Baranya County (former)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baranya County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920
1941–1944

Coat of arms of Baranya

Coat of arms

Location of Baranya
Capital Pécs
46°5′N 18°14′E / 46.083°N 18.233°E / 46.083; 18.233Coordinates: 46°5′N 18°14′E / 46.083°N 18.233°E / 46.083; 18.233
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June
Area
 -  1910 5,177 km2 (1,999 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 352,478 
Density 68.1 /km2  (176.3 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Croatia

Baranya (Hungarian: Baranya, Croatian: Baranja, Serbian: Baranja or Барања, German: Branau) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in southern Hungary (the present county Baranya) and northeastern Croatia (part of the Osijek-Baranja county). The capital of the county was Pécs.

Geography[edit]

Baranya county was located in Baranya region. It shared borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Tolna, Bács-Bodrog and Verőce (the latter county was part of Croatia-Slavonia). The county stretched along the rivers Drave (north bank) and Danube (west bank), up to their confluence. Its area was 5,176 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Baranya county arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary, in the 11th century. Stephen I of Hungary founded an episcopal seat here.

In the 15th century, Janus Pannonius was the Bishop of Pécs.

In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire conquered Baranya, and included it into the sanjak of Mohács, an Ottoman administrative unit, with the seat in the city of Mohács.

In the end of the 17th century, Baranya was captured by Habsburg Empire, and was included into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1918, the entire Baranya was captured by Serbian troops and was administered by the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but as a Republic, see: Baranya-Baja Republic.

By the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, the territory of the county was divided between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929) and Hungary. The south-east of the county was assigned to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, while the remainder was assigned to Hungary, and today it is part of the present Hungarian county Baranya, which also include some lands in the west that were not part of the historic Baranya county (After World War II the district of Szigetvár (previously part of Somogy county) was transferred to Baranya county).

The Yugoslav part of the pre-1918 county was occupied by Hungary during World War II and the pre-1918 borders of Baranya county were recreated in 1941. The border between Yugoslavia and Hungary was restored after 1944 and the borders of the county changed again.

Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav part of pre-1918 Baranya county is part of Croatia. Between 1991 and 1995 it was under occupation of rebel Croatian Serbs, while UN administered that area (Srem-Baranja Oblast) as a transitional body. In modern times there is a Magyar and Serb minority in Croatian Baranja and a Croatian minority in Hungarian Baranya. Roma minority is present in both parts, as well as Germans (until 1945).

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 334,764 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

  • Hungarian: 183,042 (54.7%)
  • German: 111,051 (33.2%)
  • Croatian: 15,431 (4.6%)
  • Serbian: 12,856 (3.8%)
  • Slovak: 482 (0.1%)
  • Romanian: 47 (0.0%)
  • Ruthenian: 10 (0.0%)
  • Other or unknown: 11,845 (3.6%)

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 352,478 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Baranya county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Baranyavár (Croatian: Branjin Vrh) Dárda (Croatian: Darda)
Hegyhát Sásd
Mohács Mohács
Pécs Pécs
Pécsvárad Pécsvárad
Siklós Siklós
Szentlőrinc Szentlőrinc
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Pécs

The towns of Branjin Vrh and Darda are now in Croatia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-16.