Bant Singh is a lower caste Mazhabi, Dalit Sikh farmer and singer from the Jhabhar village in Mansa district, Punjab, India, who has emerged as an agricultural labour activist, fighting against the power of the landowner. Described by Amit Sengupta as "an icon of Dalit resistance he has been active in organizing poor, agricultural workers, activism that continues despite a 2006 attack that cost him both of his lower arms and his left leg."
After his minor daughter was raped by some powerful men in 2000, he dared take them to court, an unusual occurrence when a Dalit is raped by a non-Dalit, braving threats of violence and attempted bribes. The trial culminated in life sentences for three of the culprits in 2004, "the first time that a Dalit from the region who had complained against upper-caste violence had managed to secure a conviction."
On the evening of 7 January 2006 Bant Singh was returning home through some wheat fields. He had just been campaigning for a national agricultural labour rally to be held in Andhra Pradesh in January. He was suddenly waylaid by a gang of seven men, suspected to be sent by Jaswant and Niranjan Singh, the current and former headmen of his village who have links with the Indian National Congress party. One of them brandished a revolver to prevent any resistance while the other six set upon him with iron rods and axes beating him to pulp.
He was left for dead, and a phone call was made to Beant Singh, a leading man in Jhabhar, to pick up the dead body. However, Bant Singh was alive, though barely.
He was first taken to civil hospital in Mansa but was not given proper treatment there. Then he was taken to the PGI at Chandigarh, where both lower arms and one leg had to be amputated since gangrene had set in by then, and his kidneys had collapsed due to blood loss. The doctor was eventually suspended for his conduct.
- Amit Sengupta, "Untouchable India", p. 82–84 in Index on Censorship, Volume 35, Number 4 (2006).
- Amit Sengupta, The Dalit sword of Mansa, Himāl Southasian, October 2006. Accessed online 1 October 2010.
- Annie Zaidi, Casteist Assault, Frontline (India), Volume 23 - Issue 02, 28 Jan. – 10 Feb. 2006. Accessed online 13 June 2007.
- Paying a price Hindu(India) Monday, 16 January 2006. Accessed online 1 October 2010.
- Bant Singh Can Still Sing, Word, Sound, and Power, Video : Bant Singh Can Still Sing. Accessed online 1 October 2010.
- Amit Sengupta, "Untouchable India", p. 82–84 in Index on Censorship, Volume 35, Number 4 (2006), p. 83, mentions the incident, the bribe demand, and the damage to his limbs, and the doctor's suspension