Bantawa language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bantawa)
Jump to: navigation, search
Bantawa
Region Nepal
Native speakers
400,000  (2001 censuses)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bap
Glottolog bant1281[2]

The Bantawa language is an endangered Tibeto-Burman language spoken in the eastern Himalayan hills of eastern Nepal by Rai ethnic groups. According to the 2001 National Census, at least 1.63% of the Nepal's total population speaks Bantawa. About 370,000 speak Bantawa Language mostly in eastern hilly regions of Nepal (2001). It is experiencing language shift to Nepali.

Dialects[edit]

Most of the Bantawa clan are now settled in Bhojpur, Dharan,Illam and Dhankuta. Recent figures show most of them are settled in Dharan.

  • Northern Bantawa (Dilpali)
Northern subdialects:Mangpahang, Rungchenbung and Yangma
  • Southern Bantawa (Chewali, Okhreli, Hatuwali, Hangkhim)
Southern and Northern Bantawa, similar, could be united as 'Intermediate Bantawa'.
  • Eastern Bantawa (Dhankuta)
Eastern dialect is the most divergent. It is most closely related to Dungmali language, though also related to Puma language, Sampang language, and Chhintange language.
  • Western Bantawa (Amchoke, Amchauke)
Amchaucke dialects: Sorung and Saharaja
  • Wana Bantawa (also called simply Bantawa), spoken by the Bantawa subcaste

Bantawa is also considered as a superior clan in Kirantian family. Su-san Bantawa Rai was the first known ruler of the Bantawa clan. Bantawa is also reportedly in use as a lingua franca among Rai minorities in Himalayan India and Bhutan. Meanwhile the language is just being introduced in a few schools at the primary level (Year 1- Year 5) [3] using Devanagari script.[4] [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bantawa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bantawa". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Jadranka Gvozdanovic. "Morphosyntactic transparency in Bantawa" (.pdf). Himalyan Languages: Past and Present, by Anju Saxena. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  4. ^ "The Bantawa Rai of Nepal". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  5. ^ "Bantawa, A language of Nepal". Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Winter, Werner. 2003. A Bantawa Dictionary. Trends in Linguistics - Documentation 20. Mouten de Gruyter: New York.

External links[edit]