Barabani (community development block)

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Barabani
বরাবনি সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Barabani is located in West Bengal
Barabani
Barabani
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°45′25″N 87°01′30″E / 23.75694°N 87.02500°E / 23.75694; 87.02500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Barabani
Area
 • Total 58.11 sq mi (150.50 km2)
Elevation 328 ft (99 m)
Population (2001)
 • Total 110,361
 • Density 1,900/sq mi (733/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713334
Area code(s) +91 341
Literacy Rate 63.57 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Barabani (community development block) is an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Barabani and Asansol (North) police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Domohani Bazar. Pangachhiya and Bhanowara are urban areas in this block.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Barabani is located at 23°45′25″N 87°01′30″E / 23.757°N 87.025°E / 23.757; 87.025.

Barabani community development block has an area of 150.50  km2.[2]

The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[3]

Nunia, a small stream about 40 km long has its origin near Adra village in the Salanpur area, flows through the Barabani area, past Asansol and joins the Damodar in the Raniganj area.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Barabani block/panchayat samiti are: Barabani, Domohani, Itapara, Jamgram, Nuni, Pangachhia, Panuria and Punchra.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Barabani block had a total population of 110,361, out of which 57,735 were males and 52,626 were females. Barabani block registered a population growth of 9.97 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 34,630 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 16,905.[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Barabani block had a total literacy of 63.57 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 75.99 per cent female literacy was 49.88 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent. [8]

Economy[edit]

Barabani is in the heart of the Raniganj Coalfields of Eastern Coalfields Limited., under Coal India Limited. Illegal mining is rampant in the area. Barabani has around 23 illegal ‘bhattas’ (ovens) processing and selling coal.[9]

Transport[edit]

There is a rail track: Andal-Sonachara-Tapasi-Ikra-Jamuria-Barabani-Chinchuria-Sitarampur,[10](See Andal-Sainthia Branch Line for route map details). Passenger trains were stopped on this section from 1998[11] but the transport system was restarted in the month of April, 2011. Only one local train facility is available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 26-27
  5. ^ "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  9. ^ [1] Ratholes of Ranigunj, Frontline. Nov-Dec 2001.
  10. ^ Eastern Railway – Asansol Division See Schematic Diagram under the heading ‘About Us’
  11. ^ Ganashakti

External links[edit]