Bapu (film director)

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Bapu
Bapu when conferred the "Vishwa Vikyata Dharshaka Maharishi" award.jpg
Bapu when conferred with the "Vishwa Vikyata Dharshaka Maharishi" award
Born Satthiraju Lakshminarayana
(1933-12-15)December 15, 1933
Narsapur, British India
Died August 31, 2014(2014-08-31) (aged 80)
Chennai, India
Alma mater University of Madras
Website
bapuartcollection.com

Bapu (born Satthiraju Lakshmi Narayana; December 15, 1933[1] – August 31, 2014[2]) was an Indian film director, known for his works in Telugu cinema.[3] He is a music artist, painter, illustrator, cartoonist, and designer. In 2013, he was awarded the Padma Shri, for his contribution to Indian art and cinema. He breathed his last on August 31, 2014.[4]

He has won two National Film Awards, 3 Filmfare Awards, six state Nandi Awards, In 1996, He has appeared in the Doordarshan Documentary Eminent Cartoonists of India. He gained international recognition through his art works viz., Bapu Bomma, The Navarasas, and the Indian Dances etc., which were held at the National Film Theatre, London, in 1978 and at the innumerable Telugu Conferences in the United States.[5] He has worked as a graphic artist for J Walter Thomson, Efficient Publicities and F. D. Stewarts, Chennai.[6]

He was a delegate at the seminar in Bangalore on Children’s Books sponsored by UNESCO in 1964. The same year, he gave demonstrations for the training course programme on book illustrations and cover designs sponsored by UNESCO in Chennai. In 1960's he has served as art Consultant for Ford Foundation sponsored The Southern Language Book Trust. He has designed and illustrated several books for leading publishers in South India out of which, five received Government Awards. He has also done the same for innumerable works drawn from the puranas and folklore.[6] He was also introduced Bollywood hindi great actor Anil Kapoor in 1980 Debut films like Vamsa Vruksham & Hum Paanch.He has also directed 12 Bollywood films.

He has directed Bollywood films like Hum Paanch, Seeta Swayamvar, Anokha Bhakt, Bezubaan, Woh Saat Din, Pyari Behna, Mohobbat, Mera Dharam, Diljala and Prem Pratigya. He has also directed a Tamil film Neeti Devan Mayagugiran.[7] Bapu's directorial venture saakshi was showcased at Tashkent film festival in 1968.[8] Seeta Kalyanam was screened at the BFI London Film Festival, Chicago International Film Festival, San Reno and Denver International Film Festivals in 1978, and is part of the course at the British Film Institute.[9] Tyagayya (1981 film) was showcased at the Indian Panorama of International Film Festival of India in 1982[10] Bapu's 2011 film Sri Rama Rajyam had a special screening at International Film Festival of India on November 28, 2011.[11]

Early life and background[edit]

Bapu was born on December 15, 1933, in Narsapur, West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India in a Niyogi family to Sattiraju Venugopala Rao and Surya Kantham. He has worked as a political cartoonist for the newspaper Andhra Patrika in 1945. He holds B.Com (1953) and BL (1955) from University of Madras.[6]

Painting[edit]

Bapu introduced a painting style of simple bright colors. His unique style consisted of economy of strokes, freehand drawing and a lack of background clutter.

His paintings focus on Hindu mythological characters, and he has painted the Hindu epic Ramayana as a pictorial story. His character portrayals, such as Shiva, Bhima, Duryodhana, look distinctly male with wide chests, large jaws and large biceps; while Krishna and Rama are more feminine in build. Bapu has also introduced a new style of cursive writing in Telugu. The font is his own handwriting and reflects the same simplicity as his art.

Bapu's paintings also decorated the cover pages of many magazines in India and Abroad. Telugu Naadi Magazine published from USA for Telugu audience have published Bapu's great paintings. Bapu also later served on their advisory board to guide and have an outstanding content for the magazine that catered to Telugu people.

Cinematic style[edit]

The most notable achievement in Bapu's movie making is his success in capturing the nativity of the Telugu people and translating it into visuals. His movies center on realistic family issues and relationships, however his recurring theme is magic realism, with vignettes of mythological characters aiding in the narration.

Most of his movies have a female protagonist; a breakaway style from the formulaic movies that relegate female lead characters to song and dance numbers. His penchant for preserving the Telugu nativity in his movies can be seen in the choice of artists, especially the dusky female leads and weak villains.

Association with Ramana[edit]

Baapuramaneeyum,the film-director-writer duo,Mullapudi Venkata Ramana on the right

Bapu met Mullapudi Venkataramana in 1942 in P.S. High School, Madras. They studied there in standards V and VI and then continued schooling at Kesari High School.Ramana’s first short story 'Amma Maata Vinakapothe' was published in 1945 in 'Bala', a children's magazine published by Radio Annayya (Nyayapathi Raghava Rao),he was 14 then. Bapu illustrated the story. That was the beginning of their career as a writer-producer -illustrator- filmmaker duo”.

Started as an illustrator-story writer team and then turning into a film-director-writer duo, they have contributed immensely to the enrichment of Telugu cultural ethos through literature and cinema. When one mentions Bapu, then one is bound to mention Ramana's name too and vice versa. The most notable achievement in his movie making is his success in capturing the nativity of Telugu people and translating it great on-screen visuals. When ever the renowned duo of Bapu and Ramana come together for a project, viewers expect a spectacular visual of nativity with an equally enthralling storyline.

Their mythological ventures like Sampoorna Ramayanam, Ramanjaneya Yuddham and Seeta Kalyanam have been the milestones of Telugu cinema, while historical films like Thyagayya, Bhakta Kannappa and Sree natha kavisarvabhouma have been hugely successful. Bapu-Ramana combination has created movie magic on the large screen with some of the path breaking films in Telugu cinema and are ever remembered for films like Radha kalyanam, Velugu needalu, Bharyabharthalu, Bhogimanta, Mutyala muggu, Sakshi, Mr. Pellam, Pelli pustakam and Manavoori Pandavulu which popularised actors of those days like Krishna, Krishnam Raju, Chiranjeevi and Ravu Gopalarao.

Collaborations with other artists[edit]

He worked with Satyam Sankaramanchi and drew 101 pictures for each of the stories in Amaravati Kathalu. Bapu is one-half of the Bapu-Ramana (Mullapudi Venkata Ramana) pair that made movies in Telugu cinema. Ramana provided an able foil, providing script and dialogue to suit Bapu's visuals.

Bapu collaborated with Ramana to give life to Ramana's child prodigy character Budugu in the form of appealing caricatures.

Death[edit]

Bapu had suffered heart stroke many times through out his career. He was admitted into a hospital at chennai in mid August 2014. He experienced a severe heart stroke on August 31, 2014 following which he passed away on the same day after battling with acute illness.[2]

Awards and honours[edit]

Civilian honours
National honours
National Film Awards
Filmfare Awards
Nandi Awards
Other honours

Filmography[edit]

As director
  1. Sakshi, 1967
  2. Bangaru Pichika, 1968
  3. Buddhimantudu, 1969
  4. Inti Gowravam, 1970
  5. Balaraju Katha, 1970
  6. Drohi, 1970
  7. Sampoorna Ramayanam, 1971
  8. Andala Ramudu, 1973
  9. Shri Ramanjaneya Yuddham, 1974
  10. Mutyala Muggu, 1975
  11. Seeta Kalyanam, 1976
  12. Sri Rajeswari Vilas Coffee Club, 1976
  13. Bhakta Kannappa, 1976
  14. Sita Swayamvar, 1976
  15. Sneham, 1977
  16. Manavoori Pandavulu, 1978
  17. Goranta Deepam, 1978
  18. Anokha Shivbhakt, 1978
  19. Toorpu Velle Railu, 1979
  20. Vamsa Vruksham, 1980
  21. Rajathi Raju, 1980
  22. Kaliyuga Ravanaasurudu, 1980
  23. Bandish, 1980
  24. Hum Paanch, 1980
  25. Takkar, 1980
  26. Tyagayya, 1981
  27. Radha Kalyanam, 1981
  28. Bezubaan, 1981
  29. Krishnaavataram, 1982
  30. Pelleedu Pillalu, 1982
  31. Kaliyuga Ramudu, 1982
  32. Naa Desam, 1982
  33. Neethi Devan Mayangugiran, 1982 (Tamil)
  34. Edi Dharmam Edi Nyayam, 1982
  35. Mantri Gari Viyyankudu, 1983
  36. Mundadugu, 1983
  37. Mawaali, 1983
  38. Woh Saat Din, 1983
  39. Seetamma Setha, 1984
  40. Ghar Ek Mandir, 1984
  41. Seetamma Pelli, 1984
  42. Maqsad, 1984
  43. Mohabbat, 1985
  44. Pyari Behna, 1985
  45. Chattamtho Poratam, 1985
  46. Bullet, 1985
  47. Jackie, 1985
  48. Mera Dharam, 1986
  49. Pyaar Ka Sindoor, 1986
  50. Kalyana Thamboolam, 1986
  51. Diljala, 1987
  52. Pyar Ka Mandir, 1988
  53. Prem Pratigyaa, 1989
  54. Pelli Pusthakam, 1991
  55. Pyar Hua Chori Chori, 1991
  56. Parda Hain Parda, (1992)
  57. Kasak, (1992)
  58. Mr. Pellam, 1993
  59. Srinatha Kavi Sarvabhowmudu, 1993
  60. Pelli Koduku, 1994
  61. Paramaatma, 1994
  62. Diya Aur Toofan, (1995)
  63. Rambantu, 1996
  64. Radha Gopalam, 2005.
  65. Sundarakanda, 2008
  66. Sri Rama Rajyam, 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b About Bapu at the Wayback Machine (archived March 1, 2012). bapubomma.com
  2. ^ a b "Telugu filmmaker Bapu is dead". The Hindu. 31 August, 2014. Retrieved 1 September, 2014. 
  3. ^ Balakrishna to act in Bapu's mythological film – Oneindia Entertainment. Entertainment.oneindia.in (2010-09-29). Retrieved on 2013-01-25.
  4. ^ Veteran Telugu director Bapu aka Lakshmi Narayana Sathiraju gets Padma Shri
  5. ^ Bapu art works, Nutan Prasad, secretary - Ravindra Bharathi cultural center, Hyderabad
  6. ^ a b c The Hindu article on Bapu
  7. ^ Bapu – filmography. idlebrain.com. Retrieved on 2013-01-25.
  8. ^ Metro Plus Visakhapatnam / Cinema : Mullapudi leaves behind enduring legacy. The Hindu (2011-03-05). Retrieved on 2013-01-25.
  9. ^ Arts / Cinema : Preview: Epic comes full circle. The Hindu (2011-11-12). Retrieved on 2013-01-25.
  10. ^ Directorate of Film Festival. Iffi.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-01-25.
  11. ^ Sri Rama Rajyam at IFFI at the Wayback Machine (archived November 27, 2011). Deccan Chronicle (2011-11-27).
  12. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=kh-2AAAAIAAJ&dq=gnana+oli&q=kamalahasan#search_anchor
  13. ^ Collections. Update Video Publication. 1991. p. 395. 
  14. ^ Filmfare Awards (South): The complete list of Winners

External links[edit]