Bara is a village mainly having two Jatt Sikh surnames Heer & Chakkal . It is archeological site in Rupnagar district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is located on the left bank of a seasonal monsoon rivulet called Budki Nadi, about 6 kilometers east of the city of Ropar in Punjab. Bara is the site of significant archeological excavations connected with the Indus Valley Civilization. It has some evidence of being home to a culture (sometimes called Baran culture) that was a pre-Harappan strand of the Indus Valley Civilization. Baran and Harappan cultures may have intertwined and coexisted in some places, such as Kotla Nihang Khan, also in modern-day Punjab.
- K.D. Bajpai, Rasesh Jamindar, P. K. Trivedi, Ramanlal Nagarji Mehta, Gleanings of Indian archaeology, history, and culture, Publication Scheme, 2000, ISBN 978-81-86782-64-4,
... Bara lies on the left bank of a monsoon rivulet known as Budki Nadi and is six kilometers southwest of Rupar. It is more known for Bara culture than the Mature phase of Harappa culture ...
- Romila Thapar, Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations, Orient Blackswan, 1978, ISBN 978-81-250-0808-8,
... there appears to be a continuity of pre-Harappan cultures into the second millennium B.C. at sites in the Sutlej valley and the upper Saraswati (e.g. Bara and Siswal A) ...
- Shadaksharappa Settar, Ravi Korisettar, Indian Archaeology in Retrospect: Prehistory, archaeology of South Asia, Indian Council of Historical Research, 2002, ISBN 978-81-7304-319-2,
... The mound at Kotla Nihang Khan is divided into two sectors: eastern and western. The eastern sector mainly has Urban Harappan pottery like the dish-on-stand, goblets with pointed base, shallow flat dish with flaring sides ... The western part has Urban Harappan elements mixed with Bara Ware from the lower levels. Sharma (1982: 141) thinks that ... initially, in Phase I, the Harappans occupied the eastern area, but with the advent of the Barans ...
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