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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Banswara district.
Banswara is located in Rajasthan
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45Coordinates: 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Banswara
 • Body bhartiya janta party
Elevation 302 m (991 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 100,128
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 327001
Telephone code 02962
Vehicle registration RJ-03
Sex ratio 954 per 1000 males /

Banswara is a city in Banswara District in south Rajasthan in India. The princely state of Banswara was founded by Maharawal Jagmal Singh. It is named for the "bans" or bamboo forests in the area. It is also known as 'City of Hundred Islands', due to presence of numerous islands on the Mahi River named "Chachakota" where the islands located, which flows through Banswara. Banswara city is governed by City Council (Nagar Parishad) which comes under Banswara Urban Agglomeration. Although the city has population of 100,128, its urban / metropolitan population is 101,177 of which 51,941 are males and 49,236 are females.


Banswara is located at 23°33′N 74°27′E / 23.55°N 74.45°E / 23.55; 74.45.[1] It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 ft).

Banswara District is in southern Rajasthan with an area of 5,037 square kilometres (1,945 sq mi) located between 23.11° N to 23.56° N latitudes and 73.58° E to 74.49° E. longitudes. It is bounded on the north-east by Dhariawad, Pipalkoot & Arnod tehsils of Pratapgarh district of Rajasthan; on the east by Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh; on the west by Sagwara and on north-west by Aspur tehsils of Dungarpur district of Rajasthan; on the south-east by Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh and on south & south-west the Dohad district of Gujarat. The region represents a rugged terrain undulated by short ridges west of Banswara. The eastern part of it is occupied by flat-topped hills of the Deccan trap. It has the southern end of the Aravali mountains. The drainage system belongs to the Mahi river which originates from Amjera hills near Dhar in Madhya Preadesh. Its main tributaries are Anas, Chanp, Erav, Hiran and Kagdi. The Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam has been constructed on the Mahi, about 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) away from Banswara town. The Right and Left Main Canals and their distributaries irrigate 60,149 hectares (601.49 km2) of land. Normal annual rainfall is about 82.59 centimetres (32.52 in).

Maize, wheat, rice, cotton soya bean and gram are the main crops. Graphite, soapstone, dolomite, rock phosphate, limestone and a variety of marbles are mined in the region, with some deposits of gold found around Jagpura. About 20% of the area is designated as forested land, but most of the forest land is devoid of trees in the non-monsoon months.[2]


Main article: Banswara State

Banswara (literally "the bamboo country"), was a Rajput feudatory state in Rajputana during British India. It borders Gujarat and is bounded on the north by the native states of Dungarpur and Udaipur or Mewar; on the northeast and east by Partabgarh; on the south by the dominions of Holkar and the state of Jabua; and on the west by the state of Rewa Kantha.

Banswara state was about 45 miles (72 km) in length from north to south and 33 miles (53 km) in breadth from east to west and had an area of 1,606 square miles (4,160 km2).[3] The population in 1941 was 258,760.[4]

Banswara district forms eastern part of the region known as Vagad or Vagwar. The district was formerly a princely state ruled by the Maharavals. It is said that a Bhil ruler Bansia or Wasna, ruled over it and Banswara was named after his name. Bansia was defeated and killed by Jagmal Singh who became the first Maharaval of the princely state. It is named so because of the bamboo (Hindi: बांस) which were found in abundance in the forests.

In 1913 some Bhils revolted under the headship of a social reformer Govindgiri and Punja which was suppressed in November 1913. Hundreds of Bhils were shot dead at the Mangarh hillock where they were holding a peaceful meeting by the Mewar and Sirohi forces. The place has become sacred and is better known as the Mangarh Dham. With the merger of the princely states in the Union of India, the Banswara State and Kushalgarh chiefship got merged in the Rajasthan in 1949 and Banswara was carved out as a separate district by merging these principalities.[5]


The Banswara district lies in the southernmost part of Rajasthan. It is surrounded by Pratapgarh in the north, Dungarpur in the west, Ratlam and Jhabua districts of Madhya Pradesh in the east and south and Dahod district, Gujarat to the south.

Distance from major cities[edit]

The closest major city to Banswara is Udaipur which is 165 km away. Indore and Ahmedabad are also close, at 215 km and 285 km away respectively. The town is 827 km from New Delhi and 816 km from Mumbai.

Development and technical education[edit]

Since 2012 Government engineering College has been started and in State Budget of 2013-14 declared for Starting of one Medical college in Banswara .[when?]

For opening of one nuclear power plant, & Two Super critical thermal power plant & Railway line (Ratlam -Dungarpur via Banswra) various Proceeding of State Govt is going on.[when?] Since 2004 a Private PG Gollage Prabha Shanker Pandya College has been started in little town partapur in banswara.[when?]


As of 2001 India census,[6] Banswara city had a population of 101,177. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Banswara city has an average literacy rate of 86.98%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 92.76% of the males and 81.01% of females literate.


Situated amidst the Aravali valley, Banswara represents tribal culture in Rajasthan. With a landscape predominated by bamboo trees (Hindi: बाँस) the region came to be known as Banswara. Banswara town was founded by King Jagmal Singh.[7] The town has eleven and a half Swayambhoo Shivalingas; it was also called 'Lodhikashi' or little Kashi. Yet another name is 'An Area of Hundred Islands'. Situated in southern Rajasthan, the town borders Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Due to this inter-regional neighborhood, the Vagdi culture has emerged as a mixture of Gujarati, Malwi, Rajasthani and Mewari cultures. Banswara district is rich in forests, hills and wildlife. Tribals are the natives of this region. The place is known for its ancient temples and natural beauty.

Climate and rainfall[edit]

The district has a climate which is very much milder than that in the desert regions in further north and north-west.

  • Maximum temperature is 45 degrees Celsius to 46 degrees Celsius.
  • Minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius
  • Normal annual rainfall is 922.4 mm

Civic administration[edit]

Banswara Municipal Board (Nagar palika) has been upgraded to Municipal council (Nagar Parishad).

Government and politics[edit]

In 2014 the MLA of this region is Dhansingh Rawat.

Utility services[edit]

The total transformer capacity in the district is 63.1 MV·A. Of the 1,431 villages 1,219 villages were electrified up to 31 March 2000.

The Mahi river flows on the borders of Peepalkhoot and Ghatol and Banswara Panchayat Samitis. The Mahi project has the capacity to irrigate an area of 800 square kilometres.



Road transport is the only mode of goods and passengers movement from and to the district. The district headquarters has direct road connection with Ratlam, Dungarpur, Dohad and Jaipur. Total road length in the district is 1,747 km, as of 31 March 2000.


The Railway Ministry has approved railway line to be established to connect the Dungarpur and Ratlam station. The total distance between Ratlam to Dungarpur is around 187.6 KM (116.56 mi), Banswara is situated in the centre of these two stations. Recently railway line work in progress and final location for rail track marked by agency.


The nearest airport is at Udaipur 165 kilometres (103 mi), where there is a helipad and runways for charter planes to Talwada village airstrip around 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Banswara city. There is no airport at Banswara itself, but nearby at Udaipur 160 kilometres (99 mi), Indore (Madhya Pradesh) 212 kilometres (132 mi) & Ahmedabad (Guj) 285 kilometres (177 mi) are major airports close to Banswara.


Schools and higher educational institutions in Banswara are administered either by the Directorate of Education, the government, or private organizations. In 2008–09, there were 1,995 primary and middle schools, 283 secondary and senior secondary schools in the city. The higher education institutions in the city included Two Govt P.G.Colleges and & Eight Private colleges .For Technical education one Govt. POLYTECHNIC & one Govt. ENGINEERING COLLEGE & Two ITIs.

Private schools in the city—which employ either English or Hindi as the language of instruction—are affiliated to one of two administering bodies: the Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education Rajasthan (RBSE) and the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE).


The focus on political reportage, including regular television broadcasts of Indian parliament sessions. Many country-wide media agencies, among them the state-owned Press Trust of India and Doordarshan, are based in the city. Television programming in the city includes two free terrestrial television channels offered by Doordarshan, and several Hindi, English and regional-languages cable channels offered by multi-system operators. Satellite television, in contrast, is yet to gain large-scale subscribership in the city.

Print journalism remains a popular news medium. During the year 2005–06, newspapers—in Hindi languages—were published from the city. Of these, Hindi language newspapers, and included Dainik Bhaskar, Rajasthan Patrika. Other major English newspapers include Indian Express, Business Standard, Times of India, The Hindu.


  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Banswara
  2. ^
  3. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Banswara". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ "Princely History of Banswara". Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ "Banswara District". NIC. Retrieved 3 May 2012.