Banteay Meanchey Province

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Banteay Meanchey
ខេត្តបន្ទាយមានជ័យ
Province
Banteay Meanchey countryside
Banteay Meanchey countryside
Map of Cambodia highlighting Banteay Meanchey
Map of Cambodia highlighting Banteay Meanchey
Coordinates: 13°45′N 103°00′E / 13.750°N 103.000°E / 13.750; 103.000Coordinates: 13°45′N 103°00′E / 13.750°N 103.000°E / 13.750; 103.000
Country  Cambodia
Capital Serei Saophoan
Government
 • Governor H.E. Ong Oeun (CPP)
Area
 • Total 6,679 km2 (2,579 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 13th
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 678,033
 • Rank Ranked 10th
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-1
Districts 8
Communes 64
Villages 624

Banteay Meanchey (Khmer: ខេត្តបន្ទាយមានជ័យ, IPA: [ɓɑntiəj miən cɨj] "Fortress of Victory") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the far northwest. It borders the provinces of Oddar Meanchey and Siem Reap to the east, Battambang to the south, and shares an international border with Thailand to the west. Its capital and largest city is Serei Saophoan.

Banteay Meanchey is the 13th largest province in Cambodia. With a population of 678,033, it ranks as the 10th largest in the nation. The town of Poipet in the western part of the province is an international border crossing into Thailand. Banteay Meanchey is one of the nine provinces that is part of the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Banteay Meanchey means "Fortress of Victory" in Khmer. The Chey part of its name is derived from the Sanskrit word Jaya (जय) meaning Victory, and Banteay meaning Fortress.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The area was part of the extensive Khmer empire. Its most notable remains is the Banteay Chhmar temple in the north of the province, built in 12th century towards the 13th century. Other lesser known temples are the Banteay Neang and Banteay Torp temples.[citation needed]

In the 1795 Siam took control over Western Cambodia, and made the area into Siamese province of Inner Cambodia with the administration capital in Phra Tabong (Battambang). This province lasted until 1907 when Siam traded Inner Cambodia for the return of Trat and Dan Sai. In the same year, King Sisowath decided to split the return Inner Cambodian Province into Battambang Province (which included Sisophon) and Siem Reap Province. When Thailand re annexed western Cambodia 1941, Sisophon was split off Battambang Province and was an administration capital of Phibunsongkram Province which lasted until 1946 when the whole region was return to the French control.[citation needed]

In 1988 the province Banteay Meanchey was split off from Battambang, originally consisting of the five districts Mongkol Borei, Thmar Puok, Serei Saophoan, Preah Net Preah and Phnom Srok.[3]

During the Cambodian Civil Wars of the 1970s and 1980s Banteay Meanchey Province was on the frontlines of much of fighting and as a result it is one of the three most heavily mined provinces in Cambodia along with Pailin and Battambang.[4]

Geography[edit]

Small lake in Serei Saophoan.

Banteay Meanchey is mostly covered by extensive lowlands, with a few uplands to the north and east. The main rivers are the Mongkol Borei and the Sisophon Rivers.

Administration[edit]

The province is subdivided into 8 districts (srok), which are further subdivided in 64 communes (khum) and 634 villages (phum).[5]

ISO Code District Romanization Population
0102 មង្គលបុរី Mongkol Borey 138,190
0103 ភ្នំស្រុក Phnom Srok 45,251
0104 ព្រះនេត្រព្រះ Preah Net Preah 70,673
0105 អូរជ្រៅ Ou Chrov 100,590
0106 សិរីសោភ័ណ Serei Saophoan 98,848
0107 ថ្មពួក Thmar Puok 53,536
0108 ស្វាយចេក Svay Chek 47,960
0109 មាល័យ Malai 22,724

Geocodes are from the National Institute of Statistics.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008. 
  2. ^ http://www.tsbr-ed.org
  3. ^ "Background of Battambang In the past and the present". Battambang town. 
  4. ^ Flooding unearths Cambodia’s landmines, IRIN, PHNOM PENH, 21 October 2013 (IRIN), http://www.irinnews.org/report/98976/flooding-unearths-cambodia-s-landmines
  5. ^ Royal Government of Cambodia
  6. ^ "Districts of Banteay Meanchey". National Institute of Statistics, Cambodia. 

External links[edit]