Baoni State

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Baoni State
باونی
Princely State
1784–1948

Flag of Baoni

Flag

History
 -  Established 1784
 -  Indian independence 1948
Area
 -  1901 313 km2 (121 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 19,780 
Density 63.2 /km2  (163.7 /sq mi)
Hunter, Sir William Wilson. (1885). The Imperial Gazetteer of India (London: Trübner & Co.). 

Baoni State was a Muslim Princely state in India during the British Raj.[1] It was situated in the Betwa-Yamuna doab, Uttar Pradesh, with Kadaura as its seat of government. The Baoni Royal Family are descendants of the Asaf Jahi ruling family of Hyderabad. The House of Baoni traces its root to Abu Bakr, the First Islamic Caliph.[2]

The state was bounded on the north by the district of Cawnpore in the western district of Jalaun and to the south and east by the district of Hamirpur (all of the United Provinces). The word 'Baoni' originated in the Hindustani language word Baon, meaning 52 (fifty-two).[3]

History[edit]

Baoni State was founded in 1784 by a branch of the dynasty of Nizam Asaf Jah of Hyderabad State and the rulers took the title of Nawab. The founder was Imad al-Din al-Mulk Ghazi Khan, Asaf Jah of the Nizam of Hyderabad and Wazir of the Mughal Empire, who made a deal with the Maratha Peshwa and got a jagir of 52 villages near Kalpa. The state became a British protectorate in 1806, following the defeat of the Maratha confederacy. The capital was moved from Kalpa to Kadaura soon afterwards.

The last governor, Muhammad al-Hasan Mushtaq, signed the document of accession to India August 15, 1947 and continued to rule the state that joined the Union of States of Vindhya Pradesh on April 2 of 1948 and remained as head of the state until December 31, 1949.[4]

Rulers[edit]

Nawabs[edit]

  • 1784 - 1 Sep 1800 `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
  • 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815 Naser ad-Dowla (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
  • 11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838 Amir al-Molk (d. 1838)
  • 18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859 Mohammad Hosayn (d. 1859)
  • 18 Aug 1859 - 5 Oct 1883 Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn (d. 1895)
  • 5 Oct 1883 - 27 Jun 1893 Mohammad Hasan Khan (b. 1863 - d. 1893)
  • 27 Jun 1893 - 27 Oct 1911 Riaz al-Hasan Khan (b. 1876 - d. 1911) (recognized 2 Aug 1894)
  • 27 Oct 1911 - 15 Aug 1947 Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan (b. 1896 - d. 1977)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buyers, Christoper. "Baoni". The Royal Ark. Retrieved 2010-04-12. 
  2. ^ Hunter, Sir William Hunter; Cotton, James Sutherland; Burn, Richard; Meyer, William Stevenson (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India (Oxford: Great Britain India Office, Clarendon Press). 
  3. ^ The Baoni State
  4. ^ Baoni Princely State (11 gun salute)
  5. ^ Princely States

Coordinates: 25°59′N 79°51′E / 25.98°N 79.85°E / 25.98; 79.85