|Regions with significant populations|
|Russia||8,380 (Novosibirsk Oblast 7,000-8,000; Omsk Oblast 300-1,000)|
|Baraba dialect of Siberian Tatar, Russian, Tatar|
|Sunni Islam, Shamanism|
The Baraba Tatars (self definition: Paraba) are a sub-group of Siberian Tatars and the indigenous people of the Ob-Irtysh interfluve. After a strenuous resistance to Russian conquest, and much suffering at a later period from Kyrgyz and Kalmyk raids, they now live by agriculture — either in separate villages or along with Russians. Some of them still speak Baraba dialect of Siberian Tatar language. They traditionally live on the Baraba steppe.
They were first mentioned as a separate ethnic group in the Russian Empire Census in 1897 and First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union in 1926. According to 1897 Census their population was 4,433. In 1926 there were 7,528 Baraba Tatars.
Baraba Tatar language has intermediate position between western (Kipchak) and eastern branches of Turkic languages.
Baraba Tatars are Sunni Muslims. They accepted Islam in the late 18th and early 19th century, but they retained many Shamanistic elements-cult of spirits: of water, earth, forest...
Hunting and fishing. only in 18th century became the main occupation cattle breeding. On the end of 19th century it started to spread agriculture.
Wixman, Ronald. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (Armonk: M. E. Shapre, 1984) p. 22
- Радлов В. В. Из Сибири: Страницы дневника. — М.: Наука. Главная редакция восточной литературы, 1989.— 749 с. ISBN 5-02-017025-9 (Russian)
- Güllüdağ, Nesrin 2913. "Baraba Tatarlarının dili üzerine bir inceleme." In AVRASYA Uluslararası Arastırmalar Dergisi 2(3):88-128. Temmuz 2013. (Turkish)
- Корусенко, С.Н.; Кулешова, Н.В. (1999). Генеалогия и этническая история барабинских и курдакско-саргатских татар. Новосибирск: Наука. p. 6. (Russian)
- Селезнёв, А.Г. (1994). Барабинские татары: Истоки этноса и культуры. Новосибирск: Наука. p. 6. (Russian)
- "В Новосибирской области осталось два коренных народа". НГС.НОВОСТИ. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014. (Russian)