Barakoni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barakoni Church of the Mother of God
ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი
Barakoni church (G.N. 2009).jpg
Barakoni is located in Georgia (country)
Barakoni
Magnify-clip.png
Shown within Georgia
Basic information
Location Tsesi, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Province (Mkhare),  Georgia
Geographic coordinates 42°32′20″N 43°12′36″E / 42.538889°N 43.21°E / 42.538889; 43.21Coordinates: 42°32′20″N 43°12′36″E / 42.538889°N 43.21°E / 42.538889; 43.21
Affiliation Georgian Orthodox Church
Region Caucasus
District Racha (historic region)
Architectural description
Architect(s) Avtandil Shulavreli
Architectural type Georgian; Church
Architectural style Domed cruciform plan
Founder Rostom of Racha
Groundbreaking 1753
Specifications
Dome(s) 1

Barakoni Church of the Mother of God (Georgian: ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი), commonly known as Barakoni (ბარაკონი), is an Orthodox church in Georgia, near the town of Ambrolauri, in the village of Tsesi of mountainous western province of Racha (modern-day Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti).[1]

Barakoni was commissioned, in 1753, by the local lord (eristavi) Rostom of Racha (1750-1769) from the architect Avtandil Shulavreli who is commemorated in the inscription of the eastern façade. It is a domed cruciform church and one of the last important monuments in the tradition of medieval Georgian architecture. The church was built of neatly trimmed stable stand stones and adorned with rich ornamentation. The church was closed and desecrated under the Bolshevik rule. It suffered further damage, though not serious, in the 1991 Racha earthquake, but was quickly repaired.[2][3] Located on a top of a steep cliff, it overlooks Rioni River which joins the Lukhuni River just below the mountain.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Баракони" [Barakoni]. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 
  2. ^ Sergiei Balassanian, Armando Cisternas, Mikael Melkumyan (2000), Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction, p. 130. Springer, ISBN 0-7923-6390-6.
  3. ^ (Georgian) M. Dvali (1993). ბარაკონის ღვთისმშობლის ტაძარი (Barakoni Church of the Mother of God). Dzgelis Megobari 2: 23-7.