Bar'am

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For other uses, see Bar'am (disambiguation).
Bar'am
Bar'am is located in Israel
Bar'am
Bar'am
Coordinates: 33°03′30″N 35°26′00″E / 33.05833°N 35.43333°E / 33.05833; 35.43333Coordinates: 33°03′30″N 35°26′00″E / 33.05833°N 35.43333°E / 33.05833; 35.43333
Region Upper Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 16 June 1949
Founded by Demobilized Palmach soldiers
Website www.baram.org.il
Ruins of the ancient synagogue at Kfar Bar'am

Bar'am (Hebrew: בַּרְעָם, lit. Son of the People) is a kibbutz located in northern Israel. Located approximately 300 meters from Israel's border with Lebanon near the ruins of the ancient Jewish village of Kfar Bar'am.[1] Bar'am National Park is known for the remains of one of Israel's oldest synagogues.[2] The kibbutz falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council.

History[edit]

Bar'am was established in ancient times. At an unknown point subsequent to the Arab conquest of the seventh century but before the thirteenth century, the Jewish population had left the village, which became a mixed villages made up of Christians and Muslims called Kafr Bir'im on the Lebanese border when the inhabitants were expelled by Israel Defense Forces in November 1948.[3] In 1949, with cross-border infiltration a frequent occurrence, the government of the new State of Israel decided not to allow Arab villagers to return to the border zone, which included Bir'im, for security reasons.[4]

Ruins of the depopulated Maronite village

Bar'am was founded on 14 June 1949 to guard and hold the border with Lebanon by demobilized Palmach soldiers. The Muslim population was forcefully evicted and despite a legal ruling in favour of the local Christian population the village was bombed and destroyed by the Israeli airforce. The kibbutz was established as a secular settlement of the Hashomer Hatzair movement. The kibbutz, with more than 250 members and 200 children, continues to expand despite its close proximity to Israel's northern border.

Economy[edit]

Bar'am has orchards where apples, pears, nectarines, plums, and kiwi are grown, and a packing plant, where the fruit is sorted, packed and kept in cold storage until it is delivered to markets throughout Israel. Other crops include corn, peanuts and sunflower seeds. In addition, the kibbutz has ponds for fish farming. The kibbutz also has land holdings cultivated with cotton in the Hula Valley, near Ne'ot Mordehai.

The kibbutz also has a factory that manufactures plastics for medical purposes. Elcam Medical produces precision injection-molded, disposable medical devices - http://www.elcam-medical.com

Culture[edit]

The kibbutz operates the Bar David Museum, which houses bi-annual exhibitions from the large permanent collection of paintings and Jewish ritual objects, plus temporary exhibitions of fine art, sculpture and photography, and a small Archeology Room that exhibits objects from the region, such as ceramic and glass artifacts and jewelry and statuettes.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Judaism in late antiquity, Jacob Neusner, Bertold Spuler, Hady R Idris, BRILL, 2001, p. 155
  2. ^ Art and Judaism in the Greco-Roman world: toward a new Jewish archaeology, Steven Fine, Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp. 13-14
  3. ^ Benny Morris (2004): The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, ISBN 0-521-00967-7, p. XXII, settlement #160.
  4. ^ Israel's border wars, 1949-1956: Arab infiltration, Israeli retaliation, and the countdown to the Suez War, Benny Morris, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 124
  5. ^ Bar-David Museum of Jewish Art and Judaica

External links[edit]