While candidates are nominally nonpartisan and do not represent political parties, slates consisting of a candidate for barangay chairman and seven barangay councilor candidates are not uncommon; SK slates are also sometimes connected to a slate of a barangay chairman. Winning candidates serve for a term of three years, with reelection of up to two more times. Terms of office for barangay officials are usually extended when elections are postponed as a cost-saving measure.
Winning barangay captains in a certain municipality or city elect amongst themselves an Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) president that will serve as their representative in the Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Council) or Sangguniang Panlungsod (City Council). ABC presidents in a certain province will elect amongst their representative in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (Provincial Board). ABC presidents in provincial boards and city councils not under a jurisdiction of a province elect amongst themselves a national president and other officials of the League of Barangays of the Philippines.
Since 2007, barangay elections are held every three years on the fourth Monday in October. Elections are held simultaneously nationwide and are supervised by the Commission on Elections, known more commonly as the COMELEC.