Location of Baraga in Baraga County, Michigan
|• Total||2.18 sq mi (5.65 km2)|
|• Land||2.12 sq mi (5.49 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (192 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,027|
|• Density||968.4/sq mi (373.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||2398031|
The village is located in Baraga Township on the L'Anse Bay on Lake Superior at the junction of US 41 and M-38. The Baraga ZIP code 49908 also serves areas of northern and northwestern Baraga Township.
Baraga began with the establishment of the Holy Name Mission at this site by Rev. Frederic Baraga in 1843.
The post office opened with the name Bristol on June 29, 1869 and changed to Baraga on May 11, 1870.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,053 people, 527 households, and 310 families residing in the village. The population density was 968.4 inhabitants per square mile (373.9/km2). There were 580 housing units at an average density of 273.6 per square mile (105.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 44.9% White, 29.4% African American which includes the population of Baraga Maximum Security Prison, 22.0% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 527 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.0% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the village was 35.7 years. 15.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 40.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.6% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 68.8% male and 31.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,285 people, 544 households, and 326 families residing in the village. The population density was 569.6 per square mile (219.5/km²). There were 605 housing units at an average density of 268.2 per square mile (103.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 68.79% White, 0.16% African American, 23.97% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 6.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population. 25.5% were of Finnish, 9.9% French, 9.2% German and 6.3% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 544 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.9% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the village the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $26,290, and the median income for a family was $33,906. Males had a median income of $31,838 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,795. About 9.8% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Baraga, Michigan
- 49908 5-Digit ZCTA, 499 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 census
- Walter Romig. Michigan Place Names. (Grosse Pointe, Michigan: Walter Romig, not dated) p. 42
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Baraga Post Office
- "HANCOCK-MARQUETTE-GREEN BAY-MILWAUKEE". Indian Trails. January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
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