|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||2nd District of Rizal|
|• Mayor||Kathrine B. Robles|
|• Total||84.93 km2 (32.79 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||4th Class|
World War II
During the Second World War, the Imperial Japanese armed forces occupied and entered the municipal town of Baras in 1942. The local guerrillas of the General Marking Unit sieged and invaded the town of Baras and attacked the Japanese from 1942 to 1945. The local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the Philippine Constabulary units liberated the municipality of Baras in 1945. The guerrillas of the General Marking Units defeated the Japanese forces and it ended World War II.
The Military General Headquarters and Camp Bases of the 53rd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was established and active from 1942 to 1946 and built Camp Caparas in Baras. The military engagements of the Anti-Japanese Operations in Manila and Southern Luzon aided the local guerilla resistance fighters and U.S. military forces against the Japanese Imperial forces.
The Fall of Intramuros started in February 1945 under the Battle of Manila. Local Filipino soldiers, military officers, military trucks, tanks, military IFV's artilleries and many other military equipments under the 53rd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army were sent from the local military operations in the City of Manila military GHQ to camp bases at Camp Caparas in Barangay Concepcion, Baras. The military engagements of the Anti-Japanese Operations in Manila also recaptured and liberated Intramuros. It also aided the local guerrillas and the U.S. military forces fought and defeated the Japanese Imperial army under Navy Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi.
Baras is politically subdivided into 10 barangays (9 urban, 1 rural):
- Rizal (Pob)
- San Jose
- San Salvador
- San Juan
- San Miguel
- Pinugay (A majority of this area is under dispute with Antipolo, Rizal.)
|Population census of Baras|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- The site of the 53rd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, the military general headquarters, military camps and garrison was located at Camp Caparas in Concepcion, Baras, Rizal from 1942 to 1946. During the Battle for the Liberation of Manila on 1945, over 15,700 Filipino soldiers, tanks, armored fighting vehicles, military trucks, artilleries and many other equipments of the 53rd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army sent the military operations from Military GHQ at Camp Caparas in Baras, Rizal for the military operations in the City of Manila in February to March 1945.
- It was the site of the General Agustin Marking Guerrilla Unit which was founded in 1942 to 1945 at the guerrilla bases from the mountains in Baras, Rizal.
- Baras is well known for its Church, Saint Joseph Parish, which has been the setting of different TV Programs, TV Commercials, Documentaries, Movies, etc.
- Baras is also home the one of the Philippines' native martial arts', Sikaran, it's Grandmaster, Retired Philippine Air Force Col. Meliton Geronimo also became Mayor of the Municipality.
Saint Joseph Parish School
|This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Far too much detail, probably original research. (October 2013)|
Saint Joseph's High School is the only Catholic School in the town. It started under a different name, San Ildefonso College of Baras. As a branch of SIC Tanay, Rizal, it opened its doors to the first batch of 40 first year students in June 1992 with Fr. Arthur Price as founder and director and Sister Mamerta Rocero as assistant principal with Mr. Pedro Matignas and Miss Avelina Teston as the first teachers.
The following year, Fr. Price relinquished the directorship in favor of Fr. Eliseo Peregrino who had succeeded Msgr. Dimbla as parish priest of Baras. Fr. Peregrino agreed to take over and decided to run the school on its own. Thus St. Joseph's High School formally opened on June 1953 with 27 first year students. It was an uphill struggle for the school from the start. The school had nothing but a dilapidated convent and a few improvised chairs and tables. The town population then was so small, the people were poor, so the tuition fee had to be minimal. There was a stiff competition between the school and the public high school in the neighboring town. But Fr. Peregrino and his successor Fr. Arcadio Pascual with trust in God proved equal to the challenge.
In March 1957, Saint Joseph's High School proudly presented its 34 graduates. From these graduates, the prestige of the school was firmly established under Mr. Pedro Matignas, the principal at that time.
In the year 1963, Fr. Antero Sarmiento succeeded Fr. Pascual as the school's director and parish priest. It was not surprising that the school made even greater progress under him. It was through his efforts that the school rose up again after the disastrous typhoon of 1964. Msgr. Sarmiento also helped the school through his Scholarship Foundation.
Fr. Patricio Lim continued Fr. Antero Sarmiento's work from May, 1967 to 1971. Highlights of his stay in Baras were the construction of wooden pews and chandeliers in the church and school. Fr. Manuel Guerrero temporarily took over the school and Fr. Salvador Jose succeeded with Miss Escolastica Pangilinan, as principal. During Fr. Jose's administration, the present high school building was reconstructed and was financed by Rufino Cardinal Santos. Fr. Felipe Ocol succeeded Fr. Jose as the director-principal of the school for one year until Miss Melania Advincula became the principal.
The following year, Fr. Price relinquished the directorship in favor of Fr. Eliseo Peregrino who had succeeded Msgr. Dimbla as parish priest of Baras. Fr. Peregrino agreed to take over and decided to run the school on its own. Thus St. Joseph's High School formally opened in June 1953 with 27 first year students.
It was an uphill struggle for the school from the start. The school had nothing but a dilapidated convent and a few improvised chairs and tables. The town population then was so small, the people were poor, so the tuition fee had to be minimal. There was a stiff competition between the school and the public high school in the neighboring town. But Fr. Peregrino and his successor Fr. Arcadio Pascual with trust in God proved equal to the challenge.
In the school year 1977-1978, Fr. Alfonso Ma. Erestain took over the directorship with the help of his principal, Mrs. Julieta Arroyo of Tanay, Rizal. That was the first time when the enrollment of the school rose to 524 students. Fr. Erestain created the San Jose de Baras Educational and Cultural Foundation but for some reasons it failed. This also led the school in the verge of being closed. The school was left in debt under principal Mrs. Agapita Telado, a retired public elementary school teacher.
Fr. Santiago Hughes then temporarily took care of the parish but refused to be the director of the school which was then in a shaky condition until a clever and brave priest was sent by Cardinal Sin to be the parish priest and director of the school. He was Fr. Patrick Ronan, the first Columban priest assigned in St. Joseph Parish. He started in a cloudy month of June, 1981. He began with full emphasis on the survival of the school not only financially but academically and spiritually. The school stood on its own feet with the good collection of tuition fees and other miscellaneous income. The Student Council Organization worked cooperatively to raise more funds for the improvement of the school. On the second year of Fr. Ronan's administration, Sis. Simeona Torres became principal but she died in March. Mrs. Cresisanta A. Vallestero, who was the registrar and cashier took over and became the officer-in-charge of the school and later was designated as principal, S.Y. 1983-1984.
Henceforth, the school was very much involved in different spiritual activities, at the same time on academic side. Academically speaking it is not behind other schools in the sense that it always make it to the top in unit meets and even in provincial athletic meets. Not only did it boast of these academic success but also in athletic events that it had joined so far.
As of now the school runs smoothly with the help of some organizations like PTA, some alumni who are never tired of giving help to our school in terms of books, chairs, and improvements of other facilities.
One of the significant changes in our school is its changing name from St. Joseph's High School to Saint Joseph Parish School. This was made possible through Bishop Protacio Gungon, who was the chairman of the Board of Trustees of the school, the Director being its treasurer and the principal as the secretary. Reasons for the change are especially to emphasize that our school should be an integral and active part of parish life and also, so that we may have an umbrella name that will cover all levels of education.
In 1990, the Director and Parish Priest, Rev. Fr. Patrick Ronan left for his homeland for medical treatment. He was temporarily replaced by Msgr. Emiliano Belain as the director and parish priest. Later, he was appointed to become permanent because of the death of Fr. Ronan due to cancer. Whatever goals and policies of the former directors of the school, the present director continued, but with greater efforts so the school can be more developed. The school ran smoothly under his administration.
In 1993, Rev. Fr. Jose P. Matan took over as the new director and parish priest. There was a big progress then that in 1994-95 enrollment started to grow up. Many students from different towns enrolled here. In the same year, under the supervision of the principal, Mrs. Cresisanta A Vallestero, there was the opening of the Elementary from Grade I to Grade IV. The construction of additional school facilities were made possible, like school canteen, steel fence, window grilles, pathways and the statue of St. Joseph.
In April 30, 1995, the principal received an award as Outstanding Educator sponsored by International Research Communication Center Inc., which added credit to the name of the school. Another similar success was the 100% passing of graduating class in the NSAT, the replacement of NCEE. Eventually, SCO President, James Edward Golla passed the University of the Philippines Entrance Examination. From then on, other graduates passed the said examination and even in other college entrance examinations.
In the same year, construction of additional three rooms for the elementary and the reconstruction of a grotto near the school canteen in the same school year happened. Continuous physical development was done yearly like construction of the TLE Room, Canteen and school garage through Mr &. Ms. St. Joseph 1997-98. After Fr. Jose Matan, a young priest in the person of Rev. Fr. Aguedo A. Gula took over the directorship. He developed the Parish as well as the school with the help and assistance of Mrs. Cresisanta A. Vallestero who has been Principal since 1983 to present.
Year 2002, the school celebrated the 50th Foundation Day (March 19, 2002). It marked its Golden Anniversary with a year round program of activities, which turned out to be a remarkable event in its history.
Through the collaborative efforts of the school and the General Parent-Teacher Auxiliary Council (GPTAC) with the leadership of Mr. Edgard Ferrera as president, the Audio Visual Room was brought to completion within three years (2003–2006). Repairs of comfort rooms, roof and repainting are being done under the directorship of the very young and humble parish priest, Rev. Giovanni Osias Delfin O. Yago.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Province: RIZAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baras, Rizal.|
- Baras Rizal Online - Community website of the People of Baras, Rizal
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
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