General view of Bar.
|First mentioned||1401 (as Rov castle)|
|Named for||Bari in Italy|
|• City Head||Oleksiy Dzis|
|• Total||5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,890/km2 (7,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Bar (Ukrainian: Бар; Polish: Bar) is a town located on the Rov River in the Vinnytsia Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Bar Raion (district), and is part of the historic region of Podolia. Population: 16,442 (2013 population estimate).
The city was a small trade outpost named the Row the XIII - XV centuries, and it was described as the Rov for the first time in 1425.
In 1540 the Polish King Sigismund I the Old granted the nearby town city rights. The fortress was besieged several times in its history and resisted all assaults. But during the Khmelnytsky Uprising of 1648 it was captured by the Cossacks led by Maxym Kryvonis and severely damaged. The town was depopulated soon afterwards.
In 1672 the Town of Bar was captured by the Ottoman Empire and became a seat of the local administration. On November 12, 1674, the town and the fortress were recaptured by the forces of John III of Poland after four days of siege. But the Ottomans recaptured the city in 1675 and retained it until 1686 (nominally until 1699). It was constantly ravaged by Turks and Poles in turn between 1686 and 1699.
The Town of Bar was comprehensively described in the M.Sc. thesis by Mikhail Grushevsky: Bar community. Historical outlines in XV - XVIII centuries. The international conference on the Town of Bar history will be held on September 26, 2014.
Viktor Bunyakovsky, noted as a mathematician of the 19th century, was born in the city in 1804. The Bunyakovsky International Conference was conducted in the City of Kyiv in Ukraine in 2004, and a tour to the Town of Bar was organized for all the conference participants.
Jacobo Timerman was born in Bar in 1923, and became internationally renowned as an editor and journalist in Argentina. His Jewish family emigrated to Argentina in 1928 when he was a child to escape persecution and pogroms in Ukraine. Timerman used his writing to struggle for press freedom and the rights of the disappeared during the Dirty War. He was kidnapped, tortured and imprisoned by the military dictatorship, before being exiled.
Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky wrote a few of his well-known writings while living in Bar. His house is a place of interest for the Ukrainian and foreign tourists and it is under reconstruction.
At present time, Bar  is a center of the Ukrainian culture and an attractive tourist destination with a large number of the old Ukrainian castles such as the St. Anna Castle, the Pokrovsky Monastery, and Bar Fortress, which require more investment.
Polish tourists like to visit St. Anna Cathedral. The new building for the Polish - Ukrainian Friendship Center was built in 2013, but it still needs more financing to complete the internal architectural works.
German tourists prefer to visit the Town of Bar, because they like the green tourism.
There is a nice modern library in Bar, where a large number of books on the history of Bar can be found. Margaret Hankamp, JD, New York Law School, New York University, USA  worked on the Bibliomist program  to modernize the central library. The Bibliomist is a part of Global Libraries initiative of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)
There are a few educational institutions in the Town of Bar, for example: the Humanitarian Pedagogical College, where the students can study the English language and other subjects; the Automobiles and Roads College  the Buildings Construction College 
There are several industrial companies in the Town of Bar, for instance, the Bar Industrial Machinery Plant 
There is a modern Air Traffic Control Center with the beyond-visual-range-radar nearby , which provides air traffic control services in the English language for aircraft in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine. There is also an airport, which helicopters and light airplanes can use.
Bar has a continental European climate.
The photographs of various sights in Bar are shown at ,
- "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- http://www.bar-library.com/index.php? page=145&news=419
- Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- Bar castle
- "Bar, a town of Russia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
- "Bar, Russia". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
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