Bar, Ukraine

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Bar
Бар
City
General view of Bar.
General view of Bar.
Flag of Bar
Flag
Coat of arms of Bar
Coat of arms
Bar is located in Ukraine
Bar
Bar
Coordinates: 49°04′30″N 27°40′34″E / 49.07500°N 27.67611°E / 49.07500; 27.67611
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Vinnytsia Oblast.svg Vinnytsia Oblast
Raion Bar Raion
First mentioned 1401 (as Rov castle)
Magdeburg law 1540
City rights 1938
Named for Bari in Italy
Government
 • City Head Oleksiy Dzis
Area
 • Total 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 16,442
 • Density 2,890/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 23000-23005
Area code(s) +380-4341
Sister cities Kwidzyn
Website http://www.bar-city.com.ua/

Bar (Ukrainian: Бар; Polish: Bar) is a town located on the Rov River in the Vinnytsia Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Bar Raion (district), and is part of the historic region of Podolia. Population: 16,442 (2013 population estimate)[1].

History[edit]

Roman Catholic church, 1811

The city was a small trade outpost named the Row the XIII - XV centuries, and it was described as the Rov for the first time in 1425.[2]

In the sixteenth century the Polish Queen Bona Sforza founded a fortress on the rocky outcrop above the river and named it Bar in 1537, after her hometown of Bari in Italy.

In 1540 the Polish King Sigismund I the Old granted the nearby town city rights. The fortress was besieged several times in its history and resisted all assaults. But during the Khmelnytsky Uprising of 1648 it was captured by the Cossacks led by Maxym Kryvonis and severely damaged. The town was depopulated soon afterwards.

In 1672 the Town of Bar was captured by the Ottoman Empire and became a seat of the local administration. On November 12, 1674, the town and the fortress were recaptured by the forces of John III of Poland after four days of siege. But the Ottomans recaptured the city in 1675 and retained it until 1686 (nominally until 1699). It was constantly ravaged by Turks and Poles in turn between 1686 and 1699.

On February 29, 1768, the Bar Confederation was started in the fortress. After the Second Partition of Poland, the town fell under Russian Empire rule and was part of Podolia Governorate.

The Town of Bar was comprehensively described in the M.Sc. thesis by Mikhail Grushevsky: Bar community. Historical outlines in XV - XVIII centuries. The international conference on the Town of Bar history will be held on September 26, 2014.[3]

After 1922, the Town of Bar was part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Since 1991, following the fall of the Soviet Union, it has been part of independent Ukraine.

Viktor Bunyakovsky, noted as a mathematician of the 19th century, was born in the city in 1804. The Bunyakovsky International Conference was conducted in the City of Kyiv in Ukraine in 2004, and a tour to the Town of Bar was organized for all the conference participants.[4]

Henryk Jablonski, a Polish writer, was born in Bar in 1828.,[5][6]

Shlomo Hillels, an Israely writer, was born in Bar in 1873.[7]

Jacobo Timerman was born in Bar in 1923, and became internationally renowned as an editor and journalist in Argentina. His Jewish family emigrated to Argentina in 1928 when he was a child to escape persecution and pogroms in Ukraine. Timerman used his writing to struggle for press freedom and the rights of the disappeared during the Dirty War. He was kidnapped, tortured and imprisoned by the military dictatorship, before being exiled.

Viktor O. Ledenyov, a famous physicist,[8] was born in Bar in 1971.

Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky wrote a few of his well-known writings while living in Bar. His house is a place of interest for the Ukrainian and foreign tourists and it is under reconstruction.

Mykola P. Yoltukhovsky, a historian and a physicist by degree, contributed his personal efforts to collect the historical information on the local community developments in Bar over the years [9]

At present time, Bar [10] is a center of the Ukrainian culture and an attractive tourist destination with a large number of the old Ukrainian castles such as the St. Anna Castle,[11] the Pokrovsky Monastery,[12] and Bar Fortress,[13] which require more investment.[14]

Polish tourists like to visit St. Anna Cathedral. The new building for the Polish - Ukrainian Friendship Center was built in 2013, but it still needs more financing to complete the internal architectural works.[15]

German tourists prefer to visit the Town of Bar, because they like the green tourism.

Many Ortodox Jewish tourists from New York in the USA and the Tel-Aviv in Israel visit Bar every year.[16][17]

There is a nice modern library in Bar, where a large number of books on the history of Bar can be found.[18] Margaret Hankamp, JD, New York Law School, New York University, USA [19] worked on the Bibliomist program [20] to modernize the central library. The Bibliomist is a part of Global Libraries initiative of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)

There are a few educational institutions in the Town of Bar, for example: the Humanitarian Pedagogical College, where the students can study the English language and other subjects;[21][22] the Automobiles and Roads College [23][24] the Buildings Construction College [25]

There are several industrial companies in the Town of Bar, for instance, the Bar Industrial Machinery Plant [26]

There is a modern Air Traffic Control Center with the beyond-visual-range-radar nearby , which provides air traffic control services in the English language for aircraft in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine.[27] There is also an airport, which helicopters and light airplanes can use.

There is a railway station nearby [28][29]

There is an inter-city bus station in Bar,[30][31]

The main local newspaper is The Barchany,[32] which discusses the local news mostly. The other nespaper is The Podol'sky Krai,[33][34] which provides information on the local news and developments.

Bar has a continental European climate.[35]

The photographs of various sights in Bar are shown at ,[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?linkpath=pages%5CB%5CA%5CBar.htm
  3. ^ http://www.bar-library.com/index.php? page=145&news=419
  4. ^ http://www.imath.kiev.ua/~syta/bunyak/
  5. ^ https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%AF%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%81%D1%8C%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%93%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BA
  6. ^ http://www.worldcat.org/title/gwido-i-dumki/oclc/750056910
  7. ^ https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81,_%D0%A8%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BE
  8. ^ http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.4426
  9. ^ https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%99%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%82%D1%83%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D1%8C%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9C%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0_%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87
  10. ^ http://www.bar-city.com.ua/
  11. ^ http://bar.glo.ua/cultura/kostel-sv-anny.html
  12. ^ http://bar.glo.ua/cultura/pokrovskij-monastyr-v-bare.html
  13. ^ http://bar.glo.ua/cultura/barskij-zamok.html
  14. ^ http://www.vininvest.gov.ua/geo/index.php?area=0&action=5&lv=en
  15. ^ http://www.ruinyizamki.pl/kresy/bar.html
  16. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Bar.html
  17. ^ http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/ukraine/bar.html
  18. ^ http://www.bar-library.com
  19. ^ http://www.linkedin.com/pub/margaret-hankamp/11/a19/389
  20. ^ http://www.bibliomist.org/en/
  21. ^ http://bar-bgpk.at.ua/
  22. ^ http://www.osvita.com.ua/colleges/4/
  23. ^ http://badtntu.com.ua/ru
  24. ^ http://www.osvita.com.ua/colleges/148/
  25. ^ http://www.osvita.com.ua/colleges/162/.
  26. ^ http://www.barmash.com.ua/
  27. ^ http://uksatse.ua/index.php?s=fa2fd909ae9a2bf3eb89ab204c35dd6e&act=Part&CODE=309&lang=en
  28. ^ http://e-kassa.com/rasp/stancija-bar-ukraina.html
  29. ^ http://poezdato.net/raspisanie-po-stancyi/bar,vinnitskaya-obl/
  30. ^ http://bus.com.ua/cgi-bin/tablo.pl?as=050700
  31. ^ http://bus.turcompas.com/Bar
  32. ^ http://www.bar-city.com.ua/gazeta_barchani/index.htm
  33. ^ http://www.ua-region.info/02471376
  34. ^ http://www.spr.ua/bar-i-barskiy-rayon/podolskiy-kray-redaktsiya-rayonnoy-gazeti-kommunalnoe-gp.html
  35. ^ http://www.gismeteo.com/city/daily/13118/
  36. ^ http://www.bar-city.com.ua/gallery/index.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°04′30″N 27°40′34″E / 49.07500°N 27.67611°E / 49.07500; 27.67611