Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines
|Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines|
|Locale||Bihar, Uttar Pradesh|
|Operator(s)||East Central Railway, North Eastern Railway|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge
Some gauge conversions in progress
|Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines|
Source: Indian Railways Time Table, Eastern Zone
The Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul and Jainagar lines are a set of three lines connecting Barauni in the Indian state of Bihar with Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. The lines run in an east-west direction between the Ganges and India-Nepal border, covering northern Bihar west of the Kosi river and eastern Uttar Pradesh. The southernmost of the three lines connects via Hajipur Junction, Sonpur Junction and Chhapra. The central line connects via Muzaffarpur, Motihari and Sugauli. The northern line connects via Darbhanga, Sitamarhi and Raxaul. The lines have interconnections between them and the northern line has extensions to places near the India-Nepal border.
Railway lines in the area were pioneered by Tirhut Railway and the Bengal and North Western Railway lines in the 19th century. In his book The Indian Empire, Its People, History and Products (first published in 1886) W.W.Hunter, says "The Tirhut State Railway with its various branches intersects Northern Behar and is intended to extend to the Nepal frontier on one side and to Assam on the other."
The area was developed with metre gauge tracks. The 229 km (142 mi) Samastipur-Narkatiaganj loop was developed in stages between 1875 and 1907. The Samastipur-Darbhanga line was opened for famine relief in 1874 and opened to the public on 1 November 1875. The 72 km (45 mi) long Nirmali branch (Darbhanga-Nirmali) between 1883 and 1886. The Sakri-Jainagar branch was opened in 1905. The Jhanjharpur-Laukaha Bazar line was opened in 1976.
The Barauni-Bachhwara line was opened in 1883. The Bachhwara-Bagaha line was developed in stages between 1883 and 1907. The 51 km (32 mi) long Hajipur-Muzaffarpur line was opened in 1884. The 270 km (168 mi) long Tirhut main line from Katihar to Sonpur was developed in stages between 1887 and 1901.
The 105 km (65 mi) long Chhapra-Thawe line was opened in 1910. The 320 km (199 mi) long Chhapra-Allahabad line was developed between 1891 and 1913. The Maharajganj branch line was opened in 1907. The Siwan-Kaptanganj line was opened between 1907 and 1913. The 127 km (79 mi) long Bhatni-Varanasi Chord was opened between 1896 and 1899.
Conversion from metre gauge to broad gauge has been a continuous process in the area.
Samastipur to Darbhanga (metre to broad gauge) was converted around 1983. Siwan to Thawe (metre to broad gauge) was converted in early 2006. In 1999 the Railway Convention Committee noted that broad gauge conversion of such lines as the Allahabad-Varanasi-Chhapra-Sonepur-Bachhwara section or the Muzaffarpur-Sugauli-Raxaul section created most of the desired alternative routes to avoid congestion of the main trunk routes and generated additional capacity.
Gauge conversion of the 268 km long Jainagar-Darbhanga-Narkatiaganj line that was started in 2011 was completed to Raxaul in February 2014 but the Raxaul to Narkatiaganj section remained to be converted from metre gauge. Conversion of Sakri-Laukaha Bazar-Nirmali line from metre to broad gauge had not started by March 2014.
- Barauni-Samastipur section
- Samastipur-Muzaffarpur section
- Muzaffarpur-Hajipur section
- Muzaffarpur-Gorakhpur section
As of 2011-12 and 2012-13 new lines being constructed in the area include:
- the 66.9 km long Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga line
- the 79 km long Sakri-Hasanpur line
- the 63 km long Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi line
- the 148.3 km long Hajipur-Sagauli via Vaishali line
- the 84.65 km long Chhapra-Muzaffarpur line
- the 70.14 km long Darbhanga-Kusheshwar Asthan line
- the 188 km long Sitamarhi-Jainagar-Nirmali via Susand line and
- the 66.55 km long Muzaffarpur-Katra-Oral-Janakpur Road line.
The Ganges divides the state of Bihar in two parts. The mighty river makes communication between the two parts a difficult task.
- W.W.Hunter. The Indian Empire, Its People, History and Products. p. 547. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Indian Railways line history; 2. North Eastern Railway". Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- Railway Convention Committee (1999). "Fourth Report on Development of Alternative Routes for Decongesting Existing Routes". Lok Sabha Secretariat, December 2001. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Assets-Acquisition, Construction and Replacement for 2011-12". East Central Railway. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Assets-Acquisition, Construction and Replacement for 2012-13". East Central Railway. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "Rlys begins bridge renovation work". Times of India, Patna, 12 July 2010. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- "New deadline for rail bridge". The Telegraph, 8 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-06.