Barabazar (community development block)

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Barabazar (CD Block)
বড়বাজার সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Barabazar (CD Block) is located in West Bengal
Barabazar (CD Block)
Barabazar (CD Block)
Coordinates: 23°05′30″N 86°12′42″E / 23.09167°N 86.21167°E / 23.09167; 86.21167
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Jhargram
Assembly constituency Bandwan
Area
 • Total 158.57 sq mi (410.69 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 146,917
 • Density 930/sq mi (358/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 45.77
Website http://purulia.gov.in/

Barabazar (community development block) is an administrative division in Purulia Sadar West subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Barabazar police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Barabhum. Barabazar is an urban area in this block.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[3]

Geography[edit]

Barabhum is located at 23°05′30″N 86°12′42″E / 23.0918°N 86.2117°E / 23.0918; 86.2117.

Barabazar community development block has an area of 410.69  km2.[2]

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Barabazar block/panchayat samiti are: Baghbandh, Banjora, Bansbera, Barabazar, Berada, Dhelat-Bamu, Latpada, Sindri, Sukurhutu and Tumrasole.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Barabazar block had a total population of 146,917, out of which 74,234 were males and 72,683 were females. Barabazar block registered a population growth of 13.60 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[6]

Scheduled castes at 12,194 formed less than one-tenth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 31,172, forming around one-fifth the population.[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Barabazar block had a total literacy of 45.77 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 65.41 per cent female literacy was 25.14 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Purulia district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  5. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  7. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Purulia District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-08.