Bara, Punjab

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Bara is a village mainly having two Jatt Sikh surnames Heer & Chakkal .It is archeological site in Rupnagar district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is located on the left bank of a seasonal monsoon rivulet called Budki Nadi, about 6 kilometers east of the city of Ropar in Punjab.[1] Bara is the site of significant archeological excavations connected with the Indus Valley Civilization.[2] It has some evidence of being home to a culture (sometimes called Baran culture) that was a pre-Harappan strand of the Indus Valley Civilization.[2] Baran and Harappan cultures may have intertwined and coexisted in some places, such as Kotla Nihang Khan, also in modern-day Punjab.[3]

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  1. ^ K.D. Bajpai, Rasesh Jamindar, P. K. Trivedi, Ramanlal Nagarji Mehta, Gleanings of Indian archaeology, history, and culture, Publication Scheme, 2000, ISBN 978-81-86782-64-4, "... Bara lies on the left bank of a monsoon rivulet known as Budki Nadi and is six kilometers southwest of Rupar. It is more known for Bara culture than the Mature phase of Harappa culture ..." 
  2. ^ a b Romila Thapar, Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations, Orient Blackswan, 1978, ISBN 978-81-250-0808-8, "... there appears to be a continuity of pre-Harappan cultures into the second millennium B.C. at sites in the Sutlej valley and the upper Saraswati (e.g. Bara and Siswal A) ..." 
  3. ^ Shadaksharappa Settar, Ravi Korisettar, Indian Archaeology in Retrospect: Prehistory, archaeology of South Asia, Indian Council of Historical Research, 2002, ISBN 978-81-7304-319-2, "... The mound at Kotla Nihang Khan is divided into two sectors: eastern and western. The eastern sector mainly has Urban Harappan pottery like the dish-on-stand, goblets with pointed base, shallow flat dish with flaring sides ... The western part has Urban Harappan elements mixed with Bara Ware from the lower levels. Sharma (1982: 141) thinks that ... initially, in Phase I, the Harappans occupied the eastern area, but with the advent of the Barans ..."