Baraba dialect

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Baraba
Paraba
Native to Russia
Region Siberia
Native speakers
unknown (8,000 cited 1979)[1]
Turkic
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog bara1273[2]
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Baraba or Baraba Tatar is spoken by at least 8,000 Baraba Tatars in Siberia. It is a dialect of Siberian Tatar.[3] While middle aged individuals and the young generation speak the Russian and Tatar languages, Baraba Tatar language is used by the older generation.[4]

Geographic Distribution[edit]

Baraba Tatar is spoken mainly in the Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia. Standard Volga–Ural Tatar is used as the literary language.

Differences from Volga–Ural Tatar[edit]

Baraba Tatar possesses a number of features that distinguish it from Volga–Ural Tatar:

  • Change of /ɕ/ to /ts/: /ɕæɕ//tsæts/ "hair"
  • Devoicing of initial plosives: /bʌʃ//paʃ/ "head"
  • Devoicing of final /z/ to /s/: /sez//sis/ "you (plural)"
  • Lack of sound changes /e/ ↔ /i/ and /o/ ↔ /u/: /jort/ → /jurt/ "home", /kil-/ → /kel-/ "come"

Sounds[edit]

Consonants[edit]

The consonants of Baraba
Labial Dental Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive p b t d k ɡ q
Affricate ts
Fricative (f) (v) s (z) ʃ (ʒ) x ɣ h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral Glide l
Trill r
Semivowel w ɥ j
  • Sounds in paretheses appear only in loan words.
  • The sounds [ts] and [tʃ] appear in free variation. The replacement of /tʃ/ with /ts/ is a feature that distinguishes Baraba from Volga–Ural Tatar.[5]

Vowels[edit]

The vowels of Baraba
Front Central Back
High i y ɯ u
Mid e ø ë ø̈ ö o
Low æ a

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire". Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-21. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Baraba". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Tumasheva, D. G. [Тумашева Д. Г.] 1977. Диалекты сибирских татар. Опыт сравнительного исследования. Казань, 1977 (Russian)
  4. ^ Güllüdağ, Nesrin 2013. "Baraba Tatarlarının dili üzerine bir inceleme." In AVRASYA Uluslararası Arastırmalar Dergisi 2(3):88-128. Temmuz 2013. (Turkish)
  5. ^ Дмитриева, Л. В. (1981). Язык Барабинских Татар (Материалы и Исследования) (in Russian). Leningrad: Академия Наук СССР.