Baraga County, Michigan

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Baraga County, Michigan
Baraga County Courthouse and Annex.JPG
Baraga County Courthouse and annex, July 2014.
Seal of Baraga County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Baraga County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded February 19, 1875[1][2]
Named for Frederic Baraga
Seat L'Anse
Largest village Baraga
Area
 • Total 1,068.77 sq mi (2,768 km2)
 • Land 898.26 sq mi (2,326 km2)
 • Water 170.51 sq mi (442 km2), 15.95%
Population
 • (2010) 8,860
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.baragacounty.org
Hogback Mountain from Wetmore Landing, in the Huron Mountains

Baraga County (/ˈbærəɡə/ BARR-ə-gə) is a county in the Upper peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,860.[3] The county seat is L'Anse.[4] The county is named after Bishop Frederic Baraga.[1] The L'Anse Indian Reservation of the Ojibwa is located within the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,068.77 square miles (2,768.1 km2), of which 898.26 square miles (2,326.5 km2) is land and 170.51 square miles (441.6 km2) is water.[5]

The county is located in the state's Upper Peninsula on the shore of Lake Superior, at the southeast base of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The villages of Baraga and L'Anse are located at the base of Lake Superior's Keweenaw Bay. Point Abbaye projects from the county, creating the Huron Bay. Mount Arvon is the highest natural point in Michigan at 1,979 feet (603 m).

Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,804
1890 3,036 68.3%
1900 4,320 42.3%
1910 6,127 41.8%
1920 7,662 25.1%
1930 9,168 19.7%
1940 9,356 2.1%
1950 8,037 −14.1%
1960 7,151 −11.0%
1970 7,789 8.9%
1980 8,484 8.9%
1990 7,954 −6.2%
2000 8,746 10.0%
2010 8,860 1.3%
Est. 2012 8,683 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

The 2010 United States Census[8] indicates Baraga County had a population of 8,860. This is an increase of 114 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a 1.3% change in population. In 2010 there were 3,444 households and 2,209 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 5,270 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). 75.0% of the population were White, 13.1% Native American, 7.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 4.4% of two or more races. 1.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.5% were of Finnish, 9.1% German, 8.8% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 5.6% English and 5.5% Irish ancestry.[9]

There were 3,444 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. 54.9% of the population was male, 45.1% was female.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,115, and the median income for a family was $50,996. The per capita income for the county was $19,076. About 9.5% of families and 13% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Entrance sign for Baraga County on U.S. Route 141.

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Cities, villages, and townships[edit]

Cities

  • none

Villages

Townships

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Baraga County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ Baraga County, Genealogy
  3. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°43′N 88°20′W / 46.72°N 88.34°W / 46.72; -88.34