Barak (given name)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Barack)
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 44th President of the United States, see Barack Obama.
For other uses, see Barak (disambiguation).

Barak, also spelled Barac, Barack, and Baraq, is an Arabic and Hebrew given name with two distinct spellings in each of those languages. It derives from two different Semitic roots B-R-K and B-R-Q each with its own orthography and etymology. The name "Mubarak" (Arabic: مبارك‎, Mubārak) is an Arabic variation of one of these (see below).

B-R-K[edit]

The first consonantal spelling, B-R-K (Arabic: بارك‎, Bārak, and Hebrew: ברךּBārak), is most commonly associated in Arabic with the meaning "blessed" as well as the meanings "to make to kneel down" (said of the camel), "to stoop", and "to cower". In Hebrew, it can be traced from Phoenician, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Akkadian, and Classical Arabic roots having the meanings, "knee", "kneel", "prostrate", "venerate", "bless", "be blessed", and "boon" as well as (camel's, human) "chest" and sometimes "curse" or "blaspheme".[1]:p.48[2]:p.121

In Arabic, the prefix mu- as used in Arabic: مبارك‎, Mubārak connects the word which follows it with the word before it, making the former an adjective of the latter, hence its use as a surname translates to "the blessed".

B-R-Q[edit]

The consonantal spelling B-R-Q (Arabic: بُراق‎, Burāq and Hebrew: ברק‎, Bārāq) is the second form. The meaning of this form in Arabic is "to shine", "to gleam", "to lighten", and "to open widely" (said of the eyes). Similarly, the Hebrew significance is "lightning", "flash", "to give light" and "to be visible".[1]:p.47[2]:p.122

The Biblical character Barak, a military commander in the Book of Judges, is the eponymous holder of this name.

People named Barak[edit]

Notable people with the name include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Corriente, Federico (1977). A dictionary of Andalusi Arabic. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9004098461. 
  2. ^ a b Murtonen, Aimo (1986). Hospers, J.H., ed. Hebrew in its West Semitic setting: a comparative survey of non-Masoretic Hebrew dialects and traditions. Leiden: E.J. Brill. ISBN 9789004088993.