Banville, Calvados

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For other uses, see Banville.
Banville
A covered well in Banville
A covered well in Banville
Coat of arms of Banville
Coat of arms
Banville is located in France
Banville
Banville
Coordinates: 49°18′48″N 0°29′13″W / 49.3133°N 0.4869°W / 49.3133; -0.4869Coordinates: 49°18′48″N 0°29′13″W / 49.3133°N 0.4869°W / 49.3133; -0.4869
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Bayeux
Canton Ryes
Intercommunality Bessin, Seulles et Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Chrystèle Pouchain
Area1 4.68 km2 (1.81 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 657
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14038 / 14480
Elevation 2–53 m (6.6–173.9 ft)
(avg. 25 m or 82 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Banville is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Banvillais or Banvillaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Banville is located in the Bessin area some 3 km south-west of Courseulles-sur-Mer and 5 km east of Crépon. Access to the commune is by the D12 road from Graye-sur-Mer in the north which passes through the village and continues south-west to Tierceville. The D112A goes west from the village to Sainte-Croix-sur-Mer. The commune is mostly farmland but with a significant sized residential area.[2]

The Seulles river forms the entire eastern border of the commune as it flows north to the English Channel at Courseulles-sur-Mer.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

During the invasion of Normandy Banville was located within 3 kilometres of Juno Beach (Mike sector), the landing zone for Canadian troops. The village was liberated on the 6 June 1944 by the Royal Winnipeg Rifles.[3]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Banville
Blazon:

Vair.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1945 1981 Pierre Bianquis
1981 2008 Florence Lefrancois
2008 2020 Chrystèle Pouchain

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 657 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
684 623 641 612 624 626 630 611 601
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
560 557 537 517 508 454 442 418 410
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
390 356 324 295 328 301 317 351 368
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
356 382 407 475 514 585 612 657 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Banville

Culture and heritage[edit]

Remains of the Lavoir
The remains of the Roman Camp
An Underground living cave in the Roman camp

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Reviers Bridge (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Hervot Farmhouse at 12 rue du Bout du Haut (1913)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at 25 Rue du Camp Romain (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Notable's House at 8 Rue du Marché (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Route de Reviers (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Chateau (1545)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Girls' Primary School (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The old Town Hall (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Village (Neolithic)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • Houses (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
Other sites of interest

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Presbytery at 10 Rue du Bout du Haut (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Calvary at Route de Courseulles-Sur-Mer (1912)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Lo (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

Théodore de Banville by Bénédict Masson 1862

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ "Map of the advance of troops from Juno Beach", Dictionary of the Landings, under the direction of Claude Quétel, p. 412, Ouest-France, March 2011. (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121776 Reviers Bridge (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121773 Hervot Farmhouse at 12 rue du Bout du Haut (French)Camera aabb.svg
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121774 Farmhouse at 25 Rue du Camp Romain (French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121772 Notable's House at 8 Rue du Marché (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121775 Lavoir at Route de Reviers (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121770 Chateau (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121769 Girls' Primary School (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121768 Town Hall (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121765 Village (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121764 Houses (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ The Artificial cavities of la Falaise in the Camp de la Burette, at Banville (Calvados), Léon Coutil, 1918 (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121771 Presbytery at 10 Rue du Bout du Haut (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121767 Calvary at Route de Courseulles-Sur-Mer (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121766 Parish Church of Saint-Lo (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001828 Stole (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001827 Ciborium (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001826 Monstrance (French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001825 Way of the Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001824 Chalice with Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001823 Processional Banner IM14001822 Processional Banner IM14001821 Processional Banner (French)Camera aabb.svg
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001820 Painting: Nativity (French)Camera aabb.svg
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001819 Statue: Virgin and child (French)Camera aabb.svg
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001818 Statue: Saint Nicolas de Bari (French)Camera aabb.svg
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001817 Cross: Christ on the Cross (French)Camera aabb.svg
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001816 2 banks of Stalls (French)Camera aabb.svg
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001815 Paschal Candlestick (French)Camera aabb.svg
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001814 Rood beam (French)Camera aabb.svg
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001813 Baptismal font (French)Camera aabb.svg
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001812 7 Stained glass windows: Seven Sacrements (French)Camera aabb.svg
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001811 6 Stained glass windows (French)Camera aabb.svg
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001810 Furniture in the Church (French)Camera aabb.svg