Barahona (city)

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Barahona
Santa Cruz de Barahona
Google Earth image of Barahona.
Google Earth image of Barahona.
Barahona is located in the Dominican Republic
Barahona
Barahona
Coordinates: 18°12′N 71°06′W / 18.200°N 71.100°W / 18.200; -71.100Coordinates: 18°12′N 71°06′W / 18.200°N 71.100°W / 18.200; -71.100
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Barahona
Founded 1802
Municipality since 1858
Area[1]
 • Total 163.02 km2 (62.94 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 138,159
 • Density 850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Demonym Barahonero(a)
Municipal Districts 3

Barahona, also known as Santa Cruz de Barahona, is the main city of the Barahona Province, in the south of the Dominican Republic. It is one of the most important cities on the island, with a very active port and many ecotourism attractions. The city is also a centre of sugar production and industry.

History[edit]

Since the 18th century, the region was occupied by fishermen and people that came here to cut trees. When Toussaint L'Ouverture took the eastern part of the Hispaniola island in the name of France, he gave the order to create the town of Barahona in 1802 as part of the Ozama Department.[4] After the Independence in 1844, Barahona was a military post of the Azua Province.

In 1858, Barahona was elevated to the category of municipality. When the province was created in 1881, Barahona was made its head municipality.

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Barahona has a tropical savanna climate.[5] Temperatures tend to remains steady throughout the year, with mean temperatures ranging from a low of 24.8 °C (76.6 °F) in January to a high of 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) in July. In terms of dry and wet seasons, Barahona has two distinctive wet seasons with a peak in precipitation from May to June followed by drought like conditions in July and August (due to the Azores high being located in the central Atlantic, inhibiting the formation of clouds and rain) and another peak in precipitation from September to October. This precipitation pattern is due to the movement and the position of the Azores high throughout the year. The dry season mainly runs through December to April. Even in the drier months, precipitation can stlll occur with February receiving just under 30 mm (1.2 in). Sunshine is abundant throughout the year, averaging over 3200 hours.

Climate data for Barahona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
34.0
(93.2)
33.8
(92.8)
34.5
(94.1)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
35.6
(96.1)
37.5
(99.5)
35.8
(96.4)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
30.0
(86)
30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.5
(88.7)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
25.0
(77)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
21.6
(70.9)
22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
23.3
(73.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
20.7
(69.3)
22.4
(72.3)
Record low °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
18.0
(64.4)
19.2
(66.6)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
19.6
(67.3)
16.6
(61.9)
15.5
(59.9)
15.0
(59)
Rainfall mm (inches) 30.4
(1.197)
29.3
(1.154)
45.1
(1.776)
64.1
(2.524)
168.5
(6.634)
129.5
(5.098)
38.1
(1.5)
65.1
(2.563)
143.7
(5.657)
184.9
(7.28)
75.6
(2.976)
44.4
(1.748)
1,018.7
(40.106)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.7 3.2 3.9 6.1 10.6 8.2 3.8 5.1 8.8 10.6 4.8 2.4 71.2
 % humidity 73.0 72.6 71.5 71.9 75.6 75.8 72.0 72.9 76.3 78.4 75.1 72.8 74.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 259.6 248.8 286.7 271.5 261.0 264.7 289.3 286.5 243.2 259.0 267.7 268.6 3,206.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[6]
Source #2: NOAA[7]

Economy[edit]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main product in the municipality is a very good coffee ("Barahona Type Coffee"), grown in the mountains of Eastern Bahoruco.

There are also some important industries, mainly to produce textiles to send to other countries, and sugar in the Ingenio Barahona ("Barahona Sugar Factory").

Transport[edit]

Although Barahona is not too developed in transport ways, the city counts with a Sea Port, which receive many ferries from different points in the Caribbean, and an Airport, which has been reactivated with many flights a week to Punta Cana via Santo Domingo. Authorities provided the airport with a fuel station park, allowing facilities to the airliners that could operate in the airport in the future. The airport is the well known Maria Montez International Airport, and it's located about 10 minutes of the city center. The port is located about 5 minutes away from the city center.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ López Reyes, Oscar (1999). Historia del desarrollo de Barahona: Narración e interpretación (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: Mediabyte. 
  5. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  6. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Barahona". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Climate Normals for Barahona 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 23, 2013.