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|— City —|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation|
|• MLA||Lokesh Dixit|
|Elevation||231 m (758 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91-1234 xxx xxx|
|Vehicle registration||UP-17 xxxx|
|Sex ratio||884 ♂/♀|
Baraut is a city and a small municipal board in Baghpat district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Previously, it was under Meerut district which was bifurcated into Meerut and Baghpat districts. At present it is an education hub for the villages around Baraut. In the present state assembly election it become a new assembly seat due to delimitation.
The small city is mostly inhabited by traders and farmers. Most of the population consists of Jats" Muslims, Jains, with a minority of Sikhs and Christians. The city is famous for its Jain temples and grand Jain functions organized every year. It is also famous for producing wheels and axles, which are used all over India in motor vehicles.
Baraut is located at. It has an average elevation of 231 m (758 feet). Baraut is situated at the confluence of two state highways SH-57 & SH-20.
According to the 2011 India census, Baraut had an estimated population of 102,733, of which 54,521 (53%) are male and 48,212 (47%) are female. Baraut has an average literacy rate of 77.98%, which is higher than the national average of 74.07%. According to the 2011 census, 84.65% of the males and 70.51% of females are literate.
The census also showed that 13.17% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The main commercial activities in Baraut are general merchant shops, primary schools (public as well as government) and agro-based axle-wheel manufacturing units.
Baraut is home to a wide range of religious faiths. As such, there are many Hindu and Jain temples and Mosques in and around the city. There are thirty-two temples, forty Mosques, one gurudwaras and two churches in the region. One of the biggest temples in the area is the Digamber Jain Bada Mandir. One of the oldest temples, said to be hundreds of years old, is considered very important to the Jains of the town.
There are a number of religious festivals held every year. A three-day carnival is held annually by the Jain community during Mahavir Jayanti, which celebrates the birth of Bhagwan Mahavir. Jains also celebrate the fair of Ucchav, which is the final ceremony on the tenth day of the Daslakhshani festival. "Rath Yatra" procession, which has many floats, starts from the Bada Jain Mandir to The Jain College Hall and returns back the same evening. Another Hindu carnival is organized during Dusshera following Ramlila.
Panchvati Temple is another major Hindu temple located in the heart of the city on the bank of the Nahar stream. This temple has three parts – the Goddess Santoshi Ma Temple, the Ram Temple and the Ganesh and Hanuman Ji Temple.
Baraut is home to the Rajeev Gandhi Pravedhik Sansthan Ghaziabad, Janta Vedic College, Digambar Jain College and Jain Polytechnic. Lala Ganga Ram and Kishori Lal Jain, one of the leading families of Baraut founded the Digamber Jain School in 1920 which developed into the present day institutions, the Digamber Jain College and the Digamber Jain Polytechnic. In Baraut, all of the courses are available up to the research level in the field of sciences and agriculture. Janta Vedic College is notable for its specialty in the field of agriculture. The education department of Uttar Pradesh established the District Institute for Education and Training.
Host of Big Events
On 26 October 2012, Sub Junior State Level Volleyball Tournament starts in Baraut. This event ends on 29 October 2012. In this tournament, 24 teams from 18 zones were participated. The winner of this tournament was Sports Hostel Faizabad Team. They win this tournament two time in a row. It is not the first time that Baraut hosting any major event of games. In the year October 2003, Boys and Girls State Level Kabaddi and Kho-Kho Competition was also took place in Baraut. Interestingly, organizer for both the major events was Digamber Jain Inter College. On 31 October 2012, School Games Federation organised District Archery Competition at Janta Vedic Inter College. It was an one-day event. In this event thirteen archers take participation. Archers participated in Sub-Junior Class, Junior Class and Senior Class categories.
Problems in development
Baraut is about 56 km away from Delhi. Despite its location in the National Capital Region, its development is poor compared to that of Delhi. Due to political reasons the central government had delebrately neglected transport system connecting Baraut to Delhi. Baraut is located on the State Highway No. 57.
Infrastructure is very poor and roads are in bad shape. Small rainfall invariably leads to water clogging. Mosquito and fly infestation is a constant problem. The municipality just does not care about the iinfrastructure in particular draiange system and clean water supply. Healthcare system is poor as any where else in the country.
The economy of Baraut and the surrounding villages is based on agriculture. On the fertile land close to the Yamuna and Jamuna Rivers are planted the main local crops of wheat, sugarcane and mustard, along with mangoes, guavas and grapes. Watermelons, muskmelons and kakri are planted during summers. Rim-and-axles and agricultural implements are small-scale industries and sugar mills and khandsari units abound.
- Census 2011
- Official site of Baraut
- Development scheme for Baraut
- Central excise
- Weather Forecast of Baraut
- Digamber Jain College
- Janta Vedic College
- Video on Baraut
- All Junior State Level Volleyball Tournament 2012
- Winner: Sports Hostel Faizabad Team
- District Archery Competition