Baoji–Chengdu Railway

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Baocheng Railway near Yangpingguan.
Baoji–Chengdu Railway
to Longhai Railway
0 km Baoji
to Longhai Railway
Wei River
Baoji South
45 km Qinling
67 km Honghuapu
91 km Fengzhou
103 km Feng County
entering Gansu Province
120 km Hongqing
125 km Lijiahe
135 km Liangdang
151 km Hui County
re-entering Shaanxi Province
174 km Baishuijiang
182 km Hongweiba
190 km Matiwang
199 km Xujiaping
208 km Hengxianhe
215 km Lueyang County
237 km Lesuhe
247 km Gaotanzi
259 km Juting
to Yangpingguan–Ankang Railway
271 km Yangpingguan
283 km Yanziban
entering Sichuan Province
302 km Datan
323 km Chaotian District
341 km Ranjiahe
350 km Guangyuan
to Guangyuan–Wangcang Railway
Guangyuan South
Zoumaling
Zhaohua
Shaxiba
415 km Zhuyuan
Banzhuyuan
Majiaoba
Erlang Temple
Houba
Xiaoxiba
Shuanghekou
512 km Jiangyou
Sanhechang
Shimaba
554 km Mianyang
Zaojiaopu
Tanjiaba
584 km Luojiang
Huangxu
608 km Deyang
Shifang
631 km Guanghan
to Chengdu–Wenchuan Railway
to Dazhou–Chengdu Railway
Xindu District
to Chengdu–Pujiang Railway
669 km Chengdu
to Chengdu–Kunming Railway

The Baoji–Chengdu Railway or Baocheng Railway (simplified Chinese: 宝成铁路; traditional Chinese: 寶成鐵路; pinyin: bǎochéng tiělù), is a mixed single- and double-track, electrified, railroad in China between Baoji in Shaanxi province and Chengdu in Sichuan province. The Baocheng Line is the main railway connection between the northern/northwestern and southwestern China. The line has a total length of 668.2 km and passes through mostly mountainous terrain in southern Shaanxi, eastern Gansu and northern Sichuan.[1] It opened in 1961 as the first rail outlet from Sichuan, and in 1975 became the first railway in China to be electrified.[1] Other cities along route include Mianyang, Guangyuan, Guanghan and Lueyang.

Line Description[edit]

Baocheng Railway near the Jialing River.

The Baocheng Line runs from the plains of the Sichuan Basin to the Wei River Valley. It traverses the Qin Mountains, the east-west range that divides northern from southern China. The line has 304 tunnels and 1,001 bridges, which collectively account for 17% of the total track length.[1]

In Baoji, the line meets the Longhai Railway, on which trains can travel east to Xian and the Central Plains or west to Lanzhou and the northwest. At Yangpingguan, the line intersects with the Yangpingguan–Ankang Railway which branches eastward along the Han River Valley. In Chengdu, the line connects with the Chengyu Line to Chongqing, Chengqian Line to Guizhou, and Chengkun Line to Kunming.

History[edit]

The opening of the first electrified railway in China on August 15, 1961. (Baocheng Railway, Baoji - Fengzhou section).

The Baocheng Line was originally proposed in Sun Yat-sen's 1913 China National Railway Plan as part of the Datong-Chengdu Railway. Construction began in Chengdu on July 1, 1952 and from Baoji in January 1954.[1] The line opened on January 1, 1958.[2] The Baoji-Fengzhou section electrified in 1961, becoming the first railway to be electrified in the country.[2] The entire line was electrified in 1971.[2] Construction of a second track between Chengdu and Yangpingguan began in 1993 and was completed in 1999. From Yangpingguan to Baoji, the line remains single-track. The railway was badly damaged by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.[2]

The Baoji–Chengdu Railway, together with the Xi'an-Baoji section of the Longhai Railway, presently forms the main railway route between Xi'an and Chengdu (and, in general, between North China and Sichuan). However, the Xi'an–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, now under construction between these two cities (work started in 2010-2012), is expected to take over much of the passenger traffic on this route.

Rail junctions[edit]

Sichuan Province

Shaanxi Province

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Chinese) "第八期 宝成铁路" 中国制造之科技" Accessed 2010-05-22
  2. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 宝成铁路建成通车 腾讯大秦网 2013-05-28