Bantay

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Bantay
Municipality
Bantay Church Ilocos Sur.jpg
Motto: Dur-as Bantay (Progressive Bantay)
Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Bantay
Map of Ilocos Sur showing the location of Bantay
Bantay is located in Philippines
Bantay
Bantay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°35′N 120°23′E / 17.583°N 120.383°E / 17.583; 120.383Coordinates: 17°35′N 120°23′E / 17.583°N 120.383°E / 17.583; 120.383
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Ilocos Sur
District 1st District
Founded 1593
Barangays 34
Government[1]
 • Mayor Samuel G. F. Parilla II
 • Vice Mayor William Argel Pre
Area[2]
 • Land 76.60 km2 (29.58 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 34,323
Demonym Bantayeño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2727
Dialing code 77
Income class 3rd class (1st class on 2013)
Languages Ilocano, Tagalog, and English

Bantay is a municipality of Ilocos Sur, Philippines, situated just northeast of Vigan, the Provincial Capital. Based on the 2010 Population Census, it has a population of 34,323 people.[3]

Geography[edit]

Traversed via the Manila North Road, Bantay is approximately 137 kilometres (85 mi) north of San Fernando City, La Union, the Regional Capital of Ilocos Region, and 406 kilometres (252 mi) from the City of Manila, the Nation's Capital.

Bantay has an average elevation of 100 meters (328.08 feet), with a land area of 7,660 hectares (18,900 acres). It is bounded by the towns like Vigan City; Caoayan; San Vicente; Santa Catalina; Sto. Domingo; Magsingal; and San Quitin, Abra. It is an elevated and hilly municipality but some barangays, especially those near creeks, are being flooded during heavy typhoons.

Barangays[edit]

Bantay is politically subdivided into 34 barangays.[2]

  • Aggay
  • An-annam
  • Balaleng
  • Banaoang
  • Bulag
  • Buquig
  • Cabalanggan
  • Cabaroan
  • Cabusligan
  • Capangdanan
  • Guimod
  • Lingsat
  • Malingeb
  • Mira
  • Naguiddayan
  • Ora
  • Paing
  • Puspus
  • Quimmarayan
  • Sagneb
  • Sagpat
  • San Mariano (formerly Sallacong)
  • San Isidro
  • San Julian
  • Sinabaan
  • Taguiporo
  • Taleb
  • Tay-ac
  • Barangay 1 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 2 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 3 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 4 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 5 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 6 (Pob.)

Domestic and Wildlife[edit]

Bantay's reserved forests and farms make it home to a diverse range of plants, animals, and river creatures. Around more than 60 species can be found in Bantay including over 9 mammal, reptile (including monitor lizards), and amphibian species; 10 bird and fish species; several insects and plants are existing in the farms and wild.

Typical of places all over the Philippines, cattle and water buffalo are domesticated. Herons are often sighted in rice paddies, and beetles (especially the "aros-aros" and the "abal-abal") and crickets come seasonally. Mudfish, carp, the Abra River eel, and other fish abound in its rivers and creeks, most of which are also seasonal. Monkeys, wild boar, and wild chickens can be seen in the mountains, but not as plentiful as before.

Spanish plum trees (known locally as "sarguelas") abound in the municipality, especially in Barangays Paing and Banaoang. Valuable lumber trees such as mahogany and molave abound in its mountains, especially in Caniao. Bamboo also abound in the municipality, especially the "bayug," "bikal," and "bulo" ("buho") varieties.

History[edit]

Creation of the Municipality[edit]

Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo first arrived in Ilocos in 1571 and began setting up tribunals that soon became the seat of municipal governance. Augustinian friars followed in 1572 built the convent and house of worship that later became Iglesia Parroquial de San Agustín (St. Augustine Parish Church). But it was only in 1591 that the parish was recognized or first established, while the town of Bantay was formally founded as a pueblo in 1593 because it was formerly part of Vigan. It is one of the thirty-four (34) towns of the Province of Ilocos Sur, the legal basis of its creation is the Maura Law of 1893 and, thus, was constituted as a separate political subdivision during the American Regime.

Early History[edit]

The early Spanish settlers made the town beautiful by building the 'tribunal', otherwise known as the town hall, the church, bell tower, roads and streets by forced labor. The St. Augustine Church was originally made of bamboo and cogon structure by Bantay residents to house the miraculous Image of Our Lady of Charity, but it was later-on changed into a permanent edifice (built and completed in 1590) because of the good fortune it brought to the people. The Augustinian friars chose St. Augustine de Hippo, the Doctor of Grace, as the Patron Saint and the town fiesta used to be celebrated every 28 August, but because of inclement weather during this month, Most Rev. Alfredo Verzosa (Parish Priest, 1912-1916) caused the transfer of the festivity to May 5 every year.

The original inhabitants of the town have family names with letter "P" taken from the designated listing, as an adopted system of the Spanish rulers in all towns of Ilocos Sur, to easily identify and monitor movement of residents. In a report of Most Reverend Bishop Domingo de Soria on August 15, 1613, the population of Bantay was 4,000 souls while at that time, Vigan has only 2,000. This can be explained by the fact that by then, Bantay parish was very extensive and broad the inclusions of the parishes of Magsingal(separated in 1676), Santo Domingo (separated in 1742), San Ildefonso (separated in 1769), San Vicente (Separated in 1795), Sta. Catalina de Baba (separated in 1795) and Sta. Catalina de Alexandria (now Santa) within its coverage or "bisitas".

One of the Augustinian friars, Rev. Francisco Lopez, a great Augustinian philologist, with the help of Pedro Bukaneg, the blind genius of the Ilocano tongue who was from this place and author of the epic - "Biag Ni Lam-ang", labored hard to translate the Bellarmine Cathechism originally written by Robert Cardinal Bellarmine. The book was approved at the Bantay Convent in 1616 printed in Malayan Script and Spanish alphabet and was first published in 1621. The Bellarmine Catechism was the first book in Ilocano to be printed and its influence on the morality, culture and language of the entire Ilocos is measurable.

Several battles have spillovers in Bantay, one of which was the Ilocos Revolution (Dec. 24, 1762 to May 1763) led by Diego Silang. Here, this heroic figure resolved to kill the bishop-elect Bernardo Ustariz and all Spanish friars imprisoned by him in Bantay. The prisoners prayed fervently to Our Lady of Charity for their deliverance then a Spanish mestizo nicknamed "Miguel Vicos" treacherously killed Silang on May 28, 1763, with a pistol at his makeshift fort that place on a hillside referred to as Calle Encuentro(now Crisologo Street) For the Spaniards, Vicos was their savior and to his honor a commemorative monument was erected in 1763 which became the epitome of the Town Plaza. However, by the end of the 19th century,

Modern[edit]

Inspired with the common vision that it will strengthen and improve the totality of local governance, Municipal buildings [Annex I (Legislative Building) and Annex II (Puericulture Building)] were blessed and inaugurated on December 23, 1999, and May 5, 2003, respectively. Considered as major breakthroughs and milestone feats in the History of Bantay, these massive structures were built to 'reinforce' the Old(Main) Building in order to meet the vast administrative demands and service requirements of the publice clientele. Sourced from Provincial and Municipal funds, these expansion edifices are the lasting tributes of the municipal andministrators (1998-2001 and 2001-2004) showcasing local accomplishment and a legacy during their incumbency.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bantay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 26,024 —    
1995 28,128 +1.47%
2000 30,519 +1.76%
2007 33,174 +1.16%
2010 34,323 +1.25%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

Religion[edit]

About 9% of the total inhabitants are Christians, while the remaining 6% are Muslims or belong to other major religions/sects like .

In the total population of Christian Bantayenos, Roman Catholics are 99%. Since it is occupied by Spaniards during the Early Colonial Period.

Language[edit]

Since the Ilokano language is the Mother Tongue of the Ilocanos, most of the Bantayeños especially the Muslims and Indians speak it alongside Tagalog . However, in schools and during Legislative Sessions (by the Sangguniang Bayan), they are required to speak English.

  • Ilocano - 97%
  • Tagalog - 2%
  • English - 1%

Local government[edit]

Town Officials[edit]

For the 2010-2013 term, Samuel C. Parilla is the elected mayor of the town (since 1988-1998; 2007–present), with Floro Jose P. Peredo, Sr. as the vice mayor. The municipality's Sangguniang Bayan members include Hon. William Pre, Hon. Roberto Reboroso, Hon. William Pacpaco, Hon. Ireneo Quintinita, Hon. Edilberto Mercurio, Hon. Nick Pamuspusan, Hon. Arnold Paz, and Hon. George Leones. Also in the Sangguniang Bayan are ABC President Hon. Gloria Ramirez and Sangguniang Kabataan Federated President Hon. Jonalyn Pre.

Agencies[edit]

  • Department of Education, Culture, and Sports
  • Department of Agriculture
  • National Bureau of Investigation
  • Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • Civil Service Commission
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • Liga ng mga Barangay
  • Land Registry of Deeds

Tourism[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Cultural and historical:

  • Bantay Parish - It serves as the Sanctuary of Nuestra Señora de La Caridad, the Queen of Ilocandia. The church and bell tower are considered to be the two of the oldest structures in the province, as the bell tower was built in 1590 and the church was in the following year. The place, especially the bell tower, is a tourist attraction mostly accessed from Vigan by means of calesas. The original beauty of the structures are still preserved until today.
The scene bridges.
  • Quirino Bridge - This scenic arch bridge traversing the Abra River is located between two beautiful mountains and is built to honor then-President Elpidio Quirino. It was once partly destroyed by Super Typhoon Feria, hence a different-looking third quarter portion. On December 2007, Chinese engineers and a local construction company started to build a new, 456 meter-long replacement, a stone's throw from the original bridge. It was officially opened by then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on December 30, 2009. The old bridge, an iconic symbol of Ilocos Sur, is currently preserved as a tourist attraction.

Natural:

  • Carballo Mountains - The municipality is home to a portion of this mountain range that overlooks the Cagayan Valley and portions of Babuyan Islands, and to which the municipality partly owes its name. The range has two popular mountain peaks, Caniao and Tupira. This is one of the few mountain ranges in Ilocos Sur and the only natural tourist spot of Bantay aside from the Abra River. It has forests and crystal-clear springs, which also supplies drinking water to most of Metro Vigan. It is a destination of the Philippine Army and habitat of unique species like wild pigs and monkeys. Today it is a location of firing ranges, some telecommunications relay facilities (often mistaken by locals as a radar array), and hiking trails. It also houses the headquarters and nursery for a reforestation project conducted by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

Festivals and local events[edit]

Name of Event Date
Canonical Coronation of Nuestra Senora de La Caridad
January 12
Samuel G.F. Parilla II Basketball Tournament
March to May 2 or 3
Samuel G.F. Parilla II Fun Hike
April
Bantay Town Fiesta (new)
May 5
Philippine Independence Day
June 12
Feast Day of St. Augustine of Hippo and (Original Town Fiesta)
August 28
Feast Day of Nuestra Senora de La Caridad
September 1 Sunday
Bantay Community Christmas Program
December

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

The three major educational institutions in Bantay are:

  • St. Paul College of Ilocos Sur (formerly Rosary College) - The oldest privately funded school in Ilocos Sur, founded as an all-girls' educational institution by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres in Vigan. Its former campus near the Vigan Cathedral is now the site of a shopping mall, having recently fully transferred to nearby Bantay. It has recently joined the Saint Paul University System.
  • STI College - Located at Bantay P-Square, this school is a branch of a nationwide chain of schools that offers Computer Education, and many more.
STI Logo
  • Ilocos Sur Community College (ISCC) - A college being operated by the Provincial Government, with its campus located near the Quirino Stadium. The college was founded in 1975.

High Schools[edit]

  • Bantay National High School
  • Tay-ac National High School

Communications and mass media[edit]

Bantay is the official address of the cable provider Eagle Vision which is the home of such cable channels: UPS-18, CORE TV, and Iluko Heritage Channel. ABS-CBN Vigan also holds their office address in Bantay.

TV Stations[edit]

Cable Providers & Cable Stations[edit]

  • Eagle Vision CATV Systems
  • UPS-18
  • CORE TV
  • Iluko Heritage Channel (IHC)

FM radio stations[edit]

  • 98.9 DWIS J FM, owned by the Southern Broadcasting Network

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: ILOCOS SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province of Ilocos Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 

External links[edit]