Baptisia

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Baptisia
Baptisia australis - false blue indigo - desc-flower front view.jpg
Baptisia australis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Sophoreae[1]
Genus: Baptisia
Vent.
Species

27–30; see text.

Baptisia (false indigo, wild indigo) is a genus in the legume family, Fabaceae. They are flowering herbaceous perennial plants with pea-like flowers, followed by pods, which are sometimes inflated. They are native to woodland and grassland in eastern and southern North America. The species most commonly found in cultivation is B. australis.[2]

Baptisia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the jaguar flower moth, Schinia jaguarina.

Species[edit]

Baptisia comprises the following species:[3][4][5][6]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[5]

  • Baptisia auriculata Sweet
  • Baptisia lupinoides Burb.
  • Baptisia retusa Raf.

Hybrids[edit]

The following hybrids have been described:[5]

  • Baptisia ×bushii Small
  • Baptisia ×variicolor Kosnik, et al. (Baptisia australis × Baptisia sphaerocarpa)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ A–Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley in association with the Royal Horticultural Society. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Baptisia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Last edited on 1 November 2005 (rebuilt on 24 April 2013). Retrieved 14 May 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Baptisia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "The Plant List entry for Baptisia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Baptisia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ a b Young AS, Chang S-M, Sharitz RR. (2007), "Reproductive ecology of a federally endangered legume, Baptisia arachnifera, and its more widespread congener, B. lanceolata (Fabaceae)", Am J Bot 94 (2): 228, doi:10.3732/ajb.94.2.228