple, Near Tambesra Village, Teh. Kushalgarh, Banswara
  • Shankh Mandir (Temple), Amardeep Nagar, Banswara

places of Historical & Archeological Importance[edit]

  • paloda temple
  • Talwara
  • Brahma Mandir Chhinch
  • Arthuna Temples
  • Jain Temples of Kalinjara & Naugama
  • Palace

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Banswara
  2. ^ http://banswara.nic.in/e_geo.htm
  3. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Banswara". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ "Princely History of Banswara". Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  5. ^ http://banswara.nic.in/e_history.htm
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ Tribals in Rajasthan
  8. ^ "Banswara District". NIC. Retrieved 3 May 2012.