Barawa

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Barawa
Baraawe
مدينة ﺑَﺮَﺍﻭَة
City
The Barawa seafront.
The Barawa seafront.
Nickname(s): Brava Ierè
Barawa is located in Somalia
Barawa
Barawa
Location in Somalia.
Coordinates: 1°06′48″N 44°01′49″E / 1.11333°N 44.03028°E / 1.11333; 44.03028Coordinates: 1°06′48″N 44°01′49″E / 1.11333°N 44.03028°E / 1.11333; 44.03028
Country  Somalia
Region Lower Shebelle
District Barawa
Population
 • Total 32,800
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Barawa (Somali: Baraawe, Arabic: مدينة ﺑﺮﺍﻭة‎), also known as Brava, is a port town in the southeastern Lower Shebelle region of Somalia.

History[edit]

In the 16th century, Barawa, which was then part of the Ajuran Empire, was sacked by the Portuguese during the Battle of Barawa but quickly recovered from the attack.[1] In 1840, soldiers of the Bardheere Jama'a took the city under siege while attempting to discover a more direct sea route, and inflicted much damage. The town's inhabitants pleaded with Sultan Yusuf Mahamud Ibrahim of the Geledi Sultanate for protection, with the Sultan's troops then invading Bardera and burned the city to the ground. Eventually, in 1889, Barawa was ceded to the control of the Italians when the Sultan of Zanzibar was forced to agree to the annexation of all the Banadir ports to the Italian Company already established in the Horn of Africa. The city, however, like the rest of the Benadir coast, was not under Zanzibari control but under Gobroon and Bimal rule, therefore making the Italian-Zanzibar agreement null and void. The Italians faced stiff resistance from many parts of the Benadir coast, and its inland regions and the slave trade of the Somali merchants would remain unchallenged for years to come.[2]

Sheikh Uways al-Barawi organized an Ikhwaan and led the Banadir revolt, which was duly crushed in 1908. The Sheikh subsequently migrated to Biyoley to reorganize his Ikhwan, but was killed in 1909. One result of the unsuccessful revolt was the establishment of the Uwaysiyya order, named after the martyr Sheikh Uways, which succeeded in establishing jama’as in the riverine region of southern Somalia and neighboring regions, which acted as centres of charity and learning. In addition to the famous Sheikh Uways, Baraawe has produced numerous well respected Ulama including Sheikh Nureini Sabiri, Sheikh Qassim al-Baraawi, Sheikh Ma'llim Nuri, Sharif Qulatayn and a female poet-saint, Dada Masiti.[3] The city was the stronghold of the Hizbiya Digil-Mirifle (HDM) party, which was founded in 1947 and later became the Hizb al-Dastuur Mustaqil al-Somali (Somali Independent Constitutional Party, HDMS)[4]

In 2009, Al-Shabaab militants seized control of Barawa.[5] In September of the year, a United States military raid in the area killed Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan, a suspected Al-Qaeda operative.[5] In October 2013, United States Navy SEAL Team Six also launched an unsuccessful raid against a beachside house in Barawa, targeting Mukhtar Abu Zubeyr, then leader of Al-Shabaab.[6]

Following the launch of Operation Indian Ocean, the Somali Armed Forces assisted by AMISOM troops re-seized control of Barawa from Al-Shabaab in October 2014.[7] On October 11, during a trip to Barawe President Hassan banned charcoal trade in the city.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Barawa has a population of around 32,800 inhabitants.[9] The broader Barawa District has a total population of 57,652 residents.[10]

The town's traditional inhabitants are the Tunni clan of the Somali people[11] as well as the Bravanese. In addition to Standard Somali, the Tunni speak Af-Tunni (another Afro-Asiatic language) and the Bravanese speak Chimwiini (a dialect of Swahili).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barbosa, 1866, p. 15 (originally from about 1517)
  2. ^ The End of slavery in Africa By Suzanne Miers, Richard L. Roberts
  3. ^ Ahmed, Ali Jimale, ed. (1995). The Invention of Somalia (1st ed.). Lawrenceville, N.J.: Red Sea Press. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-932415-99-8. 
  4. ^ Port Cities of the Horn
  5. ^ a b "Al-Shabab Vows to Avenge US Raid in Somalia". VOANews.com (Voice of America). 15 September 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009. 
  6. ^ "US Forces Hit Extremists Behind E. Africa Attacks". Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Mogadishu: Somali, African troops take key port from Shebab". Ma'an News Agency. 5 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Somalia to halt banned charcoal trade at port recaptured from al Shabaab
  9. ^ "Somalia City & Town Population". Tageo. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)". UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Muslim Brotherhoods in Nineteenth-Century Africa By B. G. Martin pg 160
  12. ^ east_africa_languages [Multicultural Topics in CSD]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]